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Urdu Conversation Starters for All Situations


How to start a conversation in Urdu is invariably one of the most frequently asked questions that strikes the minds of Urdu learners. Also, as an aspirant of the Urdu language, you should prioritize learning conversation starters in Urdu and know how to initiate a talk with the native Urdu speakers in Pakistan.

It is a fact that the standard and quality of your basic or advanced Urdu conversation starters directly impact your subsequent conversation and its anticipated consequences; therefore, to make a full-fledged impression and break the conversations, learn and choose top Urdu conversation starters and occupy the top seed among the Pakistanis.

In this article, you will not only learn Urdu conversation starters but also find sentences elaborating on Urdu conversation starter examples. The sessions of Urdu conversation starter practice through Urdu conversation starter lessons with highly standardized Urdu conversation starter words, phrases, and sentences will uplift your Urdu language skills and morale to boost your confidence in all scenarios.

A Male Coworker Trying to Start a Conversation with His Female Colleague

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Conversation Starters for Mingling and Socializing
  2. Conversation Starters for First Day at a New School or New Job
  3. Conversation Starters for a First Date
  4. Conversation Starters to Reconnect with Friends through Text or Email
  5. Conclusion

1. Conversation Starters for Mingling and Socializing

Owing to the gregarious nature of human beings, you can never think of living an all-alone life under any circumstances. Due to this reason, you will always need to socialize with others in any culture across the globe. To mingle and socialize, language is the most appropriate tool anywhere.

A Group of Friends in a Conversation During Socialization

In Urdu culture also, if you benefit from this tool properly, you are all set to make your space among Pakistanis and build a rapport with them comfortably. Let us have a look at some inevitable Urdu conversation starters in the below-given section of this article straight away.

·         آپ ایک دوسرے کو کیسے جانتے ہیں؟
Aap aik doosray ko kaisay jaantay hain?
How do you know each other?

·         کیا آپ موسٰی کو جانتے ہیں؟
Kia aap Musa ko jaantay hain?
Do you know Musa?

·         کیا آپ آیان کے دوست ہیں؟
Kia aap Aayan kay dost hain?
Are you Aayan’s friend?

·         آپ حاتم کو کیسے جانتے ہیں؟
Aap Hatim ko kaisay jaantay hain?
How do you know Hatim?

·         کیا آپ اکثر یہاں آتے ہیں؟
Kia aap aksar yahan aatay hain?
Do you come here often?

·         کیا آپ مجھے اس جگہ کے رسم ورواج بتا سکتے ہیں؟
Kia aap mujhay iss jagah kay rasm-o-riwaaj bata saktay hain?
Could you please tell me the customs and norms of this place?

2. Conversation Starters for First Day at a New School or New Job

The first day at school or at work is both confusing and challenging. If you want to make it a remarkable event of your life, challenge yourself to learn some Urdu conversation starters for the day. You can shortlist and choose your friends depending upon your first interactions with the newly admitted school fellows or freshly hired colleagues.

Mature Officials Busy in a Conversation at a Workplace

Also, be mindful that it is an occasion that requires you to be smart and wary as you will have to spend a fair time with these fellows; therefore, a wrong selection can put you in hot waters whereas a correct selection guarantees smooth sailing of the affairs and make your coming years cool as a cucumber. Thus let us target some unavoidable Urdu conversation starters for the very first day at school or a new workplace without any delay.

·         میرا نام احمد ہے اور میں اردو ادب کا طالبِ علم ہوں۔
Mera naam Ahmed hai aur mein Urdu adab ka talib-e-ilm hun.
My name is Ahmed and I am a student of Urdu literature.

·         آج سکول میں میرا پہلا دن ہے اس لیے میں بہت پُرجوش ہوں۔
Aaj school mein mera pehla din hai iss liye mei bohat purjosh hun.
It’s my first day at school; therefore, I am very excited.

·         آپ کون سی جماعت میں پڑھتے ہیں؟
Aap kaun si jamaat mein parhtay hain?
Which class do you study in?

·         کیا آپ مجھے بتا سکتے ہیں کہ لائبریری کہاں ہے؟
Kia aap mujhay bata saktay hain kay library kahan hai?
Could you please guide me where the library is?

·         یہاں کیفیٹیریا میں کیا خاص چیز ملتی ہے؟
Yahan cafeteria mein kia khaas cheez milti hai?
What is the specialty of the cafeteria here?

·         آپ یہاں کتنی دیر سے کام کر رہے/رہی ہیں؟
Aap yahan kitini der say kaam ker rahay/rahi hain?
For how long have you been working here?

·         کیا آپ یہاں کے ماحول سے مطمئن ہیں؟
Kia aap yahan kay mahol say mutma-in hain?
Are you satisfied with the atmosphere here?

·         کیا آپ بھی نئے ہیں؟
Kia aap bhi naye hain?
Are you also new?

·         کیا یہ ادارہ ٹرانسپورٹ کی سہولت فراہم کرتا ہے؟
Kia yeh idarah transport ki sahoolat faraham kerta hai?
Does this organization provide the transport-facility?

3. Conversation Starters for a First Date

Though it is hard to fix a single set of Urdu conversation starters for Every first date because with the change of person and place you cannot guarantee if it is going to work. Nevertheless, a proactive approach demands that you should equip yourself with multiple Urdu conversation starters for a date.

A Couple Enjoying Coffee During a Conversation

Having such a vocabulary saves you from certain embarrassing moments and you can make a difference to win the confidence of your partner. It also helps you develop a loving relationship that could last longer and add an everlasting series of events to the album of your love life ultimately. Let us learn how to start a loving conversation in the Urdu language right now.

·         تمہیں کیا پسند ہے؟
Tumhein kia pasand hai?
What do you like?

·         کیا تمہیں کوئی کھیل پسند ہے؟
Kia tumhein koi khel pasand hai?
Do you like any sport?

.         تم شام کے وقت کیا کرتے/کرتی ہو؟
Tum shaam kay waqt kia kertay/kerti ho?
What do you do in the evening?

·         تمہاری پسندیدہ ترین فلم کون سی ہے؟
Tumhari pasandidah tareen film kaun si hai?
What is your most favorite movie?

·         تمہاری پسندیدہ ترین ڈش کون سی ہے؟
Tumhari pasandidah tareen dish kaun si hai?
What is your most favorite dish?

·         کیا تم جانتی/جانتے ہو کہ تم پر لال رنگ جچتا ہے؟
Kia tum jaanti/jaantay ho kay tum per laal rung jachta hai?
Do you know that the red color suits you?

·         کیا تم میرے ساتھ زندگی کے ایک نئے سفر کا آغاز کرو گے/گی؟
Kia tum meray saath zindagi kay aik naye safar ka aaghaaz kero gay/gi?
Will you start a new journey of life with me?

·         کیا تم پیار میں یقین رکھتے/رکھتی ہو؟
Kia tum pyaar mein yaqeen rakhtay/rakhti ho?
Do you believe in love?

A Female Accepting a Flowers

4. Conversation Starters to Reconnect with Friends through Text or Email

Nowadays, it is extremely difficult to refrain from using the modern gadgets of communication. Hence, it also makes it indispensable to master the efficient usage of these gadgets. The vastness of the Urdu language has allowed it to formulate its Urdu vocabulary that you can utilize to send SMS and Email to others.

The circumstances and addressees may vary and so does vary your sentences and phrases that you can use to talk to your family, friends, and others. You should change your conversation starters with the change of addressee i.e. if you are talking or writing on an official platform your language and tone should be formal whereas while hanging out with the family and friends you can afford to be informal and casual.

Keeping these in view, let us proceed further to learn some Urdu conversation starters to connect and reconnect with friends through email and text messages below here.

·         کیا کر رہے/رہی ہو؟
Kia ker rahay/rahi ho?
What are you doing?

·         کیا ہم تھوڑی دیر بات کر سکتے ہیں؟
Kia hum thori der baat ker saktay hain?
Can we talk for a little while?

·         میں تمہارے پیغام کا انتظار کر رہا/رہی ہوں۔
Mei tumharay paighaam ka intezaar ker raha/rahi hun.
I am waiting for your message.

·         میں تمہاری ای میل کا بیتابی سے انتظار کر رہا/رہی ہوں۔
Mei tumhari email ka betaabi say intezaar ker raha/rahi hun.
I am anxiously waiting for your email.

·         تھوڑی دیر کے لیے میری بات سنو۔
Thori der kay liye meri baat suno.
Listen to me for a little while.

·         تم نے ابھی تک میرے پیغام کا جواب نہیں دیا۔
Tum nay abhi tak meray paighaam ka jawaab nahin diya.
You have not answered my message yet.

·         میرے پیغام کا جواب لازمی دینا۔
Meray paighaam ka jawaab laazmi dena.
You must reply to my message.

A Male Busy in Online Conversation

5. Conclusion

This article has guided you on some very useful Urdu conversation starters and expressions followed by a list of Urdu conversation starter questions and answers to build your unique Urdu vocabulary in this regard. You have also come across a few most common Urdu conversation starter words and dialogues to make you well-versed in the use of the Urdu language anywhere all around.

Are you ready to test your favorite Urdu conversation starters in real-life situations? ‘Yes,’ or ‘no’ does not matter. Write to us at right away to have our earliest response concerning all sorts of questions and queries.

Besides, don’t forget to explore frequently, for it is a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources such as Urdu dictionary, Urdu vocabulary, Urdu pronunciation, Urdu grammar, etc. that will hone your integrated Urdu language skills to make you adept at them eventually.

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Sound Like a Native with These Advanced Urdu Phrases


Now that you’ve mastered intermediate-level Urdu, it’s only natural for you to begin preparing for the next stage of your learning journey. 

As you continue forward, you’ll find that traditional learning methods—such as memorizing individual vocabulary words—may not be the best approach. Rather, you should begin putting together an arsenal of advanced Urdu phrases and expressions that will help you fit in with native speakers and better understand Pakistani culture as a whole. And don’t worry about translating these phrases word for word, either. Focusing on entire phrases will keep you on the path to success and ensure smooth sailing! 

In this article, you will learn a variety of advanced Urdu phrases for the academic, business, and social spheres. Memorize them and practice often to achieve a degree of excellence in Urdu.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Phrases for Academic Writing
  2. Power Phrases for Your Resume
  3. Smart Phrases for Business and Meetings
  4. Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs for Everyday Usage
  5. Conclusion

1. Phrases for Academic Writing

No doubt, academic writing in any language opens up multiple avenues for gaining recognition across the globe. If you would like to become a strong, prolific writer in Urdu, there are a few advanced Urdu phrases you’ll have to know. We have listed some of them below, along with examples of their usage.

A Woman Writing Notes for an Academic Paper

·         مذکورہ بالا
Mazkoorah baala

مذکورہ بالا وجہ سے میں حاضر نہیں ہو سکا۔
Mazkoorah baala wajah say mei hazir nahin ho saka.
I could not attend due to the above-mentioned reason.

·         خط کشیدہ
Khat kusheedah

خط کشیدہ الفاظ کے معانی لکھیں۔
Khat kusheedah alfaaz kay maani likhain.
Write down the meanings of the underlined words.

·         محولہ بالا
Mahoolah baala

محولہ بالا مثال بہت موزوں ہے۔
Mahoolah baala misaal bohat mozoon hai.
The above-referenced example is very appropriate.

·         دوسری طرف
Doosri taraf
On the other hand

دوسری طرف وہ میری بات سننے کو تیار نہیں۔
Doosri taraf woh meri baat sun-nay to tayyar nahin.
On the other hand, he is ready to listen to me.

·         اولاً

اولاً تمہیں وہاں نہیں جانا چاہئے تھا۔
Awallun tumhein wahan nahin jaana chahiye tha.
Firstly, you should not have gone there.

·         قطع نظر
Qatay nazar
Regardless of

قطع نظر اس کے کہ ہم نے اسے پناہ فراہم کی۔۔۔
Qatay nazar iss kay hum nay usay panah farahum ki…
Regardless, we provided him with shelter…

·         اس کے برعکس
Iss kay bur-aks
Contrary to this

اس کے برعکس اس نے اپنے دشمن کو معاف کر دیا۔
Iss kay bur-aks uss nay apnay dushman ko maaf ker diya.
Contrary to it, he forgave his enemy.

·         دوسرے الفاظ میں
Doosray alfaaz mein
In other words

دوسرے الفاط میں وہ اس سلوک کا حقدار نہیں ہے۔
Doosray alfaaz mein who iss sulook ka haqdaar nahin hai.
In other words, he does not deserve this treatment.

