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The Death Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal

The Death Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Allama Iqbal, the Poet of East, is one of the most prominent Pakistani figures of today, commemorated twice a year. In this article, you’ll learn about Dr. Muhammad Iqbal’s Death Anniversary and a little bit about the man himself.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is the Allama Muhammad Iqbal Death Anniversary?

Each year on the date of Dr. Muhammad Iqbal’s death, Muslims mourn the loss of a great poet, commemorate his influential work, and celebrate his life.

Doctor Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a prominent literary voice in the Muslim world, most well-known for his advocacy of Muslim rights and for spurring the start of the تحریک پاکستان (Tehreek e Pakistan), or “Pakistan Movement.” He has come to be known as the اعر مشرق (Shaer e mashriq), meaning “Poet of East,” as well as the national poet of Pakistan.

About Muhammad Iqbal

Poet of East

Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot in 1877, and died in 1938 in Lahore. For Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, poetry and other literary works served as a medium for expressing his views on various pressing topics of the time, such as the state of the Muslim religion. A couple of his most popular works include The Secrets of the Self and Gabriel’s Wing. He wrote mainly in Persian, Urdu, and Arabic.

Poetry was not his only talent or interest. Muhammad Iqbal also worked as a barrister, lecturer, politician, philosopher, and academic.

Role of Allama Iqbal in Pakistan Movement

Allama Muhammad Iqbal voiced his opinion on a number of topics related to the Muslim faith, as well as politics. In particular, he’s known for bringing the Pakistan Movement to life. This movement sought to free Pakistan and the Muslim world from British rule, under which Islamic beliefs suffered and were suppressed.

Muhammad Iqbal was the first to express the “Two-Nation Theory.” This theory proposed that Muslims should be separate from the rest of the world, with their own political system. In particular, he believed that because Hindus and Muslims had separate beliefs, they shouldn’t be forced to share a political system.

While Muhammad Iqbal had very anti-capitalistic views, even Western leaders found something desirable in his writings and lectures on the topic. Today, in addition to being Pakistan’s national poet, Allama Muhammad Iqbal is also highly commended in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and other countries with a large Muslim population.

2. When is His Death Anniversary?

The Flag of Islam

Each year, Pakistanis commemorate the Death Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal on April 21. This was the date in 1938 that he died of a throat-related illness.

3. How is His Death Anniversary Observed?

A Silhouette of a Person Waving the Pakistani Flag

To commemorate the death of Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistani newspapers, radio stations, and other organizations often have special feature pieces or programs. While there aren’t many regular celebrations or observances for the Death Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, he is considered a major figure in Pakistan and around the world. His death anniversary is simply a time to stop and commemorate his life and works, as well as the future he imagined for the Muslim people.

4. November 9

On November 9, Pakistan observes The Birthday of Muhammad Iqbal. This was a public holiday in Pakistan until 2015, when the government revoked it. However, even with the holiday’s official status revoked, many Pakistanis like to commemorate their قومی شاعر (Qoumi Shair), or “national poet,” on this day.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for this Holiday

Sialkot in Pakistan

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s Death Anniversary!

  • اسلام (Islam) — “Islam”
  • فارسی (Faarsi) — “Persian”
  • عربی (Aarabi) — “Arabic”
  • لاہور (Lahore) — “Lahore”
  • مسلم لیگ (Muslim League) — “Muslim League”
  • بیرسٹر (Barrister) — “Barrister”
  • قومی شاعر (Qoumi Shair) — “National poet”
  • تحریک پاکستان (Tehreek e Pakistan) — “Pakistan Movement”
  • فلسفی (Falsafi) — “Philosopher”
  • سیالکوٹ (Sialkot) — “Sialkot”
  • شاعر مشرق (Shaer e mashriq) — “Poet of East”

To hear the pronunciation of each vocabulary word or phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Urdu Death Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal vocabulary list.

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about one of the most important people in modern-day Pakistan, and that you were able to take away some valuable information from this article.

Do you have a favorite poet or piece of literature? We would love to hear from you!

If you’re interested in learning more about Pakistani culture, we recommend that you check out the following pages on UrduPod101.com:

Whatever your reasons for wanting to learn more about Pakistani culture or the Urdu language, know that UrduPod101.com is the best way to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun lessons for learners at every level, there’s something for everyone!

Create your free lifetime account today, and start learning with us.

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Talk About the Weather in Urdu Like a Native

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Did you know that every minute of the day, one billion tons of rain falls on the earth? Hard to believe, considering the climate crisis! Of course, all that rain is not equally shared across the planet.

So, would you mention this fascinating fact to your new Pakistani acquaintance? Well, small talk about local weather is actually a great conversation-starter. Everyone cares about the weather and you’re sure to hear a few interesting opinions! Seasons can be quite unpredictable these days and nobody knows the peculiarities of a region better than the locals.

UrduPod101 will equip you with all the weather vocabulary you need to plan your next adventure. The weather can even be an important discussion that influences your adventure plans. After all, you wouldn’t want to get caught on an inflatable boat with a two-horsepower motor in Hurricane Horrendous!

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Table of Contents

  1. Talking about the weather in Pakistan
  2. Words for the first day of spring
  3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?
  4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary
  5. Winter
  6. UrduPod101 can prepare you for any season.


1. Talking about the weather in Pakistan

Talking About Weather

If you’re like me, your day’s activity plan is likely to begin with a strong local coffee and a chat about what the sky is doing. After all, being prepared could be the difference between an amazing day and a miserable one! Luckily, it’s not difficult to comment on Pakistani weather - just start with these simple words and phrases.

1- The rain is falling on the street - .بارش سڑک پر گر رہی ہے (Barish sarak par gir rahi hai)

Watercolor artists, take out your paints! You might not be able to venture out on foot today, but just embrace the rain as part of your Pakistani experience. When the rain stops, the air will be clean and colours vibrant.

2- The snow has covered everything - برف نے ہر چیز کو لپیٹ لیا ہے (Baraf ne har cheez ko lapait liya hai).

A fresh blanket of snow is irresistibly beautiful. Pull on your boots and beanie, and leave your tracks in this foreign landscape. Don’t resist the urge to build a snowman – you need this!

3- Fluffy cloud - روئیں جیسا بادل (Ruin jaisa badal).

When you’re waiting for a warm beach day, fluffy white clouds in a blue sky are a good sign. Don’t forget your sunscreen, as clouds will intensify the UV rays hitting your skin.

Fluffy White Cloud in Clear Blue Sky

4- Freeze - جمنا (jamna)

Night temperatures can get chilly and might freeze the condensation on your windows. A good way to clear them up is with warm salt water.

5- Heavy rain - تیز بارش (tez baarish)

If you’re visiting Pakistan in the wet season, it’s important to stay informed when heavy rain sets in, so keep an eye on the weather radar. Avoid river activities and rather spend this time making a home-cooked meal and brushing up on your Urdu weather words.

Heavy Rain in a Park

6- Flood - سیلاب (selaab)

If you do get caught in a flood, your destination should no longer be ‘home’, but the nearest high ground.

7- Typhoon - آندھی (aandhi)

Not all countries experience typhoons, but you need to know when to prepare for one! It will be very scary if you’ve never experienced one before. Your local neighbours are the best people to advise you on where to take shelter, as they’ve been doing it for generations. Be sure to get the low-down at the first sign of rough weather!

8- Weather report - موسم کا حال (mausam ka haal)

When planning an outdoor activity, especially on a body of water, always be prepared for a change in the weather. Ask your hotel receptionist or neighbour where you can get a reliable daily weather report, and don’t forget your sweater!

Two Men on Sailboat

9- Today’s weather is sunny with occasional clouds - .آج کا موسم دھوپ کے ساتھ کبھی کبھار بادلوں والا ہے (Aaj ka mosam dhoop ky sath kabhi kabhar badalo wala hai).

Sunny weather is the dream when traveling in Pakistan! Wake up early, pack the hats and sunblock and go and experience the terrain, sights and beautiful spots. You’ll be rewarded with happy vibes all around.

10- A rainy day - ایک بارش والا دن (Aik barish wala din)

Remember when you said you’d save the Urdu podcasts for a rainy day? Now’s that day!

11- Rainbow - قوس و قزح (qos o qaza)

The best part about the rain is that you can look forward to your first rainbow in Pakistan. There’s magic in that!

12- Lightning - بجلی (bijli)

Lightning is one of the most fascinating weather phenomena you can witness without really being in danger – at least if you’re sensible and stay indoors! Did you know that lightning strikes the earth 40-50 times per second? Fortunately, not all countries experience heavy electric storms!

Electric Storm

13- Celsius - سنٹگریڈ (centigrade)

Asking a local what the outside temperature will be is another useful question for planning your day. It’s easy if you know the Urdu term for ‘degrees Celsius’.

14- Fahrenheit - فارن ہائیٹ (fehrenheit)

Although the Fahrenheit system has been replaced by Celsius in almost all countries, it’s still used in the US and a few other places.

15- Clear sky - صاف مطلع (saaf matlaa)

Clear skies mean you’ll probably want to get the camera out and capture some nature shots - not to mention the great sunsets you’ll have later on. Twilight can lend an especially magical quality to a landscape on a clear sky day, when the light is not filtered through clouds.

Hikers on Mountain with Clear Sky

16- Drizzle - بوندا باندی (boonda baandi)

Days when it’s drizzling are perfect for taking in the cultural offerings of Pakistan. You could go to the mall and watch a Pakistani film, visit museums and art galleries, explore indoor markets or even find the nearest climbing wall. Bring an umbrella!

17- Temperature on a thermometer - درجہ حرارت (darja hararat)

Because of the coronavirus, many airports are conducting temperature screening on passengers. Don’t worry though - it’s just a precaution. Your temperature might be taken with a no-touch thermometer, which measures infrared energy coming off the body.

18- Humid - مرطوب (martoob)

I love humid days, but then I’m also a water baby and I think the two go
together like summer and rain. Find a pool or a stream to cool off in – preferably in the shade!

