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Beef Up Your Vocabulary with Some Advanced Urdu Words

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Words symbolize our thoughts and emotions so that we can express them to others. However, the more complex these ideas are, the more difficult they become to communicate. This is where we can clearly see the importance of having a strong vocabulary, one that is stocked with plenty of words that convey subtle nuances in meaning.

Being equipped with a variety of advanced Urdu words will help you find greater success and acceptance in Pakistani society. After all, native Urdu speakers like to use appropriately embellished language and appreciate when foreigners can do the same.

In this article, UrduPod101.com will provide you with a list of essential advanced Urdu words to help you beef up your existing lexicon. Using these advanced Urdu vocabulary words will help you express yourself with greater clarity and open up new vistas for your triumph in specific fields.

A Young Kid with a Mortarboard and a Book, Signifying Movement Towards an Advanced Level

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Academic Words
  2. Advanced Business Words
  3. Advanced Medical Words
  4. Advanced Legal Words
  5. Alternative Words for Acing Urdu Proficiency Tests and Writing Assignments
  6. Conclusion

1. Advanced Academic Words

The Urdu language is replete with academic vocabulary. Learning these more advanced Urdu words will provide you with innumerable chances to excel in the world of academia. In particular, you’ll find these words useful when it comes to reading and comprehending the masterpieces of Urdu literature. They’ll also help you discuss written works with fellow students and write compelling essays. Ultimately, familiarity with this set of vocabulary is sure to increase your understanding of Pakistani society as a whole.

Some Bookshelves Loaded with Books, Symbolizing Academia

Verbs

  • رہنمائی کرنا (rehnumai kerna) – to lead
  • تمہید باندھنا (tamheed bandhna) – to preamble
  • دلائل دینا (dalayal dena) – to argue
  • بحث کرنا (behas kerna) – to debate
  • قیاس کرنا (qayas kerna) – to infer
  • تخمینہ لگانا (takhmeenah lagana) – to assess
  • نتیجہ اخذ کرنا (nateejah akhaz kerna) – to conclude
  • وثوق سے کہنا (wasooq say kehna) – to assert
  • تردید کرنا (tardeed kerna) – to negate
  • تصدیق کرنا (tasdeeq kerna) – to validate
  • خلاصہ کرنا (khulasah kerna) – to summarize
  • جائزہ لینا (jaiza lena) – to review

Example sentence: 

اس نے اپنے ہی بیان کی تردید کی۔
Uss nay apnay he byaan ki tardeed ki.
He negated his own statement.

Nouns

  • تلخیص نگاری (talkhees nigari) – precis writing
  • مضمون نویسی (mazmoon naveesi) – essay writing
  • املاء (imla) – dictation
  • ذخیرۂ الفاظ (zakheera-e-alfaaz) – vocabulary
  • درستی (durusti) – correction
  • مقالہ (maqalah) – article
  • مباحثہ (mabahsah) – debate
  • مکالمہ (makalmah) – dialogue
  • خلاصہ (khulasah) – summary
  • مبہم (mubham) – ambiguous
  • تنازعہ (tanazaah) – controversy

Example Sentence: 

تلخیص نگاری گرامر کی درستی میں مددگار ہوتی ہے۔
Talkhees nigari grammar ki durusti mein madadgaar hoti hai.
Precis writing is helpful in the correction of grammar.

Adverbs

  • ٹھیک طریقے سے (theek tareeqay say) – precisely
  • یقیناً (yaqeenan) – certainly
  • مطلقاً (mutliqan) – absolutely
  • حرف بہ حرف (harf ba harf) – literally
  • محاورتاً (mahavaratan) – proverbially
  • عزم و استقلال سے (azm-o-istaqlal say) – resolutely

Example Sentence:

اس نے ٹھیک طریقے سے سوال کا جواب دیا۔
Uss nay theek tareeqay say sawaal ka jawaab diya.
He answered the question precisely.