·         اسی طرح
Issi tarah

اسی طرح وہ دوسرا امتحان بھی پاس کر گیا۔
Issi tarah woh doosra imtehaan bhi paas ker gaya.
Similarly, he passed the second examination.

·         نتیجتاً
As a result

نتیجتاً، وہ میچ ہار گئے۔
Nateejatun, woh match haar gaye.
As a result, they lost the match.

A Fallen King on a Chessboard, Signifying a Lost Game

·         آخرکار
Aakhir kaar

آخرکار، وہ کامیاب ہو گیا۔
Aakhi kaar, woh kaamyaab ho gaya.
Eventually, he succeeded.

2. Power Phrases for Your Resume

A resume is your first introduction to a potential employer. Adding the following phrases to your advanced Urdu vocabulary will help you make a great first impression and increase your chances of landing the job. 

·         خالی آسامی
Khaali aasami
Vacant post

·         مجھے آپ کے ادارے میں خالی آسامی کے بارے میں معلوم ہوا۔
Mujhay aap kay idaray mein khaali aasaami kay baaray mein maloom hua.
I found out about a vacant post in your organization.

A Vacant Seat

·         میں آپ سے ــــــــــــــ کے سلسلے میں رابطہ کر رہا/رہی ہوں۔۔۔
Mei aap say _______ kay silsilay mein raabta ker raha/rahi hun…
I am contacting you about…

·         میں اپنے تعلیمی اور پیشہ وارانہ کیرئیر کی بنیادوں پر خود کو اس خالی آسامی کے لئے مناسب ترین امیدوار سمجھتا/سمجھتی ہوں۔
Mei apnay taleemi aur peshawaranah career ki bunyadon per khud ko iss khaali aasami kay liye munasib tareen umeed-waar samajhta/samajhti hun.
Based on my academic and professional career, I consider myself to be the most appropriate candidate for this vacant post.

·         اس مخصوص شعبے میں تجربہ۔۔۔
Iss makhsoos shobay mein tajurbah…
The experience in this particular sector…

·         میں آپ سے بالمشافہ مِل کر اپنی نوکری کی درخواست کے بارے میں بات کرنا چاہتا/چاہتی ہوں۔
Mei aap say bilmushafah mil ker apni naukri ki darkhwast kay baaray mein baat kerna chahta/chahti hun.
I’d like to meet you in person to talk about my job application.

·         آپ کے ادارے میں خدمات سرانجام دینا میرے لیے باعثِ عزت ہو گا۔
Aap kay idaray mein khidmaat siranjaam dena meray liye bias-e-eazat ho ga.
It will be a matter of honor for me to serve your organization.

·         آپ کے مثبت جواب کا/کی منتظر
Aap kay musbat jawaab ka/ki muntazir.
Looking forward to your positive response.

·         آپ کا مخلص
Aap ka mukhlis

Someone Reading a Cover Letter

3. Smart Phrases for Business and Meetings

Business meetings are instrumental in outlining objectives, measuring progress, overcoming obstacles, and making yourself heard. As such, knowing the most relevant advanced Urdu words and phrases will benefit both you and your colleagues. We have included a few of them below, along with example sentences. 

·         ایجنڈا

اس اجلاس کا ایجنڈا کیا ہے؟
Iss ijlaas ka ajenda kia hai?
What is the agenda of this meeting?

·         معاملات کو قابو میں رکھنے کے لئے۔۔۔
Maamlat ko qaboo mein rakhnay kay liye…
To keep things under control…

معاملات کو قابو میں رکھنے کے لئے ہمیں ملازمین کو بونس دینا پڑے گا۔
Maamlaat ko qaaboo mein rakhnay kay liye hamein mulaazmeen ko bonus dena paray ga.
To keep things under control, we will have to give a bonus to employees.

·         مسائل کا حل تلاش کرنے کے لئے
Masayal ka hal talaash kernay kay liye
To find the solutions to problems

·         آخری تاریخ
Aakhri tareekh

آج فارم جمع کرونے کی آخری تاریخ ہے۔
Aaj form jama kerwanay ki aakhri tareekh hai.
Today is the deadline to submit the form.

A Date Circled on a Calendar, Signifying a Deadline

·         موزوں کارکردگی
Mozoon karkardigi
Proper performance

موزوں کارکردگی دِکھانے پر اسے بونس مِلا۔
Mozoon karkardigi dikhanay per usay bonus mila.
He got a bonus for showing proper performance.

·         احکامات کی تعمیل
Ihkamaat ki tameel
Compliance with orders

احکامات کی تعمیل سب کے لئے لازم ہے۔
Ahkamaat ki taameel sub kay liye laazim hai.
Compliance with orders is mandatory for all.

·         نفع و نقصان کو مدِّ نظر رکھیں
Nafa-o-nuqsaan ko madd-e-nazar rakhein
Consider the pros and cons

4. Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs for Everyday Usage

Using advanced Urdu sayings in your conversations will help you gain acceptability among native speakers. We have included below some highly influential Urdu proverbs and idioms for you to study.

·         زخموں پر نمک چھڑکنا
Zakhmon per namak chirakna
To add salt to injury

ناکامی کے بعد، دوستوں کی لاتعلقی اس کے زخموں پر نمک چھڑکنے کے مترادف تھی۔
Naakaami kay baad, doston ki laa-taluqi uss kay zakhmon per namak chiraknay kay mutradif thi.
After failure, the indifference of his friends was equivalent to adding salt to injury.

·         جلتی پر تیل ڈالنا
Jalti per tail daalna
To add fuel to fire

وہ پہلے ہی مصیبت میں ہے، تم اس کی شکایت کر کے جلتی پر تیل نہ ڈالو۔
Woh pehlay he museebat mein hai, tum uss ki shikayat ker kay jalti per tail nah daalo.
He is already in trouble; do not add fuel to fire by complaining against him.

·         کانوں کا کچا ہونا
Kanon ka kacha hona
To be a gullible figure

وہ کانوں کا بہت کچا ہے۔
Woh kanon ka bohat kacha hai.
He is a very gullible person.

·         مالِ مفت دلِ بے رحم
Maal-e-muft dil-e-beraham
Easy come easy go

وہ اپنے بھائی کے پیسے جوئے میں اڑا رہا ہے، سچ کہا گیا ہے کہ مالِ مفت دلِ بے رحم۔
Woh apnay bhai kay paisay juay mein ura raha hai, such kaha gaya hai kay maal-e-muft dil-e-beraham.
He is wasting his brother’s money in gambling; it is rightly said, easy come easy go.

A Man Gambling in a Casino

·         ہمّتِ مرداں مددِ خدا
Himmat-e-mardan madad-e-khuda.
God helps those who help themselves.

·         اندھا کیا چاہے دو آنکھیں
Andha kia chahay dou aankhain
Fulfillment of a wish

·         کہاں راجہ بھوج کہاں گنگو تیلی
Kahan raja bhoj kahan gangu teli
Huge difference in social status and class

5. Conclusion

Through this article, you have acquainted yourself with some of the most common and useful advanced Urdu phrases to beef up your advanced Urdu vocabulary. 

After reading this article, how do you feel about continuing your journey into advanced Urdu learning? Do you feel more prepared? If you have any questions or concerns about what we covered in this article, don’t hesitate to let us know in the comments. We’ll get back to you as soon as possible. 

In the meantime, don’t forget to explore We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources and practical tools, such as this Urdu-English dictionary. You’ll also find guides on Urdu pronunciation and grammar, in addition to a number of free vocabulary lists

Not sure where to start? We recommend heading over to our advanced Urdu course, which contains 25 curated lessons designed just for advanced learners like yourself. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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The Most Useful Urdu Phrases for the Intermediate Level


Have you already mastered the most basic Urdu words, phrases, and grammar points? 

Then the next logical step is to press ahead and begin studying more advanced concepts. More specifically, you should consider learning intermediate Urdu phrases that are appropriate for your level and goals. Memorizing entire phrases (rather than individual words) is a great way to get used to the language and speak more naturally at this stage. 

You may find this advancement a bit tricky. However, passing through this intricate phase will empower you to have deeper and more effective conversations with native Urdu speakers. Being able to use intermediate Urdu phrases in their appropriate contexts will help you make a better impression on the Pakistani locals and make you a better communicator. 

You may fall victim to the misuse of these phrases at the beginning, but mistakes are what help us learn and do better. Once you find your errors, you can correct them and improve your speaking skills accordingly. 

In this article, you will learn some useful intermediate Urdu phrases that will not only give you confidence in your communication skills but also help you achieve a solid reputation in Urdu-speaking cultures

    ➜ Are you still struggling to reach the intermediate level in Urdu? Then make sure you visit this lesson for some helpful tips and tricks for leveling up!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Talking About Past Events
  2. Making and Changing Plans
  3. Explaining and Listing Reasons
  4. Making Recommendations and Complaints
  5. Reaction Phrases for Everyday Conversations
  6. Etiquette [Link] Phrases for Social and Business Settings
  7. Conclusion

1. Talking About Past Events

The past tense plays a significant role in the art of narration. Therefore, learning how to use the past tense in Urdu is crucial if you plan on telling stories or anecdotes from your past. Below are some useful intermediate Urdu phrase examples that you can memorize and build upon to use in your own conversations.

Black-and-White Photographs Symbolizing Past Events

میرے باغ میں آم کا ایک درخت تھا۔
Meray baagh mein aam ka aik darakht tha.
I had a mango tree in my garden.

اُس نے ہمیشہ حق کا راستہ چنا۔
Uss nay hameshah haq ka rastah chuna.
He always opted for the right path.

کل شب ہم نے خوب مزہ کیا۔
Kal shab hum nay khoob mazah kiya.
We enjoyed ourselves a lot last night.

بد قسمتی نے اُس کا پیچھا کیا۔
Badqismati nay uss ka peecha kiya.
Bad luck chased him.

ہمارا اچھا وقت گزرا۔
Hamara acha waqt guzra.
We had a great time.

وہ میری زندگی کا ناقابلِ فراموش دن تھا۔
Woh meri zindagi ka naqabil-e-faramosh din tha.
That was the most unforgettable day of my life.

2. Making and Changing Plans

Planning events is another situation you’ll face in any society. To help you start off on the right foot, we’ve compiled several Urdu phrases for the intermediate level that are perfect for making and changing plans with native speakers. From setting a date to postponing a meeting, you’ll be ready for it all!

Business Professionals Busy in a Meeting

کیا آپ کل کچھ وقت نکال سکتے ہیں؟
Kia aap kal kuch waqt nikaal saktay hain?
Can you spare some time tomorrow?

کیا آپ یہ ملاقات مؤخر کر سکتے ہیں؟
Kia aap yeh mulaqat moakhar ker saktay hain?
Could you please postpone this meeting?

کیا آپ دیسی کھانا پسند کرتے ہیں؟
Kia aap desi khaana pasand kertay hain?
Do you like Desi food?

کیا میں دعوت میں اپنے بیٹوں کو لا سکتا ہوں؟
Kia mei daawat mein apnay beton ko la sakta hun?
Can I bring my sons to the party?

کیا ہم کسی اور دن کا انتخاب کر سکتے ہیں؟
Kia hum kisi aur din ka intekhaab ker saktay hain?
Can we choose another day?

اگلے جمعے کو دن گیارہ بجے ملتے ہیں۔
Aglay jummay ko din gyarah bajay miltay hain.
Let us meet next Friday at eleven a.m.

3. Explaining and Listing Reasons

Every action has a reason behind it. Sometimes, the inability to explain this reason results in confusion or misconceptions. This is why you should definitely know how to describe your reasons in Urdu if you’re visiting Pakistan. Let’s see a few intermediate Urdu phrases you could use to do this.

A Woman Shrugging Her Shoulders in Confusion

مُوسلا دھار بارش کی وجہ سے میچ نہ کھیلا جا سکا۔
Moosla dhaar baarish ki wajah say match nah khela ja saka.
The match could not be played due to heavy rain.

میں نے ایک ضروری کام کی وجہ سے چُھٹّی کی۔
Mei nay aik zaroori kaam ki wajah say chutti ki.
I took leave due to an urgent work assignment.

ہم بوجۂ مجبوری شادی میں شریک نہ ہو سکے۔
Hum bawajah-e- majboori shaadi mein shareek nah ho sakay.
We could not attend the wedding because of a compulsion.

یہی وجہ ہے کہ وہ ہمیشہ کامیاب ہو جاتا ہے۔
Yehi wajah hai kay woh hameshah kaamyaab ho jaata hai.
That is why he is always successful.