Humidity in Tropical Forest

19- Humidity - نمی (nami)

Low humidity days are the best days to go walking the hills and vales. Just take at least one Pakistani friend with you so you don’t get lost!

20- Wind - ہوا (hawa)

A strong wind blows away the air pollution and is very healthy in that respect. Just avoid the mountain trails today, unless you fancy being blown across the continent like a hot air balloon.

21- It’s windy outside - .باہر ہوا ہے (Bahir hawa hai).

Wind! My least favourite weather condition. Of course, if you’re a kitesurfer, a windy day is what you’ve been waiting for!

Leaves and Umbrella in the Wind

22- Ice over - برف جمنا (baraf jamna)

The roads will be dangerous in conditions where things ice over, so please don’t take chances. The ice will thaw as soon as the sun comes out, so be patient!

23- Muggy - مرطوب اور گرم مرطوب اور گرم (martoob aur garam)

Muggy days make your skin feel sticky and sap your energy. They’re particular to high humidity. Cold shower, anyone? Ice vest? Whatever it takes to feel relief from the humidity!

24- Fog - دھند دھند (dhund)

Not a great time to be driving, especially in unknown territory, but keep your fog lights on and drive slowly.

Fog on a Pond with Ducks

25- Hurricane - سمندری طوفان (samandari toofaan)

Your new Pakistani friends will know the signs, so grab some food and candles and prepare for a night of staying warm and chatting about wild weather in Pakistan.

Palm Trees in a Hurricane

26- Tornado - طوفان (toofaan)

If you hear these words, it will probably be obvious already that everyone is preparing for the worst! Definitely do whatever your accommodation hosts tell you to do when a tornado is expected.

27- It’s cloudy today - آج موسم ابر آلود ہے۔ (Aaj mosam abar alood hai).

While there won’t be any stargazing tonight, the magnificent clouds over Pakistan will make impressive photographs. Caption them in Urdu to impress your friends back home!

Cloudy Weather on Beach with Beach Huts

28- Below freezing - صفر درجے سے کم (sifar darjay say kum)

When the temperature is below freezing, why not take an Uber and go shopping for some gorgeous Pakistani winter gear?

Woman with Winter Gear in Freezing Weather

29- Wind chill - یخ بستہ ہوا (Yakh basta hawa)

Wind doesn’t change the ambient temperature of the air, it just changes your body temperature, so the air will feel colder to you than it actually is.

Thermometer Below Freezing Point

30- Clear up - موسم صاف ہونا (mausam saaf hona)

Waiting for the weather to clear up so you can go exploring is frustrating, let’s be honest. That’s why you should always travel with two things: a scintillating novel and your Urdu Nook Book.

31- Extreme heat - شدید گرمی (shadeed garmi)

Is the heat trying to kill you? Unless you’re a hardened heatwave hero, definitely avoid activity, stay hydrated and drink electrolytes. Loose cotton or linen garb is the way to go!

Hand Holding a Melting Ice Cream

32- Frost - انجامد (anjaamid)

Frost is water vapour that has turned to ice crystals and it happens when the earth cools so much in the night, that it gets colder than the air above it. Winter is coming!

33- Shower - چھینٹا (cheenta)

Rain showers are typically brief downpours that drench the earth with a good drink of water.

34- Become cloudy - آسمان ابر آلود ہو گیا ہے (aasmaan abar aalood ho gaya hai)

When I hear it will become cloudy on the Urdu weather channel, I buy a bottle of wine (red, of course) and wood for the fireplace. A cold and cloudy evening needs its comforts!

Snow in the Park at Night

35- Thunderstorm - گرز کا طوفان (garaj ka toofaan)

Keep an eye on the Pakistani weather maps if it looks like a big storm is coming, so you’ll be well-informed.

36- Ice has formed on the window - برف (baraf)

You could try this phrase out on the hotel’s helpful cleaning staff, or fix the problem yourself. Just add a scoop or two of salt to a spray bottle of water - that should work!

37- Hail - اولے (olay)

As a kid, I found hail crazy exciting. Not so much now - especially if I’m on the road and large hailstones start pummeling my windscreen!

Large Hailstones on a Wooden Floor

38- Thunder - گرج (garaj)

The rumble of rolling thunder is that low-volume, ominous background sound that goes on for some time. It’s strangely exciting if you’re safely in your hotel room; it could either suddenly clear up, or escalate to a storm.

39- Sleet - ادھ جمی برف (adh jami baraf)

Sleet is tiny hard pieces of ice made from a mixture of rain and melted snow that froze. It can be messy, but doesn’t cause major damage the way hail does. Pretty cool to know this word in Urdu!


2. Words for the first day of spring

You know the feeling: your heart skips a beat when you wake up and spring has sprung! Spring will reward you with new blossoms everywhere, birdsong in the air, kittens being born in the neighborhood and lovely views when you hit the trails. Pack a picnic and ask a new Pakistani friend to show you the more natural sights. Don’t forget a light sweater and a big smile. This is the perfect time to practice some Urdu spring words!

Spring Vocabulary


3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?

Summer! Who doesn’t love that word? It conjures up images of blue skies, tan skin, vacations at the beach and cruising down the coast in an Alfa Romeo, sunglasses on and the breeze in your hair. Of course, in Pakistan there are many ways to enjoy the summer - it all depends on what you love to do. One thing’s for sure: you will have opportunities to make friends, go on picnics, sample delicious local ice-cream and maybe even learn to sing some Urdu songs. It’s up to you! Sail into Pakistani summer with this summer vocab list, and you’ll blend in with ease.

Four Adults Playing on the Beach in the Sand


4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary

Victoria Ericksen said, “If a year was tucked inside of a clock, then autumn would be the magic hour,” and I agree. Who can resist the beauty of fall foliage coloring the Pakistani landscape? Birds prepare to migrate; travelers prepare to arrive for the best weather in Pakistan.

The autumnal equinox marks the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator, making day and night almost equal in length. The cool thing about this event is that the moon gets really bright – the ‘harvest moon’, as it’s traditionally known.

So, as much as the change of season brings more windy and rainy days, it also brings celebration. Whether you honor Thanksgiving, Halloween or the Moon Festival, take some time to color your vocabulary with these Urdu autumn words.

Autumn Phrases


5. Winter

Winter is the time the natural world slows down to rest and regroup. I’m a summer girl, but there are fabulous things about winter that I really look forward to. For one, it’s the only season I get to accessorize with my gorgeous winter gloves and snug down coat!

Then, of course, there’s ice skating, holiday decorations and bonfires. As John Steinbeck said, “What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness?” Get ready for the cold season with our list of essential Winter words!

Skier Sitting in the Snow


6. UrduPod101 can prepare you for any season.

Now that you know how to inquire and comment on the weather in Pakistan, you
can confidently plan your weather-ready travel itinerary. How about this for an idea: the next
time you’re sitting in a Pakistani street café, try asking someone local this question:

“Do you think the weather will stay like this for a few days?” If you loved learning these cool Urdu weather phrases with us, why not take it a step further and add to your repertoire? UrduPod101 is here to help!

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All About Kashmir Day in Pakistan

Kashmir Day in Pakistan

Kashmir Unity Day, or simply Kashmir Day, is a very significant چهٹی (Chutti), or holiday, in Pakistan and other Urdu-speaking regions. On this day, people gather together in honor and encouragement of those who are caught in the Kashmir conflict.

In this article from UrduPod101.com, you’ll learn about Kashmir Day and the basics of the Pakistan-India dispute over the Kashmir territory. Further, we’ll show you some important vocabulary for Kashmir Day in Urdu-speaking countries!

Are you ready to explore this essential component of Pakistani culture? Let’s get started.

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1. What is Kashmir Day?

In order to understand the significance of Kashmir Day in Pakistan, it’s important to take a look at the conflict behind it.

The Kashmir conflict is a long-standing dispute between India and Pakistan—and to some extent, China—over the Jammu and Kashmir territory. India claims that this region is a vital part of the country’s culture. Pakistan claims that the Maharaja at the time was a brutal ruler, that India violated the Standstill Agreement that was in place at the time of the Instrument of Accession, and that Kashmir wished to leave India. This conflict has led to many wars and much unrest on both sides over the years.

Kashmir Day was established to show solidarity with the people of occupied Jammu and Kashmir and to honor the sacrifices of the مجاہد (Mujahid), or freedom fighters, throughout the Kashmir conflict. This holiday was officially observed for the first time in 2004, with a few unofficial observations starting in 1990.

2. Kashmir Day Date

February 5 on the Calendar

Each year, Pakistani Muslims commemorate Kashmir Day on February 5.

3. How is Kashmir Day Observed?

A Kashmir Day Procession

People from different walks of society gather at important public buildings and light candles to honor the efforts of the people of Kashmir. However, with our fast-paced life today, people don’t come out in great numbers for the Kashmir Day celebration anymore. But some people do still turn out to show یکجہتی (Yakjehti), or solidarity, with Kashmiris and to pressure the Indian government to resolve the Kashmir issue as soon as possible.

In addition to the traditional gathering of people, there are often many festivities in Pakistan on this day. From Kashmir Day speeches to student debates, a common thread woven through this holiday is that of inspiring an end to the conflict.

Kashmir Day performances or parades are common, and there are many opportunities to explore Kashmir’s culture on this day.

4. A Resolution from the UN

The UN has passed a resolution that gives the people of Kashmir the right to take part in a referendum that will decide whether Kashmiris want to be with Pakistan or India. But Indian governments have not carried out the referendum, and they don’t accept the decision of the UN. The killings, political instability, and damage to women and children keep worsening with time in this part of the world.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Kashmir Day

Silhouette of Raising Hands Toward Sky and Flying Birds

Ready to go over some of the vocabulary words we saw in this article? Here’s some important Kashmir Day Urdu vocabulary you should know!

