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The Ultimate Guide to Asking and Giving Directions in Urdu


“If you board the wrong train, it is no use running along the corridor in the other direction.”

To board the right train and to save the trouble of running in the other direction, you must know how to ask and give directions in Urdu while living or traveling across the Urdu-speaking lands. Nevertheless, the process of learning Urdu directions will require some effort on your part. Here, we’ll introduce you to a few key words, phrases, and sentences to help empower you as you learn Urdu directions.

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Table of Contents
  1. Why is it Important to Study Giving and Asking for Directions?
  2. Learning the Four Cardinal Directions in Urdu
  3. The Intercardinal Directions in Urdu
  4. How to Read a Map in Urdu
  5. Indispensable Directional and Positional Words
  6. Some Useful Expressions for Discussing the Road Map
  7. How to Use Landmarks for Directional Purposes
  8. Some Phrases You Must Know for Asking and Giving Directions in Urdu
  9. Conclusion

1. Why is it Important to Study Giving and Asking for Directions?

Basic Questions

Directions guide you on how to travel or even transport something from one place to another. Don’t undermine the importance of learning the proper use of direction in the Urdu language. 

It could be the reason you’re able to lead and succeed in Pakistan or any other Urdu-speaking country. When roaming about the streets of such a country, asking or giving directions in Urdu could be the most significant thing you do.

Directions on a Wind Compass

2. Learning the Four Cardinal Directions in Urdu

If you’re looking for the equivalents of the cardinal directions in Urdu, you’re in the right place. It’s the best place to begin because it will also help you read the map in Urdu. 

مشرق (mashriq) — East

Let’s start with the east direction in Urdu. This first cardinal direction, east, is translated as مشرق (mashriq) in Urdu. Whenever you need to consult a map or ask/tell someone directions in Urdu, you may come across this word frequently.

Let’s say someone is giving you directions to their house. They may say:

  •  میرا گھر آپ کے ہوٹل کے مشرق میں واقع ہے۔

mera ghar aap kay hotel kay mashriq mein waqia hai.

My house is situated to the east of your hotel.

To get a detailed guideline on how to check-in at a hotel in Urdu, please consult the highlighted hyperlink.

مغرب (maghrib) — West

Now for west in Urdu. The second cardinal direction, west, is translated as مغرب (‘maghrib’) in Urdu. As another cardinal direction, it’s used frequently in day-to-day language.

Below is a sentence which may help you understand how to use the word “west” in Urdu properly.

  • سورج مغرب میں غروب ہوتا ہے.

  suraj maghrib mein gharoob hota hai.

  The sun sets in the west. 

شمال (shumal) — North

North in Urdu is the third cardinal direction we’ll cover. شمال (‘shumal’) is the exact translation of this direction in Urdu.

Here’s an example of how you can use it in a sentence: 

  •  کیا آپ اس وقت کھیل کے میدان کے شمال میں کھڑے ہیں؟

  kia aap is waqt khel kay maidan kay shumal mein kharay hain?

  Are you standing in the north of the playground? 

جنوب (junoob) — South

South is the fourth cardinal direction we’ll cover; it can literally be translated as جنوب (‘junoob’) in Urdu.

Below is a sentence using south in Urdu.

  •  میرا گھر آپ کے ہوٹل کے جنوب میں واقع ہے۔

  mera ghar aap kay hotel kay junoob mein waqia hai.

  My house is situated to the south of your hotel.

A Compass

3. The Intercardinal Directions in Urdu


Besides the four cardinal directions, there are also intercardinal directions. These remaining compass directions in Urdu are also known as ordinal or intermediate directions. Knowing these is a big plus if you intend to learn directions in Urdu for the sake of applying them in your everyday life. Find below a list of four intercardinal directions in Urdu. Once you’ve learned these, be sure to use them when asking or giving directions in Urdu.

  • شمال مشرق (shumal mashriq) — Northeast
  • جنوب مشرق (junoob mashriq) — Southeast
  • جنوب مغرب (junoob maghrib) — Southwest
  • شمال مغرب (shumal maghrib) — Northwest
People Looking at a Map and Taking Notes

4. How to Read a Map in Urdu

Giving or asking for directions in Urdu on the street is quite different from using a map in Urdu. However, after learning cardinal and intercardinal directions in Urdu, you’re well-prepared to read a map in Urdu. The above-mentioned Urdu words and phrases equip you with the rudimentary list of directions you need to use the map effectively. 