میں نے اس کا انتخاب مُندرجہ ذیل وجوہات کی بناء پر کیا۔
Mei nay iss ka intekhaab mundarjah zail wajoohaat ki bina per kiya.
I selected that for the following reasons.

وہ اتنا کمزور ہے کہ چل بھی نہیں سکتا۔
Woh itna kamzor hai kay chal bhi nahin sakta.
He is too weak to walk.

کیونکہ میں نے امتحان کی تیاری کرنی ہے، اس لیے میں کھیل نہیں سکتا۔
Kyun kay mei nay imtehaan ki tayari kerni hai, iss liye mei khel nahin sakta.
I cannot play because I have to prepare for the examination.

4. Making Recommendations and Complaints

Being able to give a fair opinion and respect others’ suggestions will increase your acceptability in your social circles. Sharing critical insights and common experiences are two good ways to make friends anywhere. Therefore, we have compiled some intermediate phrases in Urdu that you can use to make complaints and give recommendations.

A Man Showing Dissatisfaction with His Food and Complaining

میرے کہنے پر یہ ڈش کھائیں، آپ مایوس نہیں ہوں گے۔
Meray kehnay per yeh dish khaaein, aap mayoos nahin hon gay.
Try this dish on my recommendation; you will not be disappointed.

مجھے وہ سیرگاہ پسند ہے، میں تمہیں وہاں لے کر چلوں گا۔
Mujhay woh sergah pasand hai, mei tumhein wahan lay ker chaloon ga.
I like that resort; I will take you there.

وہاں کا عملہ ہرگز تعاون نہیں کرتا لہٰذا میں آپ کو اس جگہ جانے کا مشورہ نہیں دے سکتا۔
Wahan ka amlah hargiz taawun nahin kerta lehazah mei aap ko uss jagah jaanay ka mashwarah nahin day sakta.
The staff over there is highly non-cooperative; therefore, I cannot suggest you go to that place.

یہ میرا پسندیدہ گُلوکار ہے۔
Yeh mera pasandeedah gulukaar hai.
This is my favorite singer.

مجھے یہ گیت پسند ہے، اسی لیے میں یہ دوبارہ سُنوں گا۔
Mujhay yeh geet pasand hai, isi liye mei yeh dobarah sunon ga.
I like this song; therefore, I will listen to it again.

یہ نئی فلم بہت بُری ہے، میں آپ کو یہ دیکھنے کی سفارش نہیں کروں گا۔
Yeh nayi film bohat buri hai, mei aap ko yeh daikhnay ki sifarish nahin karun ga.
This new movie is quite bad; I will not recommend you watch it.

5. Reaction Phrases for Everyday Conversations

Now, let’s go over some crisp intermediate Urdu phrases for reacting to others’ statements. Learning how to use these reaction phrases will help you have smoother, more natural conversations. 

بہت اعلٰی! تم نے بہت اچھی کارکردگی دکھائی۔
Bohat aala! Tum nay bohat achi karkerdagi dikhai.
Great! You showed a great performance.

حقیقتاً ؟ کیا یہ ممکن ہے؟
Haqeeqatun? Kia yeh mumkin hai?
Really? Is it possible?

مذاق نہیں، یہ حقیقت ہے۔
Mazaq nahin, yeh haqeeqat hai.
No kidding, this is a reality.

اوہ میرے خدایا! یہ آدمی کتنا مطلبی ہے۔
Oh meray khudaya! Yeh aadmi kitna matlabi hai.
Oh my God! How mean this man is.

بُری بات! ایسا نہیں کرو۔
Buri baat! Aisa nahin kero.
That’s bad! Do not do this.

ناقابلِ یقین! کوئی مچھلی کیسے چل سکتی ہے؟
Naqabil-e-yaqeen! Koi machli kaisay chal sakti hai?
Unbelievable! How can a fish walk?

A Man Holding an Umbrella while Money Is Raining, Signifying Something Unbelievable

6. Etiquette [Link] Phrases for Social and Business Settings

Courtesy can bring desirable results in any part of the world; therefore, learning some Urdu phrases related to social etiquette and cultural norms is a great idea. For your convenience, we have listed several such Urdu phrases to guide you in a variety of settings.

A Business Professional Extending His Hand to Shake

بسم اللّہ کریں۔
Bismillah karein.
Bon appetit.

میں آپ کے جواب کا منتظر ہوں۔
Mei aap kay jawab ka muntazir hun.
I look forward to hearing from you.

کسی بھی سوال کی صورت میں براہِ مہربانی مجھ سے رابطہ کریں۔
Kisi bhi sawaal ki soorat mein barah-e-meharbani mujh say raabtah karein.
Please contact me in case of any questions.

خود کو گھر پر ہی سمجھیں۔
Khud ko ghar per he samjhein.
Make yourself feel at home.

ہم آپ کو ہماری دکان پر خوش آمدید کہتے ہیں۔
Hum aap ko hamari dukan per khush aamdeed kehtay hain.
We welcome you to our shop.

مجھے پیش رفت سے آگاہ رکھئے گا۔
Mujhay pesh raft say aagah rakhiye ga.
Keep me posted on the proceedings.

7. Conclusion

In this article, we provided you with a comprehensive list of Urdu phrases for intermediate learners. To help prepare you for everyday life in Pakistan, we made sure to include phrases for a number of different situations and contexts. Of course, if you feel that we forgot an important phrase or category, we encourage you to let us know in the comments. We’ll get back to you as soon as possible! 

If you would like to continue learning Urdu, create your free lifetime account on today! We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources for students at every level. You’ll enjoy studying Urdu using our variety of video and audio lessons, free vocabulary lists, pronunciation and grammar guides, and so much more. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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The Best Urdu Podcasts for Language Learners


Have you started feeling the heat of trying to learn Urdu through old, hackneyed methods? Don’t let your morale drop so soon! Instead, get ready to start learning the Urdu language through a more entertaining and engaging medium: Urdu podcasts. 

Maybe it’s hard for you to believe that learning a language like Urdu could actually be fun. But listening to podcasts in Urdu is a fantastic way to learn the language, and it frees you from the monotonous classroom atmosphere and hectic homework assignments. 

You can learn Urdu with ease, holding a cup of coffee (or whatever your favorite drink is) and relaxing on the couch with your eyes closed. Depending on your current proficiency level, you could simultaneously learn the Urdu language, become familiar with the culture, and gain extensive knowledge on another topic of your choosing. 

In this article, we will provide you with a list of the ten best Urdu podcasts for language learners. In addition, we’ll talk about why podcasts are such an excellent language learning tool and give you some tips on how to make the most of them. 

You’re sure to find a podcast you love, as we’ve handpicked the top choices in a number of genres!

A Girl in a Pleasant Mood Learning with the Help of

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Benefits of Using Podcasts to Learn Urdu
  2. The Best Podcasts for Learning Urdu
  3. Tricks to Help You Learn Urdu More Effectively with Podcasts
  4. Conclusion

1. Benefits of Using Podcasts to Learn Urdu

Of course, before you begin listening to Urdu podcasts, you probably want to know what makes them worth your while. What benefits can you expect from supplementing your studies with podcasts? To answer this pertinent question, we have listed below just a few of the advantages that podcasts have over other study tools. 

Easy to Approach and Tackle

Since modern technology has revolutionized the world and transformed it into a global village, learning media such as podcasts have become easily accessible to everyone. Due to their user-friendly interfaces, such channels have become highly popular—even most children can use them without parental guidance! 

Improvement in Listening Skills

It’s no secret that a good listener can only become a good communicator. If you want to become better at communicating with native Urdu speakers, you must develop a good deal of patience and a knack for listening without interruption. When you listen to Urdu podcasts, you’ll gradually develop these skills on a subconscious level.

A Man and a Woman Trying to Communicate

Focus on Correct Pronunciation

Becoming an active listener will also set you on the path toward becoming a better learner. Listening to Urdu podcasts will help you passively learn the correct pronunciation of many words that you might have been mispronouncing this whole time! 

Variety in Vocabulary

Having a good range of Urdu vocabulary will give you a huge advantage in any circumstance. When you’re able to use just the right word (instead of overusing the same ones over and over again), the tables turn for the better. By listening to podcasts on a daily basis, you’ll be able to learn new words and hear how they’re used in real-life contexts. Make sure to pay close attention when a new word crops up—it could make all the difference in building up a solid vocabulary. 

2. The Best Podcasts for Learning Urdu

Are you convinced yet? Then let’s go over our list of the top Urdu podcasts! 

1. BBC Urdu Podcast

Level: Advanced

BBC Urdu is one of the most authentic Urdu podcasts when it comes to the truthfulness of the content as well as the pronunciation used. Listeners will get to hear an almost neutral Urdu accent in each episode, which will make comprehension easier. Since the BBC is a responsible and professional organization, it updates its content regularly. 

2.  Urdu Adab

Level: Advanced

The Urdu Adab podcast is a great resource for more advanced learners who love to read and explore Urdu-language literature. Due to its large listenership, this podcast is updated on a regular basis. 

3.  Urdu Daan

Level: Any

Urdu Daan is an Urdu podcast that presents multiple perspectives on a wide range of subjects, from philosophy and poetry to stardust. It tends to be suitable for learners of all levels, and it’s updated pretty frequently. 


Level: Beginner to Advanced

There’s nothing wrong with a little self-appreciation, right? 

UrduPod101 is the best Urdu learning podcast on the market, featuring unparalleled content and lesson materials. Our podcast is designed for learners at every level, from absolute beginner to advanced. Each lesson is created with the learner’s needs in mind and includes a variety of useful tools for a smoother listening experience: vocabulary lists, PDF lesson notes, and more. Better still, all of our content is made by real Urdu teachers! Create your free lifetime account today to get started. 

5.  Hamari Kainat

Level: Advanced

Here’s a good treat for astronomy geeks. This Urdu-language podcast is replete with fascinating information and discussion regarding astronomy, so you can expand your knowledge of the universe and pick up specialized Urdu vocabulary at the same time! 

6.  Mooroo Podcasts

Level: Any

This amazing Urdu podcast will put you in mind of a traditional talk show due to its interview format. However, it’s unique in that it’s quite casual, only loosely scripted, and full of fun and energy. In each episode, the host invites and interviews a new heart-throb celebrity.  

7.  CPS International

Level: Any

CPS International is an excellent Urdu podcast that discusses the teachings of Islam. If you’re a student of Theology or Comparative Religions, you shouldn’t miss it!

8.  RedCircle – The Lockdown Series (Urdu)

Level: Any

This podcast is pure heaven for story lovers. Whether you’re a storyteller, a story writer, or a story listener, this is the right podcast for you. The platform compiles different stories by writers of different sociocultural backgrounds and ethnicities in order to engage its lockdown-stricken audience during the pandemic. 

9.  Jiski Zuban Urdu Ki Tarah

Level: Any

Looking for a podcast that will significantly expand your vocabulary? You’ve found it! This Urdu podcast delves into the meanings of the words used in Pakistani and Indian songs, unpacking them in simple terms. Even if you’re a new Urdu learner who knows little about music, you’ll find something here that interests you.

10. Urdu Aaj Kal

Level: Any

This is an Urdu poetry podcast that aims to keep the Urdu poetic tradition going. The series invites modern poets to share their work as well as their views on the art of crafting poetry. Since poetry does not confine itself to a particular audience, age group, or time, truly anyone could enjoy this podcast. 

3. Tricks to Help You Learn Urdu More Effectively with Podcasts

Having discovered the best Urdu podcasts for language learning, you should now learn a few tricks and hacks for studying Urdu more efficiently with them. 

Choose the appropriate level.

The key factor here is choosing an Urdu podcast that’s suitable for your current level. In a sense, this gives you the home-field advantage when listening and helps secure your success in learning. Start by identifying your current level, and then find interesting podcasts that aren’t too high above that.

Level 1.1 Vocabulary

Focus on your goals. 

Do you want to learn a lot of new vocabulary? Would you prefer diving into specific grammar points or discovering more about Pakistani culture? Maybe you just want to listen passively to a podcast on a fascinating topic. In addition to choosing a podcast that matches your level, you should choose one that will help you meet your personal learning goals. 

Pick what interests you.

To keep your interest alive, pick podcasts that cover the fields and topics that interest you. This will keep you from suffering through monotonous lessons and help keep you motivated. Interest can do miracles for you and bring great results, as you’ll remain mentally ready to remove any hurdle from your path and reach your destination.

A Boy Learning a Language with the Help of a Podcast

Practice every day.

Who can challenge the authority of the adage “Practice makes perfect”? It remains relevant and practicable to date. Therefore, you should listen to your selected podcast regularly and practice the things that you’ve learned on a daily basis. The art of practice will make you a master Urdu learner and, eventually, an Urdu guru.