  • بھارت (Bharat) — India
  • جلوس (jaloos) — procession
  • آذادی (Azadi) — freedom
  • چهٹی (Chutti) — holiday
  • یکجہتی (Yakjehti) — solidarity
  • رائے شماری (Rai shumari) — plebiscite
  • تقسیم ہند (Taqseem e hind) — partition
  • مسلم (Muslim) — Muslim
  • مجاہد (Mujahid) — freedom fighters
  • قبضہ (Qabza) — occupy
  • ظلم (Zulm) — atrocity

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Urdu Kashmir Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

As you can see, Kashmir Day in Pakistan is an incredibly important holiday, and one that’s very close to the hearts of people living in Kashmir, who long for آذادی (Azadi), or freedom, after a long and trying conflict.

If you would like to learn more about Pakistan’s culture, UrduPod101.com has many useful resources for you to enjoy:

Whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Pakistani culture or wanting to learn the Urdu language, know that UrduPod101.com has all the resources you need. With tons of fun and practical lessons for beginners, intermediate learners, and more advanced students, there’s something for everyone!

What are you waiting for? Create your free lifetime account today and reach your learning goals in no time.

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The Urdu Calendar: Talking About Dates in Urdu

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Did you know there are many different types of calendars?

As you probably know - a calendar is a system of organizing days in weeks and months for specific purposes, according to Wikipedia.

Worldwide, most countries use the Gregorian calendar. Some just work on the same framework, meaning that time is divided into units based on the earth’s movement around the sun - the “solar calendar”. Other calendars keep time by observing the moon’s movements, a combination of the moon and the sun’s movements, and seasons.

Through UrduPod101, you can learn all about this and so much more! Our themed, culturally relevant lessons are skillfully designed so you can do your planning perfectly for a holiday or a date.

Having a good plan for a visit or a trip is like studying well for an exam. You’re just so much better prepared! For that, you could well need specific phrases to plan around appointments and such, especially on business trips. Make sure to use the charts we provide here with the days of the week in Urdu, as well as the months in Urdu to navigate your way as you plan. Great resources!

Also - always remember to have fun!

Table of Contents

  1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Urdu?
  2. Talking About your Plans
  3. Can UrduPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

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1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Urdu?

Days of the Week

Well, that’s not a difficult question to answer. No matter why you’re travelling, it would be best to at least know the names of days and months in Urdu. You don’t want to miss your flight or an appointment because you confused “جمعہ” (”Juma,” Friday) with “ہفتہ” (”Hafta,” Saturday)! Or maybe you planned a holiday for “جولائی” (July, literally romanized as “July”), but you booked a flight for “جون” (June, also literally just “June̶ ;) by accident!

Avoid this confusion by learning the Urdu calendar before you leave.

Now, as promised, the 15 phrases to help you make and discuss plans.


2. Talking About your Plans

Months of the Year

Perhaps you’re working in Pakistan, or maybe you’re enjoying a prolonged holiday. Fabulous! Memorize these phrases so you can be sure to successfully negotiate meetings, appointments, dates, events, the list goes on!

1. آپ اس ہفتے کے آخر میں کیا کر رہے ہیں؟

aap iss haftay kay aakhir mei kya kar rahay hai?
“What are you doing this weekend?”

This question is usually a preamble to inviting someone somewhere. Given that it’s over the weekend, it probably means a casual get-together or another social event. (But not necessarily! A manager or boss could also ask this for entirely different reasons.)

It’s a handy phrase to know when you’ve made Pakistani or expat friends in the country. Or, be the one doing the inviting. Then train your ear to learn the following phrases so you can understand the response.

2. میں اس ہفتے کے آخر میں سفر کر رہا ہوں.

Mei iss haftay ky aakhir mein safar ker raha hun.
“I am traveling this weekend.”

This could be a reply if you’re not available because you’re doing other fun stuff.

No matter why you are visiting Pakistan, do take the time to explore the country! It’s beautiful and it has so many wonderful, interesting spots ready to be visited.

Couple at booking in Desk

3. میں گھر پر رہنے کا منصوبہ بنا رہا ہوں.

Mei ghar per rehnay ka mansuba bana raha hun.
“I am planning to stay at home.”

Maybe you feel unwell, but don’t want to give too much information? Or maybe you have work to do? Perhaps you just need some quiet gardening time…it doesn’t matter. This response is polite and honest without oversharing.

It could also be a slightly open-ended response, depending on how you deliver it. Because hey, being home could still mean your plans are flexible, right?

That said - depending on your relationship with the inviter, nuances like these will probably not be so apparent in a foreign culture. So, best to use this excuse for declining an invitation only if you are truly set on staying in.

Woman Doing Gardening

4. اس ہفتے میں مصروف ہوں.

Iss haftay mei masroof hun.
“This week I am busy.”

Another polite phrase that gives a reason for declining an invitation but without oversharing details.

Don’t decline too many invitations, though! You don’t want people to think that you’re too busy to hang out with them. They will stop inviting you out, and you know how the saying goes - all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy…! Being social is good for the soul.

5. میں کل فارغ ہوں.

Mei kal farigh hun.
“I am free tomorrow.”

Yay! Perhaps you were approached by that person and they asked about your availability for a date. This would be a fine reply. Not too eager, but still indicating that you’re interested.

Or maybe you’re just replying to a colleague or manager’s request for a meeting. Polite, honest and clear.

Alternatively, you’re just busy right now, and plans are not going the way they were…well, planned. Compromise is a lovely thing! And this phrase sounds just like that.

Use it to indicate that you want to accommodate an invitation or the inviter’s plans, despite your current unavailability. Only if you are really free, of course.

6. کیا ہم اس کو دوبارہ شیڈول کرسکتے ہیں؟

Kia hum iss ko dobara schedule ker saktay hain?
“Can we reschedule this?”

So, life happened and you are unable to meet obligations or attend a planned meeting. This is a suitable question to ask if you wish to indicate your willingness to still engage with whatever is on the table.

Obviously you should (ideally) not ask to reschedule a party or big meeting! (Unless you’re the boss or it’s your own party, of course.) But if there’s reasonable wiggle room regarding arrangements, then this one’s your question.

Business Man Sitting with Schedule

7. میرے پاس مہینے کے آخر میں کافی وقت ہوگا.

Meray pas mahinay ky aakhir mein kafi waqt hoga.
“I will have enough time at the end of the month.”

A go-to phrase when events or activities are likely to take up a lot of your time, such as going away for a weekend, spending the day at a local market, or writing your manager’s quarterly report (with 20 flow-charts in Powerpoint) - anything that won’t only take an hour or two.

8. آپ کو کون سا وقت سب سے ذیادہ مناسب لگتا ہے؟

Aap ko kaun sa waqt sab say ziada munasib lagta hai?
“When is the best time that suits you?”

Remember phrase #5? That was a possible reply to this question. Asked by your crush, very possibly! Or, it could be asked by any other person for any other reason, doesn’t matter.

If this is addressed to you, it usually means that the person respects your time and schedule, which is a good thing. It probably also means that their own schedule is flexible, another good thing.

This is also a polite question to ask when a manager or senior colleague wants to meet with you. Let them decide on the time, and be as accommodating as possible. This attitude shows respect for seniority - good for career building. (Within reason, of course. You don’t need to postpone your wedding or your paid-up holiday to Australia because your manager wants to see you.)

Screen Tablet Hotel

9. کیا یہ تاریخ آپ کے لیے ٹھیک ہے؟

Kia yeh tareekh aap ky liye theek hai?
“Is this date OK with you?”

But - if the other party insists that you choose a time for a meeting, appointment, or date etc., then do so! Respond with this nice, somewhat casual question that leaves space for negotiation, but only needs a simple reply.

Suitable for friends, and casual acquaintances and colleagues.

10. کیا آپ اس دن دستیاب ہیں؟

Kia aap uss din dastiyab hain?
“Are you available on that day?”

This is the a-bit-more-formal version of the previous question. Again, it has room for negotiation, but only needs a simple response - nice and neat!

Maybe this is the go-to question when you’re addressing your seniors at work, or a person much older than you.

11. کیا ہم اسے جلد از جلد کر سکتے ہیں؟

Kia hum isay jald az jald ker saktay hain?
“Can we do it as soon as possible?”

This question has an urgency to it that should preferably be responded to with the same. A simple reply will be good - yes or no. Less negotiable, this is still polite because it’s a question that gives you a choice.

But stand ready with one of the phrases in this article to help tie down a time and date!

Couple Getting Engaged on a Bridge

12. میں ہر شام دستیاب ہوں.

Mei har sham dastiyaad hun.
“I’m available every evening”

If you’re going to reply with this phrase, context is everything.

- If it’s your manager asking you to put in a bit of overtime, and you are available to - great reply! When deadlines are tight and everybody is stressing, your willingness to go the extra mile can only improve your relationship with your boss.

(Still, no need to be a doormat! If you get asked to work overtime too often, or if everyone else is goofing around while you have to graft, then re-evaluate the situation. And if you feel you’re being exploited a bit, don’t stress! Equip yourself with the diplomatic, yet assertive responses right in this article.)

- If it’s an old friend or longtime significant other asking to hang out - good reply. You know one another and appearances don’t matter any longer.

- If it’s a new crush who just asked when you’d be available for a date - stop. Not such a great reply. Tone down a bit! “Interested but not overly eager” is what you’re going for here.

Refer back to response #5, or use a counter-question, such as #1. Whatever suits you.

But if they - or anyone else - invite you to scale the Himalayas with them, then the next phrase will probably be the only sane response!

Mountaineer in Snow

13. مجھے اس کی بہت پہلے منصوبہ بندی کرنی ہو گی.

Mujhay iss ki bohat pehlay mansuba bandi kerni hogi.
“I need to plan this well in advance.”

So, as said under #9, perhaps you’re invited to join someone conquer the Himalayas.

Or your company manager wants you to plan the Party that Tops All Year-End Parties Forever.

Simply - if you get asked to do something that you know will need a lot of thorough planning, this is a good phrase to respond with.

It’s an assertive phrase that demonstrates two things regarding your attitude:

a) That you know your own abilities, and respect your own schedule.
b) That your respect other people’s time and schedule too.