2. Advanced Business Words

In the business world, we often make use of a lingua franca to ensure effective communication between parties. While this may suffice for discussing and executing business matters, remember that leaders always lead from the front. This means that the best way to set yourself apart from the crowd is to learn—and start using—advanced Urdu vocabulary related to the business world. This is especially true if you’re an entrepreneur who wants to make a name for yourself in this country of ample opportunity.

There is great fortune to be made in Pakistan, so you should certainly consider exploring the numerous business opportunities available here. You’ll find an active and well-developed Pakistani business community with an established code of ethics and principles guided by the Pakistan Business Council. Therefore, if you’re a leader or want to become one, the following list of advanced Urdu business words will get you far.

An Image of the Pakistani Flag and Coins, Signifying Business Prospects in Pakistan

 Nouns

  • معاہدہ (muahidah) – contract
  • طویل المیعادی معاہدہ (taveel-ul-meeadi muahidah) – long-term contract
  • شرحِ سود (sharhe sood) – interest rate
  • انسانی وسائل (human resources) – human resources
  • دیوالیہ پن (diwaliah pun) – bankruptcy
  • ملازمت (mulazmat) – employment / job
  • ملازم (mulazim) – employee
  • مالک (maalik) – employer
  • مرکزی دفتر (markazi daftar) – head office
  • دفتر (daftar) – office
  • اثاثہ (asasah) – asset
  • منافع (munafa) – profit
  • نقصان (nuqsaan) – loss
  • کاروبار (karobar) – business
  • کاروباری دورہ (karobari dorah) – business tour

Verbs

  • ادا کرنا (ada kerna) – to pay
  • تلافی کرنا (talafi kerna) – to compensate
  • درخواست دینا (darkhwast dena) – to apply
  • استعفٰی دینا (istifa dena) – to resign
  • ملازمت پر رکھنا (mulazmat par rakhna) – to employ
  • برخاست کرنا (barkhwast kerna) – to dismiss

Adjective

  • مستقل (mustaqil) – permanent

A Businessman Shaking Hands with a Client

3. Advanced Medical Words

Before visiting a foreign country, it’s imperative to learn some fundamental health-related words and phrases so that you can cope with any medical emergency that might pop up. If you’re an advanced Urdu learner, picking up these advanced words will allow you to converse with medical consultants and get your desired results in any medical situation. Knowing the Pakistani healthcare system would be an added advantage in such scenarios. 

Memorize the following list of unavoidable medical terms to surprise native speakers and to find yourself at an advantage.

Nouns

  • وبا (waba) – epidemic
  • عالمی وبا (almi waba) – pandemic
  • دوائی (dawae) – medicine
  • علاج (ilaaj) – treatment
  • فشارِ خون (fishaar-e-khoon) – blood pressure
  • دل کا دورہ (dil ka dorah) – heart attack
  • قوّتِ مدافعت (quwwat-e-mudafiat) – immunity
  • نظامِ مدافعت (nizaam-e-mudafiat) – immune system
  • خون (khoon) – blood
  • خون بہنا (khoon behna) – bleeding
  • نسخۂ ادویات (nuskha-e-adwiyat) – prescription
  • نزلہ زکام (nazlah zukaam) – flu
  • ماہواری (mahwari) – menstruation
  • خارش (kharish) – itching
  • دندان ساز (dandaan saaz) – dentist

Verb

  • بیہوشی دینا (behoshi dena) – to anesthetize

Adjective

  • چھوتی (chooti) – contagious

A Female Pharmacist Performing Her Duties in a Pharmacy

4. Advanced Legal Words

Though unlikely, you may find yourself in need of legal assistance while in Pakistan. While you’re not required to have extensive knowledge of Pakistani law, we recommend you get acquainted with some useful legal words, terms, and phrases in Urdu. Once you gain proficiency in using them, you’ll be better placed to deal with most situations concerning the Pakistani penal and civil code.

You should also become familiar with the rule of law. The Pakistani judicial system is a strong one, and Pakistani courts are also famous for their judicial activism. 

Now, let us move on to our list of essential legal words in Urdu without any further delay.