Explore multiple resources.

Never settle for a single resource. There are plenty of Urdu podcasts to pick and choose from, so take advantage of the variety! Otherwise, you’ll become bored and unable to retain information effectively. Exploring multiple resources will help provide you with numerous perspectives in different fields of knowledge, especially concerning the native people and their indigenous ways of living. 

Don’t give up.

Last but not least, never give up. Remain motivated at any cost so that you’ll have no option but to move forward. Such resoluteness will drive you towards your goals, and you’ll be able to cross the victory line with flying colors as a result. Keep going and never give up!

A Woman Lying Down in the Grass with Headphones on and a Smile on Her Face

4. Conclusion

In this article, you learned…

  • …how listening to podcasts in Urdu can help you master the language.
  • …which Urdu podcasts are best for learners of the language. 
  • …how you can make the most of podcasts to stay motivated and learn like a pro. 

We did our best to include a wide range of podcasts on our list, so you can find one to enjoy regardless of your age, interests, or current Urdu proficiency level. 

Now, are you ready to distinguish yourself from other Urdu learners? If yes, start your journey straight away by diving into your favorite Urdu podcasts. In case you have any questions or a podcast recommendation we didn’t include, let us know in the comments. We’ll get back to you at the earliest.

If you would like to continue learning Urdu with us, create your free lifetime account on today! We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources for students at every level. You’ll enjoy studying Urdu using our variety of video and audio lessons, free vocabulary lists, pronunciation and grammar guides, and so much more. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Must-know Urdu Phrases for Beginners


There’s a lot to be said for traditional language learning methods. But it can be argued that one of the best ways to learn a new language follows a slightly different path: picking up the most commonly used phrases, apart from grammar and vocabulary words. This is one of the fastest, easiest, and most effective ways to master the art of communication in any language—including Urdu! 

Multiple factors contribute to the usefulness of learning beginner Urdu phrases right from the start. For example, with traditional learning, many students fail to get over the hurdles of cut-and-dry grammar rules and lose motivation before they’ve even gotten started. But learning how to use set phrases has the opposite effect; it empowers the learner by giving them immediate tools they can apply to their daily life and allows for faster success. In addition, it’s a great way to boost the learner’s confidence and helps them really show their mettle when talking with native speakers! 

In this article, we’ll provide you with a list of basic Urdu phrases for beginners. We have included phrases for a variety of contexts and situations, so you can always be prepared—no matter what life throws at you.

Starting Point of a Running Track, Signifying the Beginning of Something
Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Greetings and Self-introductions
  2. Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions
  3. Dining and Shopping Phrases
  4. Asking for Help
  5. Conclusion

1. Greetings and Self-introductions

In nearly every culture, you need icebreakers in order to start a potential conversation. This is certainly true in Pakistan, where direct and abrupt communication goes against the norm. Therefore, it’s quite necessary to beef up your vocabulary with some basic Urdu greetings and phrases for self-introduction. 

Following are some highly useful Urdu greetings and self-introduction phrases that will melt the ice and prepare the grounds for future interactions in Urdu. 

If you’re the one starting the conversation, use the following phrase:

  • السّلامُ علیکم (Assalam-u-alaikum.) – Hello.

And if someone has already initiated the conversation, you can always respond with this phrase:

  • وعلیکم السّلام (Waalaikum-uss-salaam.) – Hello.
A Young Man Waving His Left Hand to Say Hello

Below are some greeting phrases to be used at specific times of day: 

  • صبح بخیر (Subah bakhair.) – Good morning.
  • سہ پہر بخیر (Seh pehar bakhair.) – Good afternoon.
  • شب بخیر (Shab bakhair.) – Goodnight.

If you’d like to enquire about the other person’s well-being, use the following structure:

  • آپ کیسے ہیں؟ (Aap kaisay hain?) – How are you?

And a suitable response: 

  • میں بخیریت ہوں۔ (Mei bakhairiyat hun.) – I am fine.

Now, here’s how you would ask for someone’s name in Urdu or give your own:

  • آپ کا نام کیا ہے؟ (Aap ka naam kia hai?) – What is your name?
  • میرا نام احمد ہے۔ (Mera naam Ahmad hai.) – My name is Ahmad.

You can always express your pleasure in meeting someone with the following sentence:

  • آپ سے مِل کر اچھا لگا۔ (Aap say mil ker acha laga.) – Nice to meet you.
Two Businessmen Shaking Hands and Giving the Gesture of Nice to meet You

When you’re first meeting someone in Pakistan, they may be curious to know where you’re visiting from, and you may want to know where they originate from as well. 

  • آپ کہاں رہتے ہیں؟ (Aap kahan rehtay hain?) – Where do you live?
  • میں لاہور میں رہتا ہوں۔ (Mei Lahore mein rehta hun.) – I live in Lahore.

Do you want to stretch your conversation a bit further? Then you can ask about their occupation or start talking about your own

  • آپ کیا کرتے ہیں؟ (Aap kia kertay hain?) – What do you do?
  • میں ایک استاد ہوں۔ (Mei aik ustaad hun.) – I am a teacher.

2. Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions

Remember that being courteous and showing proper etiquette in Pakistan is key to successful and fruitful communication. However, also keep in mind that many Urdu speakers prefer to be frank in their dialogue with close friends and family. A good rule of thumb is to be courteous to others, only crossing the line into “frankness” once you’ve been invited into the person’s close friend circle. 

Let’s begin this list of polite beginner Urdu phrases with the two most important words in any language: “please” and “thank you.” They’re called the “magic words” for a reason! 

  • براہِ مہربانی (Barah-e-meharbani.) – Please.
  • شکریہ (Shukriah.) – Thank you.

Pakistani people will have more respect for you if you have the moral courage to accept your mistakes and apologize; they have big hearts in this regard. Below are a couple of phrases you could use to apologize and excuse yourself in Urdu.

  • معافی چاہتا / چاہتی ہوں۔ (Maafi chahta / chahti hun.) – I am sorry.
  • گستاخی معاف (Gustakhi maaf.) – Excuse me.

Finally, here are some courtesy phrases that you could use in a variety of situations: departing from others, accepting an apology, etc. 

  • پِھر ملتے ہیں۔ (Phir miltay hain.) – See you again.
  • کوئی بات نہیں۔ (Koi baat nahin.) – No problem.
  • ٹھیک ہے۔ (Theek hai.) – It’s alright.
  • گھبرائیں نہیں۔ (Ghabrain nahin.) – Don’t worry.
  • اپنا خیال رکھیں۔ (Apna khayal rakhain.) – Take care of yourself.

One Young Girl Gesturing to Say Don’t Worry to Another

3. Dining and Shopping Phrases

Can you remember the last time you went on vacation abroad and didn’t shop for souvenirs or enjoy the local cuisine? These activities hold ceremonial significance when visiting a foreign country, so it’s a good idea to learn some simple Urdu phrases that will help you navigate local shops and restaurants while in Pakistan. 

If you want to offer someone food or let them know you’re hungry, use the following expressions:

  • کیا آپ کچھ کھائیں گے؟ (Kia aap kuch khayain gay?) – Will you eat something?
  • مجھے بھوک لگی ہے۔ (Mujhay bhook lagi hai.) – I am hungry.

You can use the following expressions to flaunt your knowledge of the Urdu language while visiting a Pakistani restaurant: 

  • براہِ مہربانی، مینو لائیں۔ (Barah-e-meharbani menu layain.) – Please, bring the menu.
  • یہاں کی خاص ڈش کیا ہے؟ (Yahan ki khaas dish kia hai?) – What is the specialty here?
  • میں پہلے ہی کھانا کھا چکا ہوں۔ (Mei pehlay he khana kha chukka hun.) – I have already eaten.

Now, let’s go shopping. Here are phrases you can use to express your needs, test your bargaining skills, and more. 

  • مجھے جوتے خریدنے ہیں۔ (Mujhay jootay khareednay hain.) – I need to buy shoes.
  • کیا اس پر کوئی رعایت ہے؟ (Kia iss per koi reaayat hai?) – Is there any discount on it?
  • یہ کتنے کا / کی ہے؟ (Yeh kitnay ka / ki hai?) – How much does it cost?
  • کیا آپ کریڈٹ کارڈز قبول کرتے ہیں؟ (Kia aap credit cards qabool kertay hain?) – Do you accept credit cards?
  • یہ میری پہنچ سے باہر ہے۔ (Yeh meri pohanch say bahir hai.) – It’s beyond my reach.

A Lady Showing Concern about the Cost of Something

4. Asking for Help

Pakistani people are quite cooperative, so feel free to ask for help when you need it. You can also extend a helping hand to others if you find yourself in a position to do so. 

Here’s how you can ask for help in Urdu: 

  • کیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں؟ (Kia aap meri madad ker saktay hain?) – Can you help me?

The following set of expressions can help you ask for directions:

  • گستاخی معاف، بس سٹاپ کدھر ہے؟ (Gustakhi maaf, bus stop kidhar hai?) – Excuse me, where is the bus stop?
  • بیت الخلاء کہاں ہے؟ (Bait-ul-khala kahan hai?) – Where is the bathroom?
  • کیا آپ مجھے ہوٹل کا راستہ بتا سکتے ہیں؟ (Kia aap mujhay hotel ka rastah bata saktay hain?) – Can you tell me the way to the hotel?

Need to grab someone’s attention? Use this phrase:

  • براہِ مہربانی، میری بات سنیں۔ (Barah-e-meharbani meri baat sunain.) – Please, listen to me.

If you’re at an office, you can use these phrases to ask about job availability or to speak with the manager.

  • مجھے نوکری چاہیے۔ (Mujhay naukari chahiye.) – I need a job.
  • کیا میں مینیجر سے مِل سکتا ہوں؟ (Kia mei manager say mil sakta hun?) – May I see the manager?

Want to learn Urdu from a native speaker? Ask for help like this:

  • کیا آپ مجھے اردو سکھا سکتے ہیں؟ (Kia aap mujhay Urdu sikha saktay hain?) – Can you teach me Urdu?

A couple more useful beginner Urdu phrases for you: 

  • میں مصیبت میں ہوں۔ (Mei museebat mein hun.) – I am in trouble.
  • کیا آپ مجھے ریلوے سٹیش پر چھوڑ سکتے ہیں؟ (Kia aap mujhay railway station per chor saktay hain?) – Can you drop me at the railway station?

A Mountain Climber Extending a Helping Hand to Someone

5. Conclusion

In this article, you’ve learned a number of basic Urdu-language phrases for beginners. We recommend either revisiting this page often or writing the phrases down for further review; this will help you really retain everything we covered and get you to the next level faster. 

Do you feel prepared to pick and use these simple Urdu phrases in your daily life? In any case, don’t hesitate to share your thoughts with us at We’ll get back to you as soon as possible to address your questions, because you matter to us.

If you enjoyed this article and would like to continue learning with us, create your free lifetime account today and get started with our Level 1 Urdu lesson pathway. You can also take advantage of our free vocabulary lists, our Urdu-English dictionary, and our pronunciation and grammar guides. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Beef Up Your Vocabulary with Some Advanced Urdu Words


Words symbolize our thoughts and emotions so that we can express them to others. However, the more complex these ideas are, the more difficult they become to communicate. This is where we can clearly see the importance of having a strong vocabulary, one that is stocked with plenty of words that convey subtle nuances in meaning.

Being equipped with a variety of advanced Urdu words will help you find greater success and acceptance in Pakistani society. After all, native Urdu speakers like to use appropriately embellished language and appreciate when foreigners can do the same.

In this article, will provide you with a list of essential advanced Urdu words to help you beef up your existing lexicon. Using these advanced Urdu vocabulary words will help you express yourself with greater clarity and open up new vistas for your triumph in specific fields.

A Young Kid with a Mortarboard and a Book, Signifying Movement Towards an Advanced Level

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Academic Words
  2. Advanced Business Words
  3. Advanced Medical Words
  4. Advanced Legal Words
  5. Alternative Words for Acing Urdu Proficiency Tests and Writing Assignments
  6. Conclusion

1. Advanced Academic Words

The Urdu language is replete with academic vocabulary. Learning these more advanced Urdu words will provide you with innumerable chances to excel in the world of academia. In particular, you’ll find these words useful when it comes to reading and comprehending the masterpieces of Urdu literature. They’ll also help you discuss written works with fellow students and write compelling essays. Ultimately, familiarity with this set of vocabulary is sure to increase your understanding of Pakistani society as a whole.