Then just be sure to actually do that planning well in advance!

14. ہمیں کوئی اور تاریخ تلاش کرنے کی ضرورت ہے.

Humein koi aur tareekh talash kernay ki zarurat hai.
“We need to find another date.”

So, you’re in negotiations regarding a date.

This is an assertive statement that should probably not be used with a “My way or the highway” attitude.

That stuff only works in the movies - think sharp-tongued Samuel L. Jackson. Or fierce Kristen Stewart. Yea, they can be scary, so tone down that tone.

Also, be mindful that fickle people who change plans all the time don’t keep friends! Taking others’ needs into consideration, while simultaneously having your way is a delicate art that takes proper cultivation. Use this phrase sparingly - we have better ones here to negotiate with.

Rock Concert Hands in the Air

Of course, if your planned trip to the dentist falls on the same day as the only Billie Eilish concert close by…well, priorities are priorities. Feel free to call the dentist with this phrase. Or even better, use the next one.

15. میں یہ اس دن نہیں کر سکتا.

Mei yeh uss din nahin ker sakta.
“I cannot do it on that day.”

This is the low-key-but-still-firm cousin of the previous phrase. You’re stating a personal fact, and depending on your tone, this can be as non-negotiable as you prefer.

Again, only use this when you really mean it, if you’re visiting Pakistan or any other foreign country.

So, that’s it, folks! Which phrase did you find the most helpful? Let us know in the comments!


3. Can UrduPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

Numbers

Well yes, of course!

We think you will find these phrases easy to use when talking about dates and months in Urdu. But knowing how to employ them properly could help you avoid sticky situations!

UrduPod101 is uniquely geared to help you with this and so much more.

This InnovativeLanguage.com initiative is one of many online language-learning courses. With us, you’ll find it easy and fun to learn a new language, and here are a few reasons why:

  • Immediately upon enrollment, you’ll receive hundreds of well-designed lessons to get you going.
  • Watch superb recordings of native Urdu speakers in cool slide-shows - the easy way to practice till you sound just like a native speaker yourself!
  • Also immediately upon enrollment, you’ll get access to a huge library of free resources! These include extensive, theme-based Vocabulary Lists and a Word of the Day List (For free, hot bargains!) These alone are sure to give your vocab-learning boxing gloves.
  • You’ll also immediately be able to use an excellent and free Urdu online dictionary. Necessary for quick, handy translations, no matter where you find yourself.
  • For the serious learner, there are numerous enrollment upgrades available, one of which offers you a personal, online Pakistani host. Allow us to hold your hand and support you in your learning!

If you’re serious about mastering Urdu easily yet correctly, UrduPod101 is definitely one of, if not the best, online language learning platforms available. Talking about your plans or dates in Urdu need not ever spoil your stay.

So, hurry up—enroll today!

Learn How to Talk About Your Family in Urdu

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Did you know that only some reptiles and birds don’t parent their offspring? Except for crocodiles, all reptiles (and one family of bird species called megapodes) hatch from eggs and grow up alone, without any family.

The rest of us need family if we are to survive and thrive - humans and animals alike!

At UrduPod101, we know how important family is. Therefore, we take care to teach you all the important vocabulary and phrases pertaining to family.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Is It Important to Know Urdu Vocabulary about Family?
  2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first
  3. How UrduPod101 Can Help You Learn Urdu Family Terms

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Urdu


1. Why Is It Important to Know Urdu Vocabulary about Family?

Lioness with Cub

Well, if you’re serious about studying any new language, then learning about the most important social unit in Pakistani culture would be a crucial part of your education.

What is family, though? Strictly speaking, it’s a group of people who live together and are supposed to take care of one another. Some of them are genetically linked.

Family isn’t just about who we’re related to by blood, of course. It’s also one of the main influences in shaping every child’s life.

Family is Important for Children’s Healthy Development

Phrases Parents Say

Family is the single most important influence in a child’s life. Children depend on parents and family to protect them and provide for their needs from the day they were born.

Primary caregivers, which usually comprise parents and family, form a child’s first relationships. They are a child’s first teachers and are role models that show kids how to act and experience the world around them.

By nurturing and teaching children during their early years, families play an important role in making sure children are ready to learn when they enter school.

Families Can Take All Shapes and Sizes

However, the way families are put together is by no means standard.

Mom and Daughter

Single-parent and same-gender households have become a new norm the past few decades, and there’s no shame in this. When there is love, connection and proper care, a child can thrive anywhere.

Everyone also knows that sometimes friends can become like family and remain with us for life, because it’s all about human connection.

After all, we share many commonalities simply because we’re human, and we are programmed to connect with one another and belong to a group. This is very important for our well-being and survival.

It’s All About Feeling Connected

As John Northman, a psychologist from Buffalo, NY, told WebMD - feeling connected to others contributes to mental as well as physical health.

He pointed out that when people feel connected, they feel better physically, and they’re also less likely to feel depressed.

Couples Chatting

Or, if they do feel depressed, they’d be in a better position to get out of it when they feel they are connecting with others. This is because they would be psychologically supported too, Northman said.

There has even been some links drawn between addiction and feeling disconnected from others. According to an article in Psychology Today, research indicates that addiction is not solely a substance disorder, but also affected by people feeling insecurely attached to others.

It showed that securely attached individuals tend to feel comfortable in and enjoy life, while insecurely attached people typically struggle to fit in and connect.


2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first

So, it’s clear that for most of us, family is our entry point into connection and belonging. This is true of every culture, so in every country, family takes prominence.

For this reason, UrduPod101 offers culturally-relevant lessons that will equip you well to understand families in Pakistan.

Here are some of the most important Urdu vocabulary and quotes about family and parenting!

A) Urdu Family Vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic vocabulary. Without this collection of words, you’ll have a hard time describing any member of your family at all.

Family Terms
Family
خاندان (khaandaan)
Great grandfather
پردادا (Pardada)
Mother
ماں (maa)
Grandmother
دادی, نانی (daadi, naani)
Father
باپ (baap)
Grandfather
دادا, نانا (daada, naana)
Wife
بیوی (biwi)
Grandchild
پوتا (poota)
Husband
شوہر (shohar)
Granddaughter
پوتی (pooti)
Parent
والدین (walidein)
Grandson
پوتا (poota)
Child
بچہ (bacha)
Aunt
چاچی (chachi)
Daughter
بیٹی (beti)
Uncle
چچا (chacha)
Sister
بہن (behan)
Niece
بھتیجی (bhatijay)
Brother
بھائی (bhai)
Nephew
بھتیجے (bhatijay)
Younger sister
چھوٹی بہن (choti behan)
Younger brother
چھوٹا بھائی (chota bhai)
Older brother
بڑا بھائی (bara bhai)
Great grandmother
عظیم دادی (azeem dadi)
Cousin
کزن (cousin)
Mother-in-law
ساس (saas)
Father-in-law
سسر (susar)
Sister-in-law
سالی (saali)
Brother-in-law
بہنوئی (behanoi)
Partner
ساتھی (sathi)

Family of Three

B) Quotes About Family

Urdu Family Quotes

One of the ways to improve your Urdu language skills is by memorizing quotes from books, or poems.

Either source some from Urdu literature, or make use of ours!

آپ اپنے خاندان کا انتخاب نہیں کرتے. وہ خدا کی طرف سے آپ کو تحفہ ہیں، جیسے آپ ان کیلئے۔

aap apnay khandaan ka intikhab naheen kertay. Woh Khuda ki taraf say aap ko tohfa hain, Jaysay aap unkay liye.
“You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them.” - Desmond Tutu

خاندان کے ایک اہم چیز نہیں ہے. یہ سب کچھ ہے۔

Khandaan aik aihum cheez naheen hay, ye sab kuch hay.
“Family is not an important thing. It’s everything.” - Michael J. Fox

خاندان کا مطلب ہے کسی کو پیچھے چھوڑنا یا بھولنا نہیں

Khandaan ka matlab hay keh kisi ko pechay chorna ya bhoolna naheen.
“Family means no one gets left behind or forgotten.” - David Ogden Stiers

میرا خاندان میری طاقت اور میری کمزوری ہے.

Mera khandan meri taaqat or meri kamzouri hay.
“My family is my strength and my weakness.” - Aishwarya Rai

خاندان قدرت کے کریشموں میں سے ایک ہے.

Khandan qudrat kay karishmon main say aik hay
“The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” - George Santayana

جب مصیبت آتی ہے تو یہ آپ کا خاندان ہوتا ہے جو آپ کو سہارہ دیتا ہے

jab museebat aati hai to yeh aap ka khaandaan hota hai jo aap ko sahaara deta hai
“When trouble comes, it’s your family that supports you.” - Guy Lafleur

خاندان انسانی معاشرے کی پہلی ضروری اکائی ہے.

Khandan Insaani muaashray ki pehli zaroori eekaee hay.
“The family is the first essential cell of human society.” - Pope John XXIII

پورے خاندان کے ساتھ ہنسی مذاق سے بڑھ کر کوئی چیز ہو ہی نہیں سکتی

pooray khaandan ka sath hansi mazaq se barh kar koi cheez ho hi nahin sakti
“There is no such thing as fun for the whole family.” - Jerry Seinfeld

آپ کو اپنے اعزاز کا دفاع کرنا ہے، اور اپنے خاندان کا بھی۔

aap ko apnay aayzaaz ka difaa kerna hay. or apnay khandaan ka.
“You have to defend your honor. And your family.” - Suzanne Vega

تمام خوش و خرم خاندان ایک جیسے ہوتے ہیں؛ تمام ناخوش خاندان اپنے اپنے طریقے سے ناخوش ہے۔

tamaam kushokhurram khandan aik jaysay hotay hain; tamam na khush khandan apnay apnay tariqay say nakhush hay.
“All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” - Leo Tolstoy

C) Test Your Knowledge!

Do you feel you have learned a lot in this blog? Let’s quickly test that!