 Nouns

  • قانونی حراست (qanooni hirasat) – legal custody
  • پولیس کی حراست (police ki hirasat) – police custody
  • ضمانت (zamanat) – bail
  • مجرمانہ ریکارڈ (mujrimanah record) – criminal record
  • تحریری ثبوت (tahreeri sabot) – written proof
  • عدلیہ (adliah) – judiciary
  • عدالتی نظام (adalti nizaam) – judicial system
  • پروانۂ طلبی (parwanah-e-talbi) – summon
  • قانونی کاروائی (qanooni karwai) – legal proceeding
  • طبّی قانون (tibbi qanoon) – medicolegal
  • مستغیث (mustagees) – prosecutor
  • استغاثہ (istaghasah) – prosecution
  • پولیس (police) – police
  • تھانہ (thanah) – police station
  • وکیل (wakeel) – advocate
  • مجرم (mujrim) – criminal
  • جرم (jurm) – crime
  • حراست (hirasat) – custody
  • التجا (iltija) – appeal

Verb

  • مقدمہ چلانا (maqadmah chalana) – to prosecute

Adjectives

  • ناقابلِ ضمانت (na kabil e zamanat) – unbailable
  • جوابدہ (jawabdeh) – liable

An Image of a Gavel and Legal Books, Signifying the Judicial System

5. Alternative Words for Acing Urdu Proficiency Tests and Writing Assignments

One of the easiest ways to distinguish between a new Urdu learner and an experienced one is by the vocabulary they use. Now that you have achieved excellence in the beginner and intermediate levels of Urdu, it’s time to replace some of those basic words with their more sophisticated counterparts. 

Doing so will reflect your deep knowledge and mastery of the Urdu language, not to mention earn you a special place in the eyes of your teachers and interlocutors. This approach is also key to scoring well on all sorts of written and spoken examinations across Pakistan. 

In the following section, you will see several sets of two words. The first word is basic and used in casual conversations. If you replace it with the second one, it will greatly embellish your Urdu writing and speaking.

  • ابتداء کرنا / شروع کرنا (ibtida kerna / shuru kerna) – to start
  • انتہا کرنا / ختم کرنا (inteha kerna / khatam kerna) – to end
  • بولنا / مخاطب کرنا (bolna / mukhatib kerna) – to speak
  • دینا / عنایت کرنا (dena / inayat kerna) – to give
  • کھونا / محروم ہونا (khona / mehroom hona) – to lose
  • توڑنا / منقطع کرنا (torna / muqata kerna) – to break

  • سچّا / راست گو (saccha / raast go) – truthful
  • جھوٹا / دروغ گو (jhoota / darogh go) – liar
  • ضروری / لازم (zaroori / lazim) – necessary
  • مفید / کارآمد (mufeed / karaamad) – useful
  • ناقابلِ برداشت / غیر متحمّل (naqabil-e-bardasht / ghair muthammil) – unbearable
  • مناسب / موزوں (munasib / mozoon) – proper

  • ابھی ابھی / حال ہی میں (abhi abhi / haal he mein) – recently
  • تہذیب سے / شائستگی سے (tehzeeb say / shaistgi say) – politely
  • غصّے سے / برہمی سے (ghussay say / barhami say) – angrily
  • پیار سے / اُلفت سے (pyaar say / ulfat say) – lovingly
  • خوشی سے / رضامندی سے (khushi say / raza mandi say) – willingly
  • سکون سے / اطمینان سے (sukoon say / itmenaan say) – calmly

6. Conclusion

This article has helped you learn several advanced words in the Urdu language. It has also provided you with an advanced Urdu vocabulary list that you can refer back to as often as you’d like. 

Now, are you ready to benefit from this guide and achieve your goals? Or do you think that something is missing? In case of any further questions, do write to us at UrduPod101.com. We’ll get back to you at the earliest to address your concerns.

In the meantime, don’t forget to explore UrduPod101.com. We are a rich repository of Urdu language learning resources and practical tools, such as this Urdu-English dictionary. You’ll also find guides on Urdu pronunciation and grammar, in addition to a number of free vocabulary lists

Not sure where to start? We recommend heading over to our advanced Urdu course, which contains 25 curated lessons designed just for advanced learners like yourself. 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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