Some Bookshelves Loaded with Books, Symbolizing Academia


  • رہنمائی کرنا (rehnumai kerna) – to lead
  • تمہید باندھنا (tamheed bandhna) – to preamble
  • دلائل دینا (dalayal dena) – to argue
  • بحث کرنا (behas kerna) – to debate
  • قیاس کرنا (qayas kerna) – to infer
  • تخمینہ لگانا (takhmeenah lagana) – to assess
  • نتیجہ اخذ کرنا (nateejah akhaz kerna) – to conclude
  • وثوق سے کہنا (wasooq say kehna) – to assert
  • تردید کرنا (tardeed kerna) – to negate
  • تصدیق کرنا (tasdeeq kerna) – to validate
  • خلاصہ کرنا (khulasah kerna) – to summarize
  • جائزہ لینا (jaiza lena) – to review

Example sentence: 

اس نے اپنے ہی بیان کی تردید کی۔
Uss nay apnay he byaan ki tardeed ki.
He negated his own statement.


  • تلخیص نگاری (talkhees nigari) – precis writing
  • مضمون نویسی (mazmoon naveesi) – essay writing
  • املاء (imla) – dictation
  • ذخیرۂ الفاظ (zakheera-e-alfaaz) – vocabulary
  • درستی (durusti) – correction
  • مقالہ (maqalah) – article
  • مباحثہ (mabahsah) – debate
  • مکالمہ (makalmah) – dialogue
  • خلاصہ (khulasah) – summary
  • مبہم (mubham) – ambiguous
  • تنازعہ (tanazaah) – controversy

Example Sentence: 

تلخیص نگاری گرامر کی درستی میں مددگار ہوتی ہے۔
Talkhees nigari grammar ki durusti mein madadgaar hoti hai.
Precis writing is helpful in the correction of grammar.


  • ٹھیک طریقے سے (theek tareeqay say) – precisely
  • یقیناً (yaqeenan) – certainly
  • مطلقاً (mutliqan) – absolutely
  • حرف بہ حرف (harf ba harf) – literally
  • محاورتاً (mahavaratan) – proverbially
  • عزم و استقلال سے (azm-o-istaqlal say) – resolutely

Example Sentence:

اس نے ٹھیک طریقے سے سوال کا جواب دیا۔
Uss nay theek tareeqay say sawaal ka jawaab diya.
He answered the question precisely.

2. Advanced Business Words

In the business world, we often make use of a lingua franca to ensure effective communication between parties. While this may suffice for discussing and executing business matters, remember that leaders always lead from the front. This means that the best way to set yourself apart from the crowd is to learn—and start using—advanced Urdu vocabulary related to the business world. This is especially true if you’re an entrepreneur who wants to make a name for yourself in this country of ample opportunity.

There is great fortune to be made in Pakistan, so you should certainly consider exploring the numerous business opportunities available here. You’ll find an active and well-developed Pakistani business community with an established code of ethics and principles guided by the Pakistan Business Council. Therefore, if you’re a leader or want to become one, the following list of advanced Urdu business words will get you far.

An Image of the Pakistani Flag and Coins, Signifying Business Prospects in Pakistan


  • معاہدہ (muahidah) – contract
  • طویل المیعادی معاہدہ (taveel-ul-meeadi muahidah) – long-term contract
  • شرحِ سود (sharhe sood) – interest rate
  • انسانی وسائل (human resources) – human resources
  • دیوالیہ پن (diwaliah pun) – bankruptcy
  • ملازمت (mulazmat) – employment / job
  • ملازم (mulazim) – employee
  • مالک (maalik) – employer
  • مرکزی دفتر (markazi daftar) – head office
  • دفتر (daftar) – office
  • اثاثہ (asasah) – asset
  • منافع (munafa) – profit
  • نقصان (nuqsaan) – loss
  • کاروبار (karobar) – business
  • کاروباری دورہ (karobari dorah) – business tour


  • ادا کرنا (ada kerna) – to pay
  • تلافی کرنا (talafi kerna) – to compensate
  • درخواست دینا (darkhwast dena) – to apply
  • استعفٰی دینا (istifa dena) – to resign
  • ملازمت پر رکھنا (mulazmat par rakhna) – to employ
  • برخاست کرنا (barkhwast kerna) – to dismiss


  • مستقل (mustaqil) – permanent

A Businessman Shaking Hands with a Client

3. Advanced Medical Words

Before visiting a foreign country, it’s imperative to learn some fundamental health-related words and phrases so that you can cope with any medical emergency that might pop up. If you’re an advanced Urdu learner, picking up these advanced words will allow you to converse with medical consultants and get your desired results in any medical situation. Knowing the Pakistani healthcare system would be an added advantage in such scenarios. 

Memorize the following list of unavoidable medical terms to surprise native speakers and to find yourself at an advantage.


  • وبا (waba) – epidemic
  • عالمی وبا (almi waba) – pandemic
  • دوائی (dawae) – medicine
  • علاج (ilaaj) – treatment
  • فشارِ خون (fishaar-e-khoon) – blood pressure
  • دل کا دورہ (dil ka dorah) – heart attack
  • قوّتِ مدافعت (quwwat-e-mudafiat) – immunity
  • نظامِ مدافعت (nizaam-e-mudafiat) – immune system
  • خون (khoon) – blood
  • خون بہنا (khoon behna) – bleeding
  • نسخۂ ادویات (nuskha-e-adwiyat) – prescription
  • نزلہ زکام (nazlah zukaam) – flu
  • ماہواری (mahwari) – menstruation
  • خارش (kharish) – itching
  • دندان ساز (dandaan saaz) – dentist


  • بیہوشی دینا (behoshi dena) – to anesthetize


  • چھوتی (chooti) – contagious

A Female Pharmacist Performing Her Duties in a Pharmacy

4. Advanced Legal Words

Though unlikely, you may find yourself in need of legal assistance while in Pakistan. While you’re not required to have extensive knowledge of Pakistani law, we recommend you get acquainted with some useful legal words, terms, and phrases in Urdu. Once you gain proficiency in using them, you’ll be better placed to deal with most situations concerning the Pakistani penal and civil code.

You should also become familiar with the rule of law. The Pakistani judicial system is a strong one, and Pakistani courts are also famous for their judicial activism. 

Now, let us move on to our list of essential legal words in Urdu without any further delay.


  • قانونی حراست (qanooni hirasat) – legal custody
  • پولیس کی حراست (police ki hirasat) – police custody
  • ضمانت (zamanat) – bail
  • مجرمانہ ریکارڈ (mujrimanah record) – criminal record
  • تحریری ثبوت (tahreeri sabot) – written proof
  • عدلیہ (adliah) – judiciary
  • عدالتی نظام (adalti nizaam) – judicial system
  • پروانۂ طلبی (parwanah-e-talbi) – summon
  • قانونی کاروائی (qanooni karwai) – legal proceeding
  • طبّی قانون (tibbi qanoon) – medicolegal
  • مستغیث (mustagees) – prosecutor
  • استغاثہ (istaghasah) – prosecution
  • پولیس (police) – police
  • تھانہ (thanah) – police station
  • وکیل (wakeel) – advocate
  • مجرم (mujrim) – criminal
  • جرم (jurm) – crime
  • حراست (hirasat) – custody
  • التجا (iltija) – appeal


  • مقدمہ چلانا (maqadmah chalana) – to prosecute


  • ناقابلِ ضمانت (na kabil e zamanat) – unbailable
  • جوابدہ (jawabdeh) – liable

An Image of a Gavel and Legal Books, Signifying the Judicial System

5. Alternative Words for Acing Urdu Proficiency Tests and Writing Assignments

One of the easiest ways to distinguish between a new Urdu learner and an experienced one is by the vocabulary they use. Now that you have achieved excellence in the beginner and intermediate levels of Urdu, it’s time to replace some of those basic words with their more sophisticated counterparts. 

Doing so will reflect your deep knowledge and mastery of the Urdu language, not to mention earn you a special place in the eyes of your teachers and interlocutors. This approach is also key to scoring well on all sorts of written and spoken examinations across Pakistan. 

In the following section, you will see several sets of two words. The first word is basic and used in casual conversations. If you replace it with the second one, it will greatly embellish your Urdu writing and speaking.

  • ابتداء کرنا / شروع کرنا (ibtida kerna / shuru kerna) – to start
  • انتہا کرنا / ختم کرنا (inteha kerna / khatam kerna) – to end
  • بولنا / مخاطب کرنا (bolna / mukhatib kerna) – to speak
  • دینا / عنایت کرنا (dena / inayat kerna) – to give
  • کھونا / محروم ہونا (khona / mehroom hona) – to lose
  • توڑنا / منقطع کرنا (torna / muqata kerna) – to break

  • سچّا / راست گو (saccha / raast go) – truthful
  • جھوٹا / دروغ گو (jhoota / darogh go) – liar
  • ضروری / لازم (zaroori / lazim) – necessary
  • مفید / کارآمد (mufeed / karaamad) – useful
  • ناقابلِ برداشت / غیر متحمّل (naqabil-e-bardasht / ghair muthammil) – unbearable
  • مناسب / موزوں (munasib / mozoon) – proper

  • ابھی ابھی / حال ہی میں (abhi abhi / haal he mein) – recently
  • تہذیب سے / شائستگی سے (tehzeeb say / shaistgi say) – politely
  • غصّے سے / برہمی سے (ghussay say / barhami say) – angrily
  • پیار سے / اُلفت سے (pyaar say / ulfat say) – lovingly
  • خوشی سے / رضامندی سے (khushi say / raza mandi say) – willingly
  • سکون سے / اطمینان سے (sukoon say / itmenaan say) – calmly

6. Conclusion

This article has helped you learn several advanced words in the Urdu language. It has also provided you with an advanced Urdu vocabulary list that you can refer back to as often as you’d like. 

Now, are you ready to benefit from this guide and achieve your goals? Or do you think that something is missing? In case of any further questions, do write to us at We’ll get back to you at the earliest to address your concerns.

In the meantime, don’t forget to explore We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources and practical tools, such as this Urdu-English dictionary. You’ll also find guides on Urdu pronunciation and grammar, in addition to a number of free vocabulary lists

Not sure where to start? We recommend heading over to our advanced Urdu course, which contains 25 curated lessons designed just for advanced learners like yourself. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Learn How to Have Impactful Urdu Phone Conversations


Try finding just one person who has not been affected by the telecommunication industry in some way. 

Nowadays, nearly everyone has a mobile phone. While messages sent over SMS and social media make up a large portion of our communication, phone calls are still a crucial aspect of everyday life. Making appointments, ordering pizza, discussing business with a client…all of these things are traditionally done over the phone. 

As a foreigner in Pakistan, one of the most important things you’ll learn is how to hold an Urdu phone conversation. By learning how to communicate effectively over the phone, you’ll be more likely to achieve your desired results and leave a positive impression on the other party. 

That said, we know how difficult phone calls can be—even in your own language! 

To make things a little easier for you, we’ve compiled a list of the most indispensable Urdu phone call phrases for each part of a typical conversation. We’ll also give you some tips on how to make the most of your phone call and provide you with sample conversations where you can see these phrases in action. 

Let’s get right to it.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Must-Know Urdu Phone Vocabulary
  2. Dialing or Picking up the Phone
  3. Saying Who You Are
  4. Stating the Reason for Your Call
  5. Asking to Speak to Someone
  6. Asking Someone to Wait
  7. Leaving a Message
  8. Asking for Clarification
  9. Ending the Phone Call
  10. Conclusion

1. Must-Know Urdu Phone Vocabulary

Before we get ahead of ourselves, let’s go over a brief list of essential Urdu phone vocabulary. Becoming familiar with these Urdu phone words and phrases will prove useful as you march ahead.

  • فون (fone) – phone
  • موبائل فون (mobile fone) – mobile phone
  • پیغام (paighaam) – message / text message
  • بیٹری (battery) – battery
  • چارجر (charger) – charger
  • موبائل سکرین (mobile screen) – mobile screen
  • رنگ ٹون (ringtone) – ringtone
  • فون نمبر (fone number) – phone number
  • کال کرنا (call kerna) – to make a phone call
  • واپسی کال کرنا (wapsi call kerna) – to call back
  • نمبر ملانا (number milana) – to dial a number
  • فون اٹھانا (fone uthana) – to pick up the phone
  • فون رکھنا (fone rakhna) – to hang up
  • پیغام چھوڑنا (paigham chorna) – to leave a message

2. Dialing or Picking up the Phone

A smart start will always save you time and effort. In this case, that means beginning your phone call with an appropriate greeting. 


ہیلو (hello) is a common Urdu phone greeting that you can always use to start a conversation, whether you’re the caller or the receiver. 