In the table below, match the Urdu vocabulary on the left with the definition of the relative in the right column.

MY RELATIVES
Relative Name Definition
1. خاندان a. My male child
2. ماں b. My older male sibling
3. باپ c. My female sibling
4. بیوی d. My child’s child
5. شوہر e. My child’s female child
6. والدین f. My female parent
7. بچہ g. My grandparent’s mother
8. بیٹی h. Mother to one of my parents
9. بیٹا i. Relatives
10. بہن j. My female child
11. بھائی k. My younger male sibling
12. چھوٹی بہن l. Male spouse
13. چھوٹا بھائی m. The father of one of my parents
14. بڑا بھائی n. My child’s male child
15. عظیم دادی o. My children’s father or mother
16. پردادا p. The sister of one of my parents
17. دادی, نانی q. The brother of one of my parents
18. دادا, نانا r. My male parent
19. پوتا s. My sibling’s female child
20. پوتی t. My sibling’s male child
21. پوتا u. My male sibling
22. چاچی v. My parents’ sibling’s child
23. چچا w. Female spouse
24. بھتیجی x. The grandfather of one of my parents
25. بھتیجے y. The person I am a parent to
26. کزن z. My younger female sibling

How did it go? Don’t worry if you had trouble with it - you’ll get there! With a bit of practice, and our help at UrduPod101, you’ll soon have these family terms under the belt.

Family Shopping


3. How UrduPod101 Can Help You Learn Urdu Family Terms

We hope that we helped you expand your family in Urdu vocabulary!

UrduPod101, with its innovative online learning system, stands out among online learning platforms to help you master Urdu easily.

Our lessons are tailored not only to increase your language skills, but to also inform you of Pakistani culture, including the Pakistani family structure.

When you sign up, you will get instant access to tools like:

1 - An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
2 - A new Urdu word to learn every day
3 - Quick access to the Urdu Key Phrase List
4 - A free Urdu online dictionary
5 - The excellent 100 Core Urdu Word List
6 - An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

Further speed up your learning with the help of a personal tutor, who will first assess your current Urdu language abilities to personalize your training and tailor it to your needs.

Hard work always pays off, and to help you in this, UrduPod101 will be there every step of the way toward your Urdu mastery!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Urdu

Answers: 1.i. 2.f. 3.r. 4.w. 5.l. 6.o. 7.y. 8.j. 9.a. 10.c. 11.u. 12.z. 13.k. 14.b. 15.g 16.x. 17.h. 18.m. 19.d. 20.e. 21.n. 22.p. 23.q. 24.s. 25.t. 26.v.

UrduPod101’s Essential Urdu Travel Phrase Guide

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Traveling to foreign countries is nearly always an exciting, enriching, and beneficial experience. Yet, some things can be real downers, such as boredom on a lengthy flight to Pakistan. Really, binge-watching onboard movies can only be interesting for so long! And jet lag - another huge downer. Did you know that jet lag is more severe when you travel from the West to the East?

Well, we won’t know how to beat that, but there are fortunately plenty of remedies around to investigate.

To beat flight boredom, though, we may have the answer for you at UrduPod101! Why don’t you take the time to study Urdu travel phrases? We make this super easy and fun, with great downloadables, like our PDF Cheat Sheets. Quickly memorize these, and impress your Pakistani friends or travel guide with your flawless Urdu!

Table of Contents

  1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases
  2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words
  3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases
  4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country
  5. UrduPod101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!

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1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases

Impressing Pakistani people or your travel partners will be the least of the benefits you reap from learning these helpful phrases. These are greater ones:

1) Eliminate Travel Frustration: First of all, you’ll be able to cut out a good chunk of travel frustration and inconvenience due to language barriers.

Know how to pronounce and use at least the basic Urdu phrases, and then just look foreign. This should go a long way to help you get by and win you friends, because locals would be more inclined to help someone who took the trouble to learn a smidgen of their language.

Injured Woman In An Ambulance

2) Emergency Readiness: In case of an emergency, you will be able to get help a lot quicker if you know how to ask for what in Urdu. Imagine miming to a doctor or nurse that you have a sore ear but that you’re allergic to penicillin. Not so easy, right?

Rather, you should know basic emergency travel phrases, especially if you suffer from a serious condition. Also, information about life-threatening allergies you have should always be on your person in the language of the country you’re visiting.

3) Sight-Seeing Readiness: Hopefully, you also travel to learn more about a country’s culture. Visiting the main tourist sites in Pakistan will be more interesting if you know how to ask pertinent questions in Urdu.

In this blog, we’ll also be giving you important travel phrases to consider - from the 13 essential must-have phrases to ones that are just generally useful and good to know.

Let’s get cracking!


2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words

Preparing to Travel

Seasoned explorers of multiple countries will tell you that certain words and phrases are absolute must-knows in anyone’s travel vocabulary. Learning from them, we collated some of the most essential ones here for you.

If you know these travel phrases and words by heart in Urdu, you will be much better equipped for your visit than most of your movie-binging travel mates.

1) شکریہ / shukria (Thank you)

As a tourist, you will be relying on the kindness of strangers to get by. Repay them with a small acknowledgment of their friendly generosity - know how to say “thank you” in Urdu.

2) آپ انگریزی بولتے ہیں؟ / Aap angrezi boltay hain? (Do you speak English?)

While it may be a bit of a cop-out, sometimes you just can’t figure out how to communicate. Maybe you’re blanking on one specific word you need, maybe they’re speaking with a heavy accent, or maybe it’s just really late and you really want to get to the hotel. In that case, try asking if they speak English, and hopefully you can make things a little bit simpler for yourself.

Don’t abuse this phrase, though! If you just try to get by without learning any of the local language, not only will you not learn anything - you’ll be out of luck if they can’t speak English!

Man Greeting Someone

3) کیا ایرپورٹ سے شہر کی طرف کوئی بس جاتی ہے؟ / Kia airport say shehar ki taraf koi bus jati hai? (Is there a bus from the airport to the city?)

Public transit is usually cheaper, if slower, than taking a taxi or rideshare. Use this phrase to see if you can get where you’re going when you’re strapped for cash, or just when you’d like to take the scenic route into town!

4) کیا یہ ہوائی اڈے کے لئے صحیح بس ہے؟ / Kia yeh hawai aday ky liye sahih bus hai? (Is this the right bus for the airport?)

Likewise, if you’re the kind of person who can get themselves moving early (or maybe you just have a late flight), maybe you want to take the bus to the airport rather than taking a cab. If that’s the case, you’ll want to be sure you’re actually heading the right way! You wouldn’t want to end up at a lookout point half an hour away, watching your flight take off in the distance, would you?

5) مجھے معاف کیجئے گا، کرایہ کیا ہے؟ / Mujhay maaf kijiye ga, kiraya kia hai? (Excuse me, what’s the fare?)

If you are paying for a cab, you’ll want to know how much. Most legal taxis will have meters, but when dealing with a currency you’re not familiar with, it can be worth asking just to double check that you’re paying the right amount - especially if the currency has cents.

6) میری ریزرویشن ہے / Meri reservation hai (I have a reservation)

This one you can expect to use at least a few times throughout your trip, unless you’re the kind of person who travels by the seat of their pants and just goes to whatever hotel, motel, or hostel has rooms available.

7) آپ کے پاس آج رات کوئی خالی جگہ ہے؟ / aap kay paas aaj raat koi khaali jagah hai? (Do you have any vacancies tonight?)

If that’s the case, you’ll definitely be using this phrase instead. Quite possibly a lot, depending on how lucky you are!

Couple with a Map

8 ) ٹرین سٹیشن کہاں ہے؟ / Train station kahan hai? (Where is the train station?)

If you’re in a country with an expansive commuter rail system (or maybe just a fan of other types of locomotives), you may want to know where the closest station is. Just don’t go looking for pennies on the rails!

9) میں مونگ پهلی سے الرجک ہوں / Mei moong phali say allergic hun (I am allergic to peanuts)

Replace “peanuts” with whatever the word for your allergen may be. If your allergy is serious, you probably already know the importance of stating this very clearly in Urdu.

If the condition is life-threatening, be sure to have a letter or prescription from a medical professional in Urdu on your person at all times. Consider getting a medical alert bracelet specially made in Urdu if your stay will be longer than a month or so.

Person Declining Meat

10) آپ کےپاس کوئی سبزی والی ڈشز ہیں؟ / aap kay paas koi sabzi wali dishes hain? (Do you have any vegetarian dishes?)

If you dislike eating certain things, or you have certain dietary restrictions, it would be best if you knew how to convey this clearly in Urdu.

Remember, though, that saying “I’m vegan” or “I’m diabetic” may not be enough to get you what you want. The rules for veganism and vegetarianism are not standard everywhere in the world. Also, your patron might not understand what “diabetic” means. If you have a medical condition, it would be best to research some in-depth vocabulary beforehand.

11) کیا مجهے ایک نقشہ مل سکتا ہے؟ / Kiya mujhy aik naqsha mil sakta hai? (Could I get a map?)

Planning on exploring your destination? Hopelessly lost? Maybe just an amateur cartographer? No matter the reason, this phrase is sure to come in handy. That said, you’re more likely to get use out of it at some sort of tourist or travel center than you are asking a random passerby on the street.

12) یہ کتنے کا ہے ؟ / Yeh kitnay ka hai? (How much is this?)

Even if you’re not a big shopper, you’re probably going to need this phrase at some point. Knowing how to count in Urdu will, of course, help a lot with purchases too.

13) کیا آپ کریڈٹ کارڈ لیتے ہیں؟ / Kia aap credit card letay hain? (Do you take credit card?)

This is another travel phrase that will smooth your monetary transactions considerably.

Man Giving Credit Card to a Clerk


3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases

Travel Verbs

Unlike the previous phrases, these are not really essential so much as they are useful. Yet, knowing these will still smooth over some bumps on your journey, more than just knowing the crucial phrases would.

1) کیا وائی ​​فائی مفت ہے؟ / Kia wi fi muft hay? (Is the Wi-Fi free?)