السلام علیکم 

السلام علیکم (assalam-u-alaikum) is another phrase that can be used by either the caller or the receiver.

وعلیکم السلام 
Peace be upon you as well.

Be mindful about using وعلیکم السلام  (wa-alaikum-us-salam) during your conversation; it should only be used as a response to the previous greeting, السلام علیکم (assalam-u-alaikum).

جی کون؟ 
(Ji kaun?
Who is it?

This is an informal way of picking up the phone, used to inquire about the identity of the caller. 

جی، میں سن رہا/رہی ہوں۔ 
(Ji, mei sun raha/rahi hun.
Yes, I am listening.

You can always include this sentence in your greeting to assure the caller that you’re available to talk and can hear them well. 

Male speakers can use جی میں سن رہا ہوں۔ (Ji, mei sun raha hun) and female speakers can use جی میں سن رہی ہوں۔ (Ji, mei sun rahi hun).

میں آپ کی کیا مدد کر سکتا/سکتی ہوں؟ 
(Mei aap ki kia madad ker sakta/sakti hun?
How may I help you?

This is a formal way to pick up the phone in Urdu, most often used by receptionists and phone operators. 

Male speakers would say میں آپ کی کیا مدد کر سکتا ہوں؟ (Mei aap ki kia madad ker sakta hun?) and female speakers would say میں آپ کی کیا مدد کر سکتی ہوں؟ (Mei aap ki kia madad ker sakti hun?).

    → Visit our blog post How to Say Hello in Urdu to learn even more useful vocabulary and to gain additional cultural insights!

A Team of Customer Service Representatives Helping Callers

3. Saying Who You Are

Once you’ve greeted the other party, it’s expected that you introduce yourself. 

A male speaker can use the following sentence to introduce himself; simply fill the blank space with your name.

میں ــــــــــ بات کر رہا ہوں۔ 
(Mei ____ baat ker raha hun.
It’s _____.

A female can use the same sentence pattern by making the following modifications.

میں ــــــــــ بات کر رہی ہوں۔ 
(Mei ____ baat ker rahi hun.
It’s _____.

This next phrase pattern can be used by both male and female speakers:

میرا نام ـــــــ ہے۔ 
(Mera naam ____ hai.
My name is _____.

4. Stating the Reason for Your Call

Below, you’ll find a few Urdu phone call phrases you can use to let the other party know why you’re calling. This might be the most important part of your conversation, so learn these phrases well! 

میں ایک ملاقات کے لئے وقت مقرر کرنا چاہتا/چاہتی ہوں۔
(Mei aik mulaqat kay liye waqt muqarrar kerna chahta/chahti hun.)
I want to make an appointment.

Male speakers will use چاہتا ہوں (chahta hun), while female speakers will use the form چاہتی ہوں (chahti hun).

A Working Man Writing Something on Paper, Probably Fixing an Appointment

آپ نے تھوڑی دیر پہلے مجھے کال کی تھی
(Aap nay thori der pehlay mujhay call ki thi.)
You called me a little while ago.

مجھے ایک پیغام موصول ہوا اس لئے میں کال کر رہا/رہی ہوں۔
(Muhjay aik paigham mosool hua iss liye mei call ker raha/rahi hun.)
I received a message, so I am calling.

Male speakers will use رہا ہوں (raha hun), while female speakers will use the form رہی ہوں (rahi hun).

5. Asking to Speak to Someone

If you’re calling a business, company, or office, you may first speak to a receptionist or telephone exchange operator. In this case, you can use one of the following sentence patterns to ask the receiver if you can be connected to the right person. Just fill the blank spaces with the name (and job title, if required) of the person you’re seeking. 

میں ــــــ سے بات کرنا چاہتا/چاہتی ہوں۔ 
(Mei ___ say baat kerna chahta/chahti hun.
I want to talk to ___.

Here, male speakers will use چاہتا ہوں (chahta hun) and female speakers will use چاہتی ہوں (chahti hun).

کیا میں ــــــ سے بات کرسکتا/سکتی ہوں۔ 
(Kia mei ___ say baat ker sakta/sakti hun.
Can I talk to ___.

Again, note the appropriate forms for each gender: Male speakers will use سکتا ہوں (sakta hun) and female speakers will use سکتی ہوں (sakti hun).

کیا آپ میری کال ــــــ کو ٹرانسفر کر سکتے ہیں؟ 
(Kia aap meri call ___ ko transfer ker saktay hain?
Could you please transfer my call to ___? 

The sentence above can be used by both male and female speakers. Nevertheless, the speaker must keep in mind the gender of the listener. If the listener is male, the speaker will use سکتے ہیں (saktay hain) at the end of the sentence; if the listener is female, the speaker will use سکتی ہیں (sakti hain).

A Businessman Talking to Someone on a Hands-free Device

6. Asking Someone to Wait

If you happen to be the receiver of the call, you may have to request that the other party wait while you transfer them or gather information. Here are a few phrases you can use to do this: 

کیا آپ تھوڑی دیر کے لئے میرے ساتھ لائن پر رہ سکتے ہیں۔
(Kia aap thori der kay liye meray sath line per reh saktay hain?)
Can you stay on the line with me for a short while?

براہِ مہربانی، تھوڑی دیر انتظار کیجئے۔
(Barah-e-meharbani thori der intezar kijiye.)
Please, wait for a while.

کیا آپ انتظار کرنا پسند کریں گے/گی؟
(Kia aap intezaar kerna pasand karain gay/gi?)
Would you like to wait?

If the other party is male, you’ll use کریں گے (karain gay); if they’re female, you’ll use کریں گی (karain gi).

A Working Woman Multitasking while Talking on the Phone

7. Leaving a Message

In case you’re unable to reach the person you wanted to speak with, you should be able to leave a message for them. Here are a few Urdu phone phrases you can use to do this: 

براہِ مہربانی، ان سے کہئیے گا کہ مجھے کال کریں۔
(Barah-e-meharbani, unn say kehiye ga ka mujhay call karain.)
Please, ask him to call me.

مہربانی فرما کر، ان کو بتائیے گا کہ میں نے ان کے لیے کال کی تھی۔
(Meharbani ferma ker, unn ko batayie ga kay ma nay un kay liye call ki thi.)
Please, tell him that I called.

8. Asking for Clarification

As a foreigner, you’ll experience your fair share of communication difficulties when making or receiving a phone call in Urdu. If you’re unable to understand the other person due to a bad connection, background noise, or a lack of sufficient Urdu comprehension practice, you can ask for clarification or repetition using one of these phrases: 

 معاف کیجئے، کیا آپ اپنی بات دوہرا سکتے/سکتی ہیں؟
(Maaf kijiye, kia aap apni baat dohra saktay/sakti hain?)
Sorry, could you please repeat what you said?

معافی چاہتا/چاہتی ہوں، میں آپ کی آواز نہیں سن پا رہا/رہی۔
(Maafi chahta/chahti hun, mei aap ki aawaz nahin sun pa raha/rahi.)
Sorry, I can’t hear you.

9. Ending the Phone Call

A proper farewell is just as important as a proper greeting. Let’s look at some phrases you can use to end a call in Urdu: 

کیا میں آپ کی مزید کچھ مدد کر سکتا/سکتی ہوں؟
(Kia mei aap ki mazeed kuch madad ker sakta/sakti hun?)
Can I help you with anything else?

If you’re male, you will say سکتا ہوں (sakta hun); if you’re female, you will say سکتی ہوں (sakti hun).

آپ کی مدد کا شکریہ۔
(Aap ki madad ka shukria.)
Thank you for your help.

خدا حافظ
(Khuda hafiz.)

A Cheerful Female Secretary Talking on the Phone and being Thankful

10. Conclusion

In this article, you’ve learned how to talk on the phone in Pakistan using some of the most frequently used Urdu phone call words and phrases. You should now be more confident about making or receiving a phone call in Urdu, but let us know in the comments if you have any questions or want to learn additional phone phrases. 

If you feel like you need to study this topic further, create your free lifetime account on and explore our vast lesson library! For example:

Still hungry for more Urdu knowledge? 

We provide tons of free vocabulary lists, audio and video lessons for every level, grammar and pronunciation tips, and a variety of additional resources (such as this Urdu dictionary). It’s our goal to make your Urdu studies both fun and effective, and we provide only the highest-quality lessons and study materials. 

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Begin to Win: A List of Basic Urdu Words for Beginners


Did you know that the Urdu language contains over 264,000 words?

As a beginner in Urdu, you might find that number intimidating. But don’t fret! Even native Urdu speakers know and use only a fraction of these words. 

The most important thing at this stage of your learning journey is that you pick up the essentials. If you’re not sure where to start, this list of basic Urdu words for beginners is a solid option. We’ve hand-picked the words here to reflect what you’re most likely to hear and find use for while in Pakistan. 

Whether you’re studying, working, or just exploring this beautiful country, memorizing these words will help you find acceptability among native speakers. You’ll also gain more confidence in your language ability as you begin using these words on a daily basis and learn how to form your own sentences. 

Let’s get started, shall we?

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Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Pronouns
  2. Numbers
  3. Nouns
  4. Verbs
  5. Adjectives
  6. Conjunctions
  7. Others
  8. Conclusion

1. Pronouns

It’s a good idea to memorize the pronouns early on. This will allow you to talk about yourself, others, objects, places, and more—even if you’re struggling to remember a name or a specific word. 

Personal Pronouns

Let’s have a look at the must-know personal pronouns in Urdu. To get deeper insight on the topic, don’t forget to visit our article about Urdu pronouns on

  • میں (mei) – I
  • ہم (hum) – we
  • آپ (aap) – you [formal]
  • تم (tum) – you [informal]
  • وہ (woh) – he / she
  • ہم (hum) – we
  • وہ (woh) – they

Impersonal Pronoun

In the Urdu language, we have one impersonal pronoun: یہ (yeh). This word is used to refer to an unclear subject.

  • یہ (yeh) – it

Interrogative Pronouns

These pronouns are used to ask questions, so learning them early on will definitely prove useful. 

  • کون (kon) – who
  • کہاں (kahan) – where
  • کب (kab) – when
  • کیا (kia) – what
  • کیوں (kyun) – why
  • کون سا (kaun sa) – which

A Sketch of a Human Head Filled with Question Marks

Indefinite Pronouns

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to unspecified people, objects, places, etc. Here are the most frequently used ones in Urdu: 

  • کوئی (koi) – somebody
  • کوئی نہیں (koi nahin) – nobody
  • ہر کوئی (har koi) – everybody
  • کوئی بھی (koi bhi) – anyone / anybody
  • کچھ چیز (kuch cheez) – something
  • کچھ نہیں (kuch nahin) – nothing
  • هر چیز (har cheez) – everything

2. Numbers

There are numerous real-life situations where numbers do matter. This is why Urdu beginners should make sure to memorize the basic numbers as soon as possible. To give you a headstart, here are the numbers 0-10 in Urdu: 

  • صفر (sifar) – zero
  • ایک (aik) – one
  • دو (dou) – two
  • تین (teen) – three
  • چار (chaar) – four
  • پانچ (paanch) – five
  • چھ (chey) – six
  • سات (saath) – seven
  • آٹھ (aat) – eight
  • نو (nau) – nine
  • دس (dus) – ten

Colorful Numbers from 1 to 5

3. Nouns

Before heading to our list, keep in mind that every noun in Urdu has a grammatical gender assigned to it. When you’re ready, you can learn more about this and pick up additional nouns in our dedicated article on For now, though, let’s just look at the most useful Urdu nouns for beginners. 


  • ایک گھنٹہ (aik ghanta) – one hour
  • ایک منٹ (aik minute) – one minute
  • ایک دن (aik din) – one day
  • ایک سال (aik saal) – one year
  • ایک مہینہ (aik mahina) – one month
  • ایک سیکنڈ (aik second) – one second
  • ایک ہفتہ (aik hafta) – one week
  • ایک صدی (aik sadi) – one century
  • صبح (subah) – morning
  • دوپہر (dopahar) – noon
  • سہ پہر (sepehar) – afternoon
  • شام (shaam) – evening
  • رات (raat) – night

It will also be useful to know the days of the week in Urdu:

  • پیر (peer) – Monday
  • منگل (mangal) – Tuesday
  • بدھ (budh) – Wednesday
  • جمعرات (jumeraat) – Thursday
  • جمعہ (jummah) – Friday
  • ہفتہ (haftah) – Saturday
  • اتوار (itwar) – Sunday


  • والد (walid) – father
  • والدہ (walidah) – mother
  • باپ (baap) – father
  • ماں (maa) – mother
  • مرد (mard) – man
  • عورت (aurat) – woman
  • شوہر (shoher) – husband
  • بیوی (bivi) – wife
  • خاندان (khandan) – family
  • بہن (behan) – sister
  • بھائی (bhai) – brother
  • بیٹی (beti) – daughter
  • بیٹا (beta) – son
  • دوست (dost) – friend


  • دنیا (dunya) – world
  • ملک (mulk) – country
  • جگہ (jagah) – place
  • دکان (dukan) – shop
  • شہر (shehar) – city
  • گاؤں (gaon) – village
  • جنگل (jungle) – jungle
  • پہاڑ (pahar) – mountain
  • سمندر (samundar) – sea


  • طالبِ علم (talib-e-ilm) – student
  • سکول (school) – school
  • استاد (ustaad) – teacher
  • کتاب (kitab) – book
  • بستہ (bastah) – bag
  • قلم (qalam) – pen
  • پڑھائی (parhai) – study
  • تعلیم (taleem) – education
  • سیاہی (siyahi) – ink
  • دوات (dawaat) – inkpot
  • کاغذ (kaghaz) – paper

A Few School Supplies Arranged on a Table

Body Parts

  • جسم (jism) – body
  • سر (sir) – head
  • بال (baal) – hair
  • کان (kaan) – ear
  • پیشانی (paishani) – forehead
  • آنکھیں (aankhain) – eyes
  • ہونٹ (hont) – lips
  • ٹھوڑی (torhi) – chin
  • گردن (gardan) – neck
  • سینہ (seena) – chest
  • بازو (bazoo) – arm
  • ہاتھ (haath) – hands
  • انگلیاں (unglian) – fingers
  • ناک (naak) – nose
  • ٹانگیں (taangain) – legs
  • پاؤں (paon) – foot
  • گال (gaal) – cheek
  • کلائی (kalai) – wrist
  • ہتھیلی (hatheli) – palm
  • ناخن (nakhun) – nail
  • ہڈی (haddi) – bone
  • کندها (kandha) – shoulder
  • کہنی (kohni) – elbow
  • پیٹ (pait) – belly
  • دل (dil) – heart
  • جگر (jigar) – liver
  • زبان (zuban) – tongue
  • گلا (gala) – throat
  • ران (raan) – thigh
  • گھٹنا (ghutna) – knee
  • پنڈلی (paindli) – shin
  • ٹخنہ (takhnah) – ankle

A Picture of a Waist and Abdomen

Food & Dining

  • پھل (phal) – fruits
  • سبزیاں (sabzian) – vegetables
  • میز (maiz) – table
  • کھانا (khana) – food
  • پانی (paani) – water
  • چائے (chai) – tea
  • گلاس (glass) – glass

Food Items Arranged on a Table

4. Verbs

Verbs are another essential category of words in Urdu for beginners. These words describe actions or states of being, which are a key component of every sentence. 

Below, you’ll find a list of some frequently used Urdu verbs. But if you’d like to learn even more, make sure to check out our comprehensive articles on Urdu verbs and verb conjugation

  • کرنا (karna) – to do
  • کھانا (khana) – to eat
  • سونا (sona) – to sleep
  • جاگنا (jagna) – to wake up
  • بولنا (bolna) – to speak
  • محبت کرنا (mohabbat karna) – to love
  • پسند کرنا (pasand karna) – to like
  • نفرت کرنا (nafrat karna) – to hate
  • دینا (dena) – to give
  • لینا (lena) – to take
  • سننا (sun-na) – to hear
  • دیکھنا (daikhna) – to see
  • دوڑنا (dorna) – to run
  • رونا (rona) – to cry
  • لڑنا (larna) – to fight
  • گانا (gana) – to sing
  • کھیلنا (khailna) – to play
  • پڑھنا (parhna) – to read
  • کھڑا ہونا (khara hona) – to stand
  • بیٹھنا (baithna) – to sit
  • سوار ہونا (sawar hona) – to ride
  • بند کرنا (band karna) – to close / to switch off
  • کھولنا (kholna) – to open
  • چلانا (chalana) – to turn on
  • جیتنا (jeetna) – to win
  • ہارنا (harna) – to lose
  • لکھنا (likhna) – to write
  • پکانا (pakana) – to cook
  • دھونا (dhona) – to wash
  • دینا (dena) – to give
  • لینا (lena) – to take
  • انتظار کرنا (intezar karna) – to wait
  • کودنا (koodna) – to jump
  • بات کرنا (baat karna) – to talk
  • چومنا (choomna) – to kiss
  • گلے ملنا (galay milna) – to hug
  • نہانا (nahana) – to bathe
  • خریدنا (khareedna) – to buy
  • بیچنا (bechna) – to sell
  • سونگھنا (soonghna) – to smell
  • تالی بجانا (taali bajana) – to clap
  • بننا (bun-na) – to knit
  • سینا (seena) – to sew
  • دھکیلنا (dhakelna) – to push
  • کھینچنا (khenchna) – to pull
  • چڑھنا (charhna) – to climb
  • کھودنا (khodna) – to dig
  • جھکنا (jhukna) – to bow
  • غوطہ لگانا (ghota lagana) – to dive

5. Adjectives

Now let’s go over a list of some highly useful Urdu adjectives for the beginner’s level. You’ll find them quite helpful in describing the world around you and better expressing yourself. Nonetheless, if you feel ready to learn even more adjectives, we recommend you visit this lesson on Urdu adjectives at

  • نیا (naya) – new
  • پرانا (purana) – old
  • اچھا (acha) – good
  • برا (bura) – bad
  • مشکل (mushkil) – difficult
  • آسان (aasan) – easy
  • لمبا (lamba) – long
  • چھوٹا (chota) – small
  • میٹھا (meetha) – sweet
  • کڑوا (kerwa) – bitter
  • درست (darust) – correct
  • ٹھیک (theek) – right
  • غلط (ghalat) – wrong
  • موٹا (mota) – fat
  • پتلا (patla) – thin
  • تیز (taiz) – fast
  • سُست (sust) – lazy
  • گرم (garam) – hot
  • ٹھنڈا (thanda) – cold
  • پہلا (pehla) – first
  • آخری (aakhri) – last
  • خوبصورت (khoobsurat) – beautiful
  • بدصورت (badsurat) – ugly
  • خوش (khush) – happy
  • ناراض (naraz) – angry
  • سفید (sufaid) – white
  • کالا (kala) – black

6. Conjunctions

Since conjunctions are an integral part of Urdu grammar, we just had to include some of them here:

  • اور (aur) – and
  • یا (ya) – or
  • کیونکہ (kyunke) – because
  • لیکن (lekin) – but
  • اگر (agar) – if
  • تو (tou) – so
  • اسی لئے (issi liye) – therefore

7. Others

Here are some Urdu auxiliary verbs that you should learn, regardless of your current proficiency level. Beginners and advanced learners alike must know and remember them, as they can make your speech or writing sound much more fluent and organized. 

  • سکنا (sakna) – can
  • چاہئے (chahiye) – should
  • ضرور چاہئے (zaroor chahiye) – must
  • گا / گی / گے (ga / gi / gay) – will / shall
  • پڑنا (perna) – have to, etc.

8. Conclusion

This article has familiarized you with the most useful Urdu beginner words, from pronouns to auxiliaries. These words will prove useful in day-to-day life during your time in Pakistan, and they’ll serve as a solid base upon which to build your Urdu language skills. 

If you found this list a bit overwhelming, it’s nothing to become discouraged about! Acquiring a language takes time, and UrduPod101 will be here to help every step of the way.

Let us know if you have any questions or concerns about the words covered in this article (or if you think we’re missing any important ones). We’ll be glad to help you out! 

If you’re serious about your studies, make sure to frequently visit We provide the most convenient way to learn Urdu online, offering a variety of quality materials: vocabulary lists, an Urdu dictionary, audio and video lessons, grammar and pronunciation tips, and much more. We recommend checking out our series of Urdu lessons for beginners to get your foot in the door. 

Create your free lifetime account to get started. 

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The Top 10 Must-Know Urdu Filler Words


So, you’ve built up a solid vocabulary base. You’ve almost perfected your pronunciation. You’ve even gained a strong command of Urdu grammar… But you still struggle to understand the words and phrases used by native Urdu speakers in conversations. 

Any experienced language learner can tell you that spoken language is far different from what you learn in the classroom or textbook. A great example of this is filler words

If you’re ready to start having better conversations in Urdu, it’s time to give the devil its due by focusing your attention on Urdu filler words. At this stage, you must set aside the intricate linguistic rules and regulations you’ve learned so far. Start contemplating the real-life situations that you’ve had (or may come across) while interacting with native Urdu speakers in Pakistan.

While linguistic experts may scoff at the use of fillers in conversation and write them off as cliché, one cannot refute their effectiveness and necessity in everyday Urdu. Learning them will not only give you a leg up in conversations, but also give you more insight into Pakistani culture.

In this article, you’ll learn the basics about fillers in the Urdu language and examine some of the most widely used Urdu conversation filler words.

A Confused and Frustrated Man Who Seems to be Under Stress Due to Not Understanding Something
Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. What are filler words and why do we use them?
  2. The Top 10 Urdu Filler Words
  3. Pros and Cons of Filler Words
  4. Conclusion

1. What are filler words and why do we use them?

Let’s start with a brief introduction to Urdu filler words and their utility in spoken Urdu. 

A filler is a word, phrase, or sound that is used when speaking, even though it adds no real meaning to what’s being said. For example, you may hear some Urdu speakers use phrases like جیسے کہ (Jaise ke) or اچھا (Acha) in their conversations; these phrases are not used to add linguistic meaning, but rather to serve a separate function. 

Common uses of filler words in Urdu

Urdu filler words perform the same basic functions as those in English or other languages. Here are just a few roles that filler words play in our conversations:

They help us sound natural.

Using the occasional Urdu filler word in the right context can help your speech sound more fluid and natural. Doing so will indicate to others that you’ve attained native-like competence in the Urdu language through hard work. 

They signal to others that we have more to say. 

A well-placed filler word in Urdu can signal to the other party that you’re not finished speaking yet, even if you’ve paused for a moment. This can help you buy time and keep the podium while you think of how to phrase your next point.

A Young Businesswoman Pointing Towards an Alarm Clock, Signifying the Importance of Time

They can help us emphasize a point or argument. 

Since filler words help you borrow some time during a speech or conversation, they can also provide you with a fair opportunity to emphasize your argument. This is because you’ll have ample time to underscore your stance and make an impact.

2. The Top 10 Urdu Filler Words

Now that you know more about Urdu filler words and how they’re used, it’s quite appropriate to move forward and introduce our list of the top fillers in Urdu.

#1 اچھا (Acha) 

  • English: “Well”

اچھا (acha) is the most widely used Urdu filler word in Pakistan. Depending on the context, you may hear native Urdu speakers using it in the middle or at the beginning of a sentence.

اچھا، آپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
Acha, aap ka naam kya hai?
“Well, what is your name?”

آپ آ گئے، اچھا، کیا آپ آج رات قیام کریں گے؟
Aap aa gaye, acha, kya aap aaj raat qayam karein gay?
“You arrived; well, will you stay tonight?”

#2 کیا (Kya) 

  • Literally: “What”
  • English Equivalent: “Really”

کیا (kya) is another Urdu filler that you’ll hear frequently during your stay in Pakistan. It can be translated as “what” in English, though its meaning depends upon the context in which it’s used. Most of the time, it is nearly equivalent to the English word “really.” 

Keep in mind that the meaning of filler words in Urdu sometimes depends on the intonation used by the speaker, as is the case here. 

کیا؟ آپ جھوٹ تو نہیں بول رہے؟
Kya? aap jhoot toh nahi bol rahe?
“Really? Aren’t you telling a lie?”

#3 نہ کریں (Na karain) 

  • Literally: “Don’t do it”
  • English Equivalent: “Don’t say it”

If someone says something unbelievable, use this filler word to take your time and think about how to phrase your response.

نہ کریں، میں یقین نہیں کر پا رہا۔
Na karain, mei yaqeen nahi kar pa raha.
“Don’t say it, I cannot believe it.”

A Man in a Suit Holding an Umbrella while It Rains Money – A Simply Unbelievable Situation

#4 جیسے کہ (Jaise ke)

  • English: “Like”

One of the most popular filler words in the Urdu language, this one is often used by native speakers to delay their response or to validate a point through an example.