If you’re abroad, your normal cellular plans probably won’t have any service, and you’ll be totally reliant on publically available Wi-Fi while you’re out and about. Just ask a server, clerk, or attendant, and they’ll be happy to let you know. Just make sure you’re paying attention when they tell you the password!

2) براہ مہربانی کیا آپ میری ایک تصویر لے سکتے ہیں؟ / Barah e meharbani kia aap meri aik tasveer lay saktay hain? (Could you take a picture of me please?)

What would a trip be with no photos to commemorate the event? Just be sure to ask this of someone who actually looks like they’d be willing to, unless you’re willing to risk being given the cold shoulder or worse. If you’re at a tourist attraction, you’ll find that most people are more than happy to take one for you, so long as you take one of them as well!

3) آپ کےپاس کوئی بھی سفارشات ہیں ؟ / Aap kay pas koi bhi sifarishaat hain? (Do you have any recommendations?)

Eating alone in a restaurant? Or going out with new Pakistani friends or business colleagues? Let them help you decide what to have.

4) براہِ مہربانی میں ایک غیر تمباکو نوشی والی نشست لینا پسند کروں گا۔ / barahe meharbai main ek ghair tambaaku noshi wali nashist lena pasand karun ga (I’d like to have a non-smoking seat, please)

Though smoking has gone out of fashion in some places, it’s still popular in others. In the event you’re at a restaurant where smoking is allowed on premises, you can always ask this question to the staff and be seated elsewhere.

5) براہ کرم پانی دیں۔ / Barah e karam pani dain (Water, please)

If you’ve emptied your glass, or are cutting yourself off after a few drinks, you can always ask for some water. It can be especially useful if the restaurant is busy to the point you need to call out to someone to get service.

6) کیا میں چیک لے سکتاهوں؟ / Kia mei check le sakta hun? (Could I have the check?)

To finish off the restaurant related phrases, if you’re eating with friends or really want to impress your colleagues, taking the bill can be a nice treat for them. Of course, this phrase could come in handy as well if you’re eating alone and you’re just impatient to leave.

7) آپ تحفے کے لئے کیا تجویز کرتے ہیں؟ / Aap tohfay ky liye kia tajweez kertay hain? (What do you recommend for a souvenir?)

Now that your trip is over, what better way to cap it all off than a memento, or maybe a gift for friends and family at home? It’ll be nicer to have something recommended by the locals than a cheap bauble from the airport store, so go ahead and ask someone you’ve met what they think.


4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country

Survival Phrases

When traveling, it’s possible to keep communication smooth when you don’t share a language.

Do so by keeping these five tips in mind. They are aimed to help you communicate with those who cannot speak English very well, and also to keep your traveling experience pleasant!

1. Keep your English simple and easy to understand.
If the person you are talking to speaks very little English, use basic verbs, adjectives, and nouns, and keep sentences short.

However, don’t patronize them by talking in pidgin or like you would address a child. Keep your speech simple but natural, and use the correct grammar.

For instance, don’t say: “You come when?”. If you say: “When will you come?”, you will very likely be understood, and may even help someone who wants to improve their English.

2. Ask someone to write information down.
Apply Rule 1 first at your hotel, where the staff is very likely to be able to speak some English. Get them to write down, in their native language, things like: “I would like to go to the airport, please,” “Please take me to the beach,” or “Where is the closest bathroom?”

These written questions are something you can then give to taxi drivers or any other people who are willing and able to help you. This simple step could make your life a lot easier when you travel to a foreign country!

3. Avoid asking leading questions!
If you want the correct information from a non-native English speaker, that is.

When you need directions, for instance, don’t ask: “To get to the bus stop, do I need to turn left here?” If the person didn’t really understand you, you will probably just get a smile and a “Yes,” which could possibly make you miss your bus.

Rather, you should ask: “Where is the bus stop?” If they understand you, you will get the correct directions.

4. Pick the right person to ask for help.
Time to look at people and think a bit about their appearance! A younger person who looks like they might be a student is more likely to have English skills than the friendly but ancient lady smiling at you from a fruit stall.

If you don’t see anyone like that, head into town to the nearest bank, hospital, pharmacy, or hotel. The staff at those places usually speak a bit of English.

5. Know when to quit.
If you stuck to the above rules, but the person you are talking to only stares at you blankly, say thank you and leave. Hanging around hoping someone will suddenly understand and respond is just wasting your time, and may irritate them as well. Go find someone else.


5. UrduPod101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!

So, reader, have you found this article helpful?

Do you feel comfortable enough to use some essential travel phrases in Urdu? We’d also love to hear if you think we left out important travel phrases. Leave your suggestions and opinions in the comments!

UrduPod101 takes the lead with many free learning tools to help you master Urdu reading and speaking easily, and in fun ways.

These tools include:

- An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
- A new Urdu word to learn every day
- Quick access to the Urdu Key Phrase List
- A free Urdu online dictionary
- The excellent 100 Core Urdu Word List
- An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

You will also have access to topic-specific recordings like our Before You Travel: Survival Phrases lesson.

Learn even more efficiently with the help of a personal tutor, after taking an assessment test to personalize and tailor your training.

Getting a tutor is also a good option if you meet challenges in your learning, or need to fast-track correct pronunciation and diction. Your very own friendly, Urdu-speaking teacher will be only a text away on a special app, anywhere, anytime - an excellent option for business persons!

Using a guided learning system that was developed by experts in language and online education, you’ll receive personal feedback and constant support to improve in no time. You’ll also be tasked with weekly assignments in reading, writing, and speaking to hone your Urdu speaking skills.

Imagine how impressed your Pakistani friends or colleagues will be when you display your excellent conversational skills! With UrduPod101, getting there will be easy and fun.

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The Prophet’s Birthday: Eid Milad un Nabi

Eid Milad un Nabi

Each year, a number of Muslims living in Pakistan and around the world celebrate the Prophet’s birthday. While not one of Islam’s two official holidays (which are Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha), Muslims usually take advantage of this holiday to show their love and devotion toward the Prophet (Peace be upon Him).

In this article, you’ll learn all about Eid Milad un Nabi (also called Eid Miladun Nabi), most especially the modern traditions and perceptions surrounding it.

At UrduPod101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative! Let’s get started.

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1. What is Eid Milad un Nabi in Islam?

The birthday of the prophet (Peace be upon Him) is a public holiday with government approbation in most Muslim countries, including Pakistan, and countries that have a significant Muslim population. The day honors the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).

But did you know that not all Muslims celebrate this holiday? We’ll go into that more later in this article.

2. Eid Milad un Nabi Date

Islam

The Birthday of Nabi (Peace be upon Him) is celebrated on the twelfth day of the third month of the Islamic calendar, which is Rabi al-Awwal. The date of Eid Milad un Nabi varies from year to year on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: November 10
  • 2020: October 29
  • 2021: October 20
  • 2022: October 9
  • 2023: September 28
  • 2024: September 17
  • 2025: September 6
  • 2026: August 27
  • 2027: August 16
  • 2028: August 4

3. How is the Birth of Muhammad Celebrated?

Man Giving Sermon

1- Common Traditions

Celebrations for Eid Milad un Nabi in Pakistan are some of the world’s largest, aimed at extolling the prophet (Peace be upon Him).

All public buildings in Pakistan fly Pakistan’s national flag, and in the capital city of Islamabad, a 31-gun salute is done at dawn. The provincial capitals perform a 21-gun salute at the same time. Many Muslims also decorate with festive lights.

Further, instead of showing secular movies on the eleventh and twelfth of the month, movie theaters show religious films.

2- The Minar e Pakistan Celebration

Minar e Pakistan in Lahore hosts the world’s largest gathering for the Birthday of Nabi at Minar-e-Pakistan on the night of the eleventh, into the twelfth. Hundreds of people attend the gathering, of which some Muslims become cheerfully fervent as they honor the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).

They sing and chant hymns and praise songs, and read poems in honor of the prophet’s (Peace be upon Him) birth. Further, certain texts about the prophet’s life are typically read and recited.

3- The Eid Milad un Nabi Holiday in Other Countries

In other countries which observe the Birthday of Nabi (Peace be upon Him), the celebrations can vary widely. For example, Indonesia seems to place more importance on this holy day than on Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.

4. Why Don’t All Muslims Celebrate?

Do you know why not all Muslims celebrate this holiday? Read the Urdu text below to find out, and check your reading skills against the English text directly below it.

مذہب کو ماننے والے سبھی مسلمان میلاد النبی کے جشن کی حمایت نہیں کرتے ہیں، وہ اسے غیر مستند اور غیر معتبر مانتے ہیں کیونکہ قرآن میں اس کا کوئی ذکر نہیں ہے۔ چند اسلامی فرقے ان وجوہات کی بنا پر اپنے ممبران کو عید میلاد النبی منانے سے منع بھی کرتے ہیں۔ نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے مسلمانوں کو خبردار کیا ہے کہ مقدس کتاب میں کوئی اضافہ نہ کریں جیسا کہ دیگر مذاہب نے کیا ہے۔ تاہم، وہ لوگ جو میلاد النبی کو چھٹی کا دن نہیں مانتے وہ بھی اپنی محبت کا اظہار کرنے کے لئے نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی ولادت کا جشن منانے کے بجائے آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی یاد میں کچھ وقت صرف کرتے ہیں

Not all espousing Muslims support the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad’s birthday, seeing it as apocryphal at best because it isn’t mentioned in the Quran. A handful of Islamic denominations even forbid their members to observe the Birthday of Nabi for these reasons. The Prophet (Peace be upon Him) warned Muslims not to add to the holy writings as other religions have done. However, those who don’t necessarily see the Birthday of Nabi as a holiday still spend the day focused on the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) for the purpose of demonstrating their love rather than marking his birthday.

5. Essential Vocabulary for Eid Milad un Nabi

Sweets for Holiday

Here’s some Urdu vocabulary for you to memorize before Eid Milad un Nabi!

  • اسلام (Islam) — Islam
  • سالگرہ (saalgirah) — birthday
  • مسجد (masjid) — mosque
  • سجاوٹ (sajaawatt) — decoration
  • چهٹی (Chutti) — holiday
  • نماز (Namaz) — prayer
  • پیغمبر (Peghambar) — prophet
  • عقیدت مند (Aqeedat mand) — devotee
  • مٹھائی (Mithai) — sweets
  • مذہبی واعظ (Mazhabi waaz) — religious sermon
  • برکتیں (Barkatein) — blessing

You can hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and read them alongside relevant images, by visiting our Eid Milad un Nabi vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

As you can see, there are varying perceptions and opinions about the Eid Milad un Nabi holiday in Pakistan. Does your country have a special holiday to celebrate a prominent historical figure, religious or secular? Let us know in the comments!

Learning about a country’s culture may be one of the most fascinating and enriching aspects of trying to master its language. If you would like more cultural information on Pakistan, you may find the following pages on UrduPod101.com useful:

Learning Urdu doesn’t have to be overwhelming or stuffy. At UrduPod101.com, we make every effort to make your learning experience fun, fluid, and effective!

If you’re serious about mastering the language, what are you waiting for? Create your free lifetime account today and learn Urdu like never before!

Happy Urdu learning!

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How to Use Urdu Numbers for Daily Usage

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Especially if you’re planning a prolonged visit to Pakistan, using the correct Urdu numbers for counting in Urdu could be very important! Number systems are the other alphabet in any language. In fact, it is a language all of its own, and it serves a multitude of excellent purposes.

Table of Contents

  1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems
  2. Why is it Important to Learn Urdu Numbers?
  3. Learning Urdu Numbers
  4. Why Choose UrduPod101 to Learn all about Urdu Numbers?

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1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems

Abacus

1. The Ishango Bone

The origin of counting, and with it numbers, is not clear to historians. While their art showed that prehistoric man had a concept of numbers, the first indication of a formal system was found to be only between 20,000 and 35,000 thousand years old. This discovery came around 1960 in the form of the so-called Ishango Bone found in the Congo, Central Africa.

The 10cm/4 inch piece of bone was a fibula from a baboon. It showed markings with a neat, unified pattern of small lines - far too organized and sophisticated to have formed spontaneously. Archeologists believe that those thin markings were carved to keep score of, or count, something. The lines seemed to represent a sequence of prime numbers and a series of duplications. Some even called it the first-ever pocket calculator!

2. Mesopotamia and Greece

Yet, evidence suggests that it wasn’t until about 4,000 years ago that humans truly started counting and using numbers. Together with the development of civilization came developed agriculture, and the need for measurement and score-keeping was increased.

For this reason, a formal number system and mathematics were developed first in the Middle East, in what was then called Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was roughly situated in the area of modern-day Iraq and Kuwait. Allegedly, the system was pretty simple at first. Citizens used tokens that represented a certain number of items, such as one token equalling four goats, etc. This eventually evolved into a system of score marks pressed into clay, which ultimately went on to influence Greek mathematics.

3. Hindu-Arabic Numbers

Zero, meanwhile, was conceived later and elsewhere. Inspired by the Hindu religion, which allows for the concept of infinity and eternity, the Indians invented a symbol to represent nothing. The magic of the zero lies not in itself but its combination with other numbers.

The Indians were also the creators of today’s numbers, which are often referred to as Hindu-Arabic numbers. These comprise one or a combination of just ten symbols or digits: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0.

Europe learned of this numeric system only around 1200 A.D., when they were introduced to it by an Italian mathematician called Leonardo Pisano Bigollo.

Pisano, also known as Fibonacci, is famous for the discovery of a mathematical sequence with countless applications. Yes, math buffs, it’s the well-known Fibonacci sequence, also called the Golden Mean.

The Roman numeric system, which was clumsy next to the newer inventions, gradually lost popularity in the West. It’s from here that they “slowly spread to conquer the world,'’ as Steven Law puts it.


2. Why is it Important to Learn Urdu Numbers?

For us at UrduPod101, this is an easy question to answer! Because we know that numbers are a global unifier.

Counting and numbers have made our lives easier since they were first formulated, even in their most primitive forms.

Numbers in Industry

Without knowing your numbers, you can’t properly communicate about or deal with the following:

1) Your date/time of birth, i.e., your age: This is vital information to be able to give to people like doctors, employers, law enforcement, and so forth.

2) Banking: Worldwide, our monetary systems are built on numbers. Interest, credit scores, and loans all rely on math beyond simple finger counting.

3) Time: Without knowing how to say numbers, you can’t talk or ask about the time and expect to get a useful response. You don’t want to miss an appointment or schedule something for the wrong hour!

4) Ordering data: Numbers bring order to a mostly random life! Scientists even say that numbers and the way they are organized underpin the whole universe. From using them to count your meals’ calories and the number of likes your posts get on social media, to drawing up intricate data charts and explaining existence itself - numbers are what makes these things possible.

All of the above and more are reasons why it is important to know your numbers if you plan on travelling or becoming a foreign worker abroad, in Pakistan or anywhere else!

Little Girl Counting


3. Learning Urdu Numbers

Now, let’s explore the Urdu number system a bit more! Take a look at this infographic.

Language Numbers

Can you make out for yourself what the Urdu numbers between one (1) and nine (9) look and sound like? Easy, right?

Or, if you struggled a bit, no problem. Why not listen to how Urdu numbers one (1) through ten (10) sound when pronounced by our native Urdu speaker and friendly UrduPod101 teacher?

Then, share with us in the comments your native language’s romanized pronunciation of your number system. We’d love to see all the different ways the same numbers can be pronounced!

Hand With a Thumbs Up

When you have mastered the first ten numbers, you have basically nailed the most significant part of the number system. Well done! Curious to learn the numbers from eleven upward? No problem! Why not subscribe and enroll with us now to immediately enjoy this lesson, teaching you all about Urdu numbers eleven (11) to one hundred (100)?

Finally, if you’re curious how the numbers look once you’ve broken one hundred, why not check out our Urdu number vocabulary page? You can see the numbers we’ve just covered, all the way up to four thousand (4,000). Plus, you can also see the Urdu words for different numbers used in example sentences, to get an idea of how you can use them in your day-to-day conversations!


4. Why Choose UrduPod101 to Learn all about Urdu Numbers?

UrduPod101, like all Innovative Language Learning ventures, takes the pain out of learning a new language by adding a lot of fun. It’s never an easy thing to learn a new language, but we formulated all your lessons so they’re nicely bite-sized, and geared to keep you motivated!

Also, we created a great number of fantastic tools to help keep struggle and boredom out of the learning process.

  • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! UrduPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective, and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect with! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Urdu!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Urdu with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Urdu dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about UrduPod101…!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Urdu teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Urdu word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Urdu level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

So, why wait? Sign up with UrduPod101 right away! Also, let us know in the comments if you’ve used this blog post, or any of the free lessons anywhere to master Urdu numbers. Or, even better - share your birthdate using what you’ve learned!

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How to Say Sorry in Urdu

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Learn how to apologize in Urdu - fast and accurately! UrduPod101 makes it easy for you to make amends. Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Urdu Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

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Table of Contents

  1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Urdu
  2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Urdu
  3. Audio Lesson - Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”
  4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Urdu through UrduPod101


1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Urdu

3 Ways to Say Sorry

Nobody’s perfect, not anywhere in the world. Everybody makes mistakes, and does and says regrettable things. Then it’s time to apologize, as saying ‘I’m sorry’ is not in vain. It can be very healing! Did you know that hearing a sincerely-meant apology can have a noticeable effect on a person’s body? Research has shown that it slows down breathing and heart rate, and even causes a drop in blood pressure.

Sometimes we cannot fix what’s broken, but we can make the experience a bit easier for anyone who suffered on account of our thoughtless actions or words.

Here are a number of ways to say sorry in Urdu. In any language, just make sure you really mean it! An insincere apology will not go down well with anyone.

Woman Apologizing

میں معافی چاہتا ہوں (Main maafi chahta hoon).
I’m sorry

These words should precede anything else you have to say. Use them sincerely and whenever you are clearly in the wrong. Acknowledging your guilt and apologizing for any wrongdoing will lift your spirits too! Often, remorse can eat away at us, and a simple ‘I’m sorry’, in Urdu or any other language, can open the door for forgiveness and resolution of a bad situation. It can be a true gift!

میں معذرت کرنا چاہوں گا (Main maazrat karna chahun ga).
I would like to apologize.

This is a slightly more formal way to say ‘I’m sorry’ in Urdu. Use this phrase if you’re addressing your superiors and/or elders.

میں صدق دل سے معذرت خواہ ہوں (Main siqd-e-dil se maazrat khwaah hoon).
I sincerely apologize.

If you feel strongly about your apology, this is another slightly more formal phrase to use. Keep it handy for graver errors, or you might come across as insincere!

میں آئیندہ ایسا نہیں کروں گا (mei aainda aisa nahi karoonga).
I won’t do it again.

A promise you can only make if you intend to keep it! Few things feel as bad as having to hear repeated apologies from someone for the same behavior - it means the ‘sorry’ is not sincere. Don’t be that person!

میں یہ غلطی دوبارہ نہ کرنے کو یقینی بناؤں گا۔ (Main yeh ghalti dubara na karne ko yaqeeni banaun ga).
I’ll make sure not to make this mistake again.

A beautifully strong phrase! Again, say this only if you mean it - not just in the moment, but always! A bit more formal, this is an especially good phrase to use when apologizing to superiors and/or elders. It will make an especially good impression at the workplace, where accountability is an excellent quality to display!

میرا یہ مطلب نہیں تھا (mera yay matlab nahi tha).
I didn’t mean that.

This is a tricky one… What did you mean, then?! Clear up any confusion with sincerity. Also, use this phrase only if the harm done or mistake made was due to an accident, and then admit to thoughtlessness on your part, if appropriate.