مجھے کچھ باتیں ناپسند ہیں جیسے کہ۔۔۔
Mujhe kuch baatain napasand hain jaise ke…
“I dislike a few things, like…”

#5 ارے (Aray)

  • Literally: “Hey”
  • English Equivalent: “Wow”

The exact meaning of this Urdu filler word is conveyed largely through the tone of the speaker. For example:

کیا کہا؟ ارے! آپ کمال کے انسان ہیں۔
Kya kaha? Arey! aap kamal ke insaan hain.
“What did you say? Wow! You are a wonderful person.”

A Businesswoman Giving a Thumbs-up to Someone, Suggesting that the Person Is Wonderful and Great

#6 ہم م م (Hmmm)

  • English: “Hmmm”

Using this filler in Urdu is a great way to buy time while you think about your next move and sentence. The other person will give you time and space to complete your point before taking their turn to speak. 

میں سوچ رہا ہوں، ہم م م۔۔۔
Mei soch raha hun, hmmm…
“I am thinking, hmmm…”

#7 ٹھیک (Theek)

  • English: “Right”

This Urdu word gives an affirmative meaning, but when used as a filler, it’s usually followed by a differing opinion.

میں آپ کی بات سمجھتا ہوں۔ ٹھیک ہے، لیکن میری رائے کچھ اور ہے۔
Mei aap ki baat samajhta hun, theek hai, lekin meri raye kuch aur hai.
“I understand you, right, but I differ in my opinion.”

A Couple After an Argument

#8 تو (Tou)

  • Literally: “Then”
  • English Equivalent: “Well”

تو (tou) is another oft-used Urdu filler word. Here’s an example of how you can use it in your conversations:

تو۔۔۔ کیا یہ آپ کا آخری فیصلہ ہے؟
Tou…kya ye aap ka aakhri faisla hai?
“So…is it your final decision?”

#9 آہ (Ah)

  • English: “Oh”

آہ (ah) is particularly beneficial when you intend to say something sorrowful after it. This filler word sets the tone and tempo for your melancholy discussion. 

آہ۔۔۔ ایسا نہیں ہونا چاہئے تھا۔
Ah…aisa nahin hona chahiye tha.
“Ah…it should not have happened.”

#10 آپ کو تو پتہ ہے (Aap ko tou patah hai)

  • English: “You know”

This filler is a jack of all trades. You’ll hear Pakistani people use it extensively during their conversations. It can normally be used in any context to fill the space between two comprehensible phrases or clauses.

میں وہاں گیا، آپ کو تو پتہ ہے، جانا پڑتا ہے۔
Mei wahan gaya, aap ko tou pata hai, jana parhta hai.
“I went there, you know, one has to go.”

3. Pros and Cons of Filler Words

Now, let’s have a look at some of the advantages and disadvantages of using Urdu filler words.

PRO: Fillers can serve as an informal substitution for a word or phrase.

It’s easy to bore listeners with overly formal or lengthy sentences. Using fillers can help you break up the lengthier parts of your speech and help you come across as more open or friendly. 

PRO: Using them can help native speakers more easily accept you. 

Since filler words are used in real-life scenarios, using them well can set you apart from other learners and make you sound more natural. For this reason, natives will lend a keener ear to you and more readily accept you into their circle.

A Cartoon Holding an Okay Sign in Its Hands, Suggesting Approval and Acceptability

CON: They can make a conversation dull or leave you unheard/misunderstood.

Since you’re acquiring a second language, you must be careful to use filler words wisely. Overusing them may sound monotonous and people may not bother to hear or comprehend what you’re saying, which can cause a more pronounced communication barrier.

4. Conclusion

In this article, you’ve learned about Urdu filler words and how to use them. We’ve also introduced you to the most common fillers in Urdu and discussed the pros and cons of using them yourself. 

Do you feel prepared to pick and use the occasional Urdu filler word in your daily conversations to surprise native speakers? Or did we miss anything? If you still have questions on the topic, don’t hesitate to contact us at We’ll get back to you at the earliest.

Furthermore, we recommend visiting frequently. We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources, with materials and lessons on grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, useful phrases, etc. It’s our goal to help you hone your Urdu language skills in every category.

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Urdu Negation: Master the Art of Saying No in Urdu


Paulo Coehlo said it well: When you say Yesto others, make sure you are not saying Noto yourself.

Wherever you are in the world, knowing how to say ‘no’ tactfully is an invaluable skill. It’s crucial to have the linguistic tools necessary to assert your identity and keep in balance with others. 

In Pakistan, it’s customary to be mindful and courteous while giving a negative statement or response to someone. Due to these cultural nuances, today we’ll teach you not only how to form negative sentences in Urdu but also how to apply them to various real-life situations. In addition, we’ll introduce you to several negative expressions in the Urdu language that you can start practicing right away.

A Businessman Saying No with a Gesture of His Hand
Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. How to Negate a Statement
  2. Giving a Negative Response to a Question
  3. Other Negating Words and Phrases
  4. Double Negatives
  5. Conclusion

1. How to Negate a Statement

The basic words of negation in Urdu are: نہ (nah) – no and نہیں  (nahin) – “no” / “not. In this section, you’ll learn how to use these words in different sentences to impart the proper meaning to your interlocutors.

Generally speaking, the most common way to make a sentence negative in Urdu is: 

Noun + نہیں (nahin) + Conjugated Verb

This is a simple formula that requires no additional changes to the sentence nor any further negation words.

Urdu Negation in Simple Present Tense

وہ سکول جاتا ہے۔
Woh school jata hai.
He goes to school.

وہ سکول نہیں جاتا ہے۔
Woh school nahin jata hai.
He does not go to school.

In the negative sentence, you can see that the Urdu word نہیں (nahin) is placed after the noun سکول (school) and before the conjugated form of the Urdu verb جاتا (jata).

Urdu Negation in Simple Past Tense

وہ لاہور گئی۔
Woh Lahore gayi.
She went to Lahore.

وہ لاہور نہیں گئی۔
Woh Lahore nahin gayi.
She did not go to Lahore.

In the negative Urdu sentence above, you can see that the word نہیں (nahin) is added after the noun لاہور (Lahore) and before the conjugated verb گئی (gai).

Urdu Negation in Future Simple Tense

ہم رات کا کھانا کھائیں گے۔
Hum raat ka khana khayain gay.
We will have dinner.

ہم رات کا کھانا نہیں کھائیں گے۔
Hum raat ka khana nahin khayain gay.
We will not have dinner.

Again, you can see that the word نہیں (nahin) is added after the noun رات کا کھانا (raat ka khana), meaning “dinner,” and before the conjugated verb کھائیں (khayain).

A Hand Saying No to Alcohol

2. Giving a Negative Response to a Question

Having learned the fundamentals of negation in the Urdu language, let’s now look at how to respond to questions by negating them in Urdu. In this context, you can take one of two approaches: 

1) You can be courteous enough to refuse politely.

2) You can give an upfront “No” to avoid any such invitations in the future.

Giving a Polite Negative Response in Urdu

If you find yourself caught in a formal situation where you want to say no to an invitation, it’s always recommended that you refuse it politely. Otherwise, the other person may take offense. 

Let’s see how to do this…


کیا آپ میرے ساتھ رات کا کھانا کھائیں گے؟
Kia aap mere sath raat ka khana khayain gay?
Will you have dinner with me?


معذرت خواہ ہوں، میں ذاتی مصروفیت کی وجہ سے ایسا کرنے سے قاصر ہوں۔
Maazrat khwah hun, mei zati masroofiyat ki wajah se aisa kernay se qasir hun.
Sorry, I am unable to do so due to personal commitments.

In this scenario, someone asks you to have dinner with him in Urdu and you wish to decline politely. Here, the most formal and recommended way of declining is to add the Urdu phrase, معذرت خواہ ہوں (maazrat khwah hun) to the beginning of the sentence. This phrase is equivalent to the English word “sorry” and can be used by both male and female speakers without any changes.

The next sentence—میں ذاتی مصروفیات کی وجہ سے ایسا کرنے سے قاصر ہوں۔ (Mein zati masroofiyat ki wajah se aisa kernay se qasir hun.)—will allow you to decline an invitation without offending the other person.

Giving a Flat Negative Response in Urdu

Now, it’s time to learn how to assert yourself while refusing an unwelcome invitation and preventing future invitations.


کیا آپ میرے ساتھ رات کا کھانا کھائیں گے؟
Kia aap meray sath raat ka khana khayain gay?
Will you have dinner with me?


نہیں، آپ اپنے کام سے کام رکھیں۔
Nahin, aap apne kaam se kaam rakhain.
No, mind your own business.

A Young Girl Refusing to the Dance Proposal in a Bar

In this sentence, you can see that the word نہیں، (nahin) serves as a sort of blunt refusal that does not have any preceding courtesy word or phrase. The remaining part of the sentence—آپ اپنے کام سے کام رکھیں (Aap apne kaam se kaam rakhain.)—is an indication that you’re not interested in any such future invitations.

3. Other Negating Words and Phrases

Besides نہ (nah) and نہیں (nahin), there are a few other expressions that can be used for negation in Urdu. Here are just a few more negation words in Urdu you should know: 

نہ یہ نہ وہ (nah ye nah woh) – neither…nor

This phrase is equivalent to “neither…nor” in English. Here’s an example for you:

مجھے نہ یہ پسند ہے نہ وہ۔
Mujhay nah ye pasand hai nah who.
I like neither this nor that.

A Signboard Symbolizing Refusal and Negation

 (kabhi nahin) – never

میں تمھیں کبھی نہیں بھولوں گا۔
Mei tumhain kabhi nahin bhoolon ga.
I will never forget you.

کچھ نہیں (kuch nahin) – nothing

This is a versatile phrase that can be used to form a variety of negative sentences in Urdu. It’s used to negate a thing. Here’s just one example: 

میں نے صبح سے کچھ نہیں کھایا۔
Mei ne subah se kuch nahin khaya.
I have eaten nothing since morning.

A Youngster Is Holding a Fork and Knife in His Hands, and Seems to Have Eaten Nothing for a While

 (koi nahin) – nobody

This phrase of Urdu negation refers to people. Here’s an example:  

یہاں کوئی نہیں آیا۔
Yahan koi nahin aaya.
Nobody came here.

کہیں نہیں (kahin nahin) – nowhere

The word کہیں نہیں (kahin nahin) is used for the negation of a place:

وہ کہیں نہیں گیا۔
Woh kahin nahin gaya.
He went nowhere.

4. Double Negatives                        

While conversing with native Urdu speakers, you’ll notice that they often use double negatives in their conversations. To understand how double negatives are used in Urdu, you must first learn how to use the word نا (na) as a prefix to negate adjectives and verbs. For example:

  • خوش (khush) – “happy” ➜ ناخوش (nakhush) – “unhappy”

When these negative adjectives and verbs are used in tandem with the word نہیں (nahin), the latter word cancels out the negative adjective or verb to make it positive. See the use of the word ناخوش (nakhush) / نہیں (nahin) in the following sentence to better understand this concept: 

وہ مجھ سے ناخوش نہیں ہے۔
Woh mujh se nakhush nahin hai.
He is not unhappy with me.

Ultimately, the sentence is used to negate the already reported negative adjective ناخوش (nakhush). In other words, it indicates that the speaker is on good terms with the person being spoken about. 

Here’s another example: 

مجھے سمجھانا ناممکن نہیں ہے۔
Mujhay samjhana namumkin nahin hai.
It is not impossible to make me understand.

This sentence cancels out the negative adjective ناممکن (namumkin). In other words, it is possible to explain. 

وہ کرکٹ ناپسند نہیں کرتا ہے۔
Woh cricket napasand nahin karta hai.
He does not dislike cricket.

In this sentence, the verb پسند کرنا (pasand kerna), meaning “to like,” is made negative by adding the نا (na) prefix. After the addition of the prefix, its infinitive form becomes ناپسند کرنا (napasand karna), meaning “to dislike.” The word نہیں (nahin) is used with the conjugated form of the negative verb ناپسند کرنا (napasand karna) to further negate it.

In other words: He does like cricket. 

5. Conclusion

In this article, you’ve learned the essentials of Urdu negation. You can now…

  • …negate sentences in Urdu.
  • …give negative responses to questions.
  • …apply a variety of negative Urdu words and phrases to sentences.
  • …begin practicing double negation in Urdu.
  • …negate verbs and adjectives using the prefix نا (na).

Do you still have any questions? Let us know in the comments, and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible! 

In the meantime, make sure to continue exploring We are a rich repository of useful resources that will hone your integrated Urdu language skills. With a free lifetime account, you’ll have access to an Urdu dictionary, grammar and pronunciation guides, vocabulary lists, lessons on useful phrases and expressions, and more. 

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