یہ میری غلطی ہے (Yeh meri ghalti hai).
It’s my fault.

If the fault is really yours, own up to it. You will gain respect in the eyes of others! However, don’t take the blame when it’s not truly yours. It won’t be good for you, and ultimately you will not be respected much for it.

میں خودغرض ہونے کے لیے معذرت خواہ ہوں۔ (main khud gharz hone kay liye maazrat khwaah hoon).
I’m sorry for being selfish.

This is a good phrase to keep handy, especially for your close relationships. It is difficult to admit you’re selfish, isn’t it?! However, it’s good to know when to be honest. We get used to our loved ones, which often means we forget that they need our good manners and unselfish behavior just as much as strangers do.

مجھے آپ سے معافی کی امید ہے۔ (Mujhe aap say maafi ki umeed hai).
I hope you will forgive me.

This is a polite and gentle wish that can smooth over many harsh feelings. It also shows that the other person’s opinion and forgiveness are important to you.

میں پوری ذمہ داری لیتا ہوں (Mei poori zimadari leta hun).
I take full responsibility.

This strong statement is similar to admitting that an error or transgression was your fault. It speaks of courage and the willingness to take remedial action. Good one to use…if you mean it!

مجھے ایسا نہیں کرنا چاہئے تھا (Mujhay aisa nahin karna chahiye tha).
I shouldn’t have done it.

This phrase is fine to use if you did or said something wrong. It shows, to an extent, your regret for having done or said what you did, and demonstrates that you understand your role in the mistake.

دیر سے آپ کے پیسے واپس کرنے کے لئے معذرت (Dair se aap kay paise wapis karne kay liye maazrat)!
Sorry for giving your money back late.

It’s rotten to have to loan money! Yet, it’s equally rotten to have to ask for the repayment of a loan. So, do your best not to pay late in the first place, but if it can’t be helped, this would be a good phrase to use!

براہِ مہربانی مجھ پر غصہ نہ ہوں (Barahe meharbani mujh par ghussa na hon).
Please don’t be mad at me.

Well, this is not a very advisable phrase to use if you are clearly in the wrong. If someone is justifiably angry with you, asking them not to be mad at you would be an unfair expectation. However, if you did something wrong by accident, and if the consequences were not too serious, this request would be OK.

معاف کیجئے گا مجھے دیر ہو گئی (Maaf kijiye ga mujhe dair ho gai).
Sorry I’m late.

Punctuality is valued in most situations, but if you really cannot help being late, then apologize! This way you show respect for your host, and win their approval.

میں آپ سے مطلبی ہونے کے لئے معذرت خواہ ہوں (Mei aap se matlabi honay ky liye maazrat khwah hoon).
I apologize for being mean to you.

Acknowledging your own meanness towards someone is no small thing, so good for you! Use this apology only if your intention is to seriously address your mean tendencies, or these words could become meaningless over time.


2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Urdu

Woman Refusing

Congratulations! Now you know how to apologize in Urdu! After you have apologized for a mistake, focus on fixing whatever you can, and don’t punish yourself over something that cannot be taken back or reversed. That’s healthy for you! Regret can eat away at the soul, and even destroy it. It is ultimately a useless emotion if it consumes you.

However, in language, we use apologies not only when we’ve transgressed or made mistakes. They come in handy in other situations too, when there has been no wrongdoing. Sometimes we need to express regret for having to refuse a gift, an offer, or an invitation. This can be somewhat tricky. Learn from specialists at UrduPod101 about how to use the correct Urdu words for this kind of ‘sorry’!


3. Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”

Say Sorry

On the run and need a quick lesson on how to say sorry in Urdu? Don’t fret, just listen and repeat! Click here for a recorded short lesson and learn how to give the perfect apology, with perfect pronunciation in Urdu. A little can go a long way, and you will sound like a native!


4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Urdu through UrduPod101

Man Looking at Computer

Online learning is here to stay, that’s a fact. In 2015, the Digital Learning Compass Partnership released a report based on surveys to determine online enrollment trends in US institutions for higher education. Thirty percent of all their students learned online! And the number is growing! However, how can you be sure you will not regret your choice of an online language learning school? First, look at the school’s credentials and what it has to offer…

  • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! UrduPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect to! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Urdu!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Urdu with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Urdu dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about UrduPod101…!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. Your can have your very own Urdu teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Urdu word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Urdu level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

After this lesson, you will know almost every ‘sorry for’ in Urdu, but don’t let it be that you’re sorry for missing a great opportunity. Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in UrduPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Urdu!

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The Ashura Holiday: Meaning & Traditions

The Ashura Holiday

Did you know that the Ashura religious holiday, one of the most significant Muslim holidays, actually holds slightly different meanings to the various Muslim groups? In this article, we’ll go over some of the most common beliefs and traditions associated with Ashura, from Ashura holiday meaning to the vocabulary for Ashura processions, from the perspective of multiple groups, so that you can get a multi-faceted glance at Pakistan culture and Muslim religions. In turn, this will make your language studies much more effective and fascinating!

At UrduPod101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your learning journey both fun and informative! So let’s get started.

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1. What is the Ashura Holiday in Pakistan?

When it comes to Ashura (both the Ashura holiday in India and in Pakistan), mourning is the main focus among Muslim groups. The holiday is the culmination of the Remembrance or Mourning of Muharram and is multifaceted in nature depending on which denomination of Islam a person espouses. Different Islamic sects observe the Day of Ashura in different ways, with each having their own reasons to honor the day and their own set of events they are commemorating on the holiday.

Shiite Muslims observe the Day of Ashura as a day of mourning for Husayn ibn Al, martyred during the Battle of Karbala. A group of his closest associates and family members were exterminated with him. Since those killings, Shi’a Muslims have looked upon the Day of Ashura as a day for lamentations and sorrow.

Pakistan and some other Middle Eastern countries have made the Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali a national holiday which most religious and ethnic groups in those countries partake in.

Sunni Muslims, on the other hand, observe the Day of Ashura as a day of victory to mark the day when the Israelites were liberated from the Egyptian pharaoh.

2. When is Ashura?

Muharram Image

Each year, Muslims celebrate Ashura on the tenth day of the Islamic month Muharram. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date on the Gregorian calendar for the next ten years.

  • 2019: September 10
  • 2020: August 29
  • 2021: August 19
  • 2022: August 8
  • 2023: July 28
  • 2024: July 16
  • 2025: July 5
  • 2026: June 25
  • 2027: June 15
  • 2028: June 3

3. Reading Practice: Ashura Holiday Traditions

A Procession

To find out how different Muslim groups commemorate Ashura, and more about the Ashura holiday Pakistan pbserves, read the Urdu text below. You can find the English translation directly below it.

روایتی طور پر یوم عاشورہ کے لئے شیعہ مسلمانوں کی رسومات میں شامل ہیں خود اذیتی ، جس میں اکثر اپنے گناہوں کے لئے خود کو سزا دینا شامل ہوتا ہے کیونکہ اصل توجہ ماتم پر ہوتی ہے، اگرچہ حال ہی میں بہت سے مذہبی اہلکاروں نے ان اعمال کی مذمت کی، اور انہیں غیر اسلامی قرار دیا ہے۔

کچھ سنی مسلم یوم عاشورہ کو روزہ رکھتے ہیں اور کربلا تقریبات کو بھی مانتے ہیں اگرچہ سنیوں کے لئے تہوار کے طور یہ اصل توجہ کا مرکز نہیں ہوتی ہیں۔

شیعوں کے لئے یوم عاشورہ شاید سنیوں کے مقابلے میں کہیں زیادہ اہم ہے۔

Traditionally, the ritual ceremonies of Shiite Muslims for the Day of Ashura were masochistic in nature, often involving self-flagellation because of the focus on mourning, although more recently, many religious officials decried those practices, declaring them un-Islamic.

Some Sunni Muslims fast on Ashura and also recognize the Karbala events even though they are not the focus of the holiday for Sunnis.

For Shiites, the Day of Ashura is arguably more important than it is for Sunnis.

4. Who was Husayn ibn A?

Why is Husayn ibn A such an important Muslim figure?

Husayn ibn A was the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. Husayn ibn A is also known for being the third Shia Imam, and is highly revered for refusing to give his loyalty to the Umayyad leader Yazid—an outward display of his negative opinions toward the Umayyad rule.

5. Essential Ashura Vocabulary

Caliph Image

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Ashura!

  • اسلام (Islam) — Islam
  • پانی (paani) — water
  • شہید (shaheed) — martyr
  • محرم (muharram) — Muharram
  • جلوس (jaloos) — procession
  • ماتم (maatam) — mourn
  • خلیفہ (khaleefa) — caliph
  • حسین (Hussain) — Hussain
  • کربلا (Karbala) — Karbala
  • پیاس (Peyas) — thirst
  • شیعہ (Shia) — Shia
  • روزہ رکھنا (roza rakhna) — fast

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, visit our Ashura vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation, and a relevant image.

How UrduPod101 Can Help You Master Urdu

What are your thoughts on this significant Muslim holiday? We’d love to hear from you!

To continue learning about Pakistan culture and the Urdu language, explore UrduPod101.com. We provide an array of fun and effective learning tools, for every learner at every level:

  • Insightful blog posts on an array of cultural and language-related topics
  • Free vocabulary lists covering a range of topics and themes
  • Podcasts and videos to improve your listening and pronunciation skills
  • Mobile apps to learn Urdu anywhere, on your own time
  • Much, much more!

If you’re interested in a more personalized, one-on-one approach, be sure to upgrade to Premium Plus. Doing so will give you access to your own Urdu teacher who will help you develop a learning plan tailored to your needs and goals. Yes, really!

We know that learning Urdu can be a hassle, but know that your hard work and determination will pay off in the long run. And UrduPod101 will be here with fantastic lessons and constant support to make the learning process as painless as possible.

Don’t forget to offer your Muslim friends an Ashura holiday greeting or nice Ashura holiday wishes!

We wish you all the best in your language-learning endeavors! :)

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