Following are a few simple sentences that will help you understand the complicated process of map-reading in Urdu.

  لاہور ہاکستان کے شمال مغرب میں واقع ہے۔

 Lahore Pakistan kay shumal maghrib mein waqia hai.

 Lahore is situated to the northwest of Pakistan.

  چین پاکستان کے شمال مشرق میں واقع ہے۔

 Cheen Pakistan kay shumal mashriq mein waqia hai.

 China is located to the northeast of Pakistan.

 سنگا پور جنوب مشرقی ایشیائی ممالک میں سے ایک ہے۔

 singapore junoob mashriqi aishiayi mumalik mein say aik hai.

 Singapore is one of the southeastern Asian countries.

جنوب مغربی ایشیاء میں پندرہ ممالک شامل ہیں۔

 junoob maghribi asia mein pandrah mumalik shamil hain.

 Southwest Asia includes fifteen countries.

5. Indispensable Directional and Positional Words 

Direction tells you where to go, and position identifies where something is. As an Urdu learner, you’ll find that these two concepts complement each other while learning directions in Urdu. By knowing words and phrases of each category, you’ll be able to give and ask directions in Urdu and tell people where something is located. Let’s start discussing a helpful list of such words below.

The following words and sentences will introduce you to the usage of directional and positional vocabulary.

اوپر (opar) — Above

 میں نے اپنے ہاتھ کندھوں سے اوپر اٹھائے۔

 mei nay apnay hath kandhon say opar uthaye.

 I raised my hands above my shoulders.

نیچے (neechay) — Below

  وہ میرے فلیٹ کے نیچے کھڑا تھا۔

 woh meray flat kay neechay khara tha.

 He stood below my flat.

دائیں (daein) — Right

   اس نے اپنی دائیں طرف دریا دیکھا۔

 uss nay apni daein taraf darya daikha.

 He looked to his right side.

بائیں (baein) — Left

 بائیں طرف مڑیں اور دوڑنا شروع کر دیں۔

 baein taraf murein aur dorna shuru ker dein.

 Turn to the left and start running.

سامنے (samnay) — Front

وہ میرے سامنے بیٹھی ہے۔

 woh meray samnay baithi hai.

 She is sitting in front of me.

پیچھے (peechay) — Back

 اس نے سینما کے پیچھے میرا انتظار کیا۔

 us nay cinema kay peechay mera intizar kia.

 He waited for me in the back of the cinema.

کونا (kona) — Corner

 اس کی دوکان گلی کےکونے پر ہے۔

us ki dokan gali kay konay per hai.

His shop lies at the corner of the street.

Man and Woman Looking at Map

6. Some Useful Expressions for Discussing the Road Map

As an efficient Urdu learner, giving directions in Urdu to someone is a test of your Urdu language skills. Mastering some commonly used phrases like not only makes you more confident, but also places you at a great vantage point. Let’s use these words and phrases in full sentences now.  

میں سڑک کے پار ہوں۔

 mei sarak kay par hun.

 I am across the road.

 میں چوک پر ہوں۔

 mei chowk per hun.

 I am on the square.

آپ کے ساتھ کون کھڑا ہے؟

 aap kay sath kon khara hai?

 Who is sitting beside you?

سیدھے چلتے جائیں پھر بائیں مڑیں۔

 seedhay chaltay jain  phir baein murein.

 Keep going straight then turn left.

 سیڑھیاں اتر کر دائیں مڑیں۔

 seerhian utar kar daein murein.

 Go downstairs and turn right.

Direction Sign along Path

7. How to Use Landmarks for Directional Purposes

If you want to know the exact translation of the word “where” in Urdu, it’s کہاں (kahan). You may come across a common question widely used by the Urdu-speaking community: آپ کہاں ہو؟ . See the translation of this question below and use it as often as you can to improve your Urdu skills.

 آپ کہاں ہو؟

 aap kahan ho?

 Where are you?

Here are a couple possible answers to the question:

میں شہر میں ہوں۔

mei shehar mein hun.

I am in the city.

میں سڑک پر چل رہاہوں۔

mei sarak par chal raha hun.

I am walking on the road.

8. Some Phrases You Must Know for Asking and Giving Directions in Urdu

Asking Directions

So far, we’ve introduced you to several words and phrases for asking and giving directions in Urdu. To proceed further, we would like to acquaint you with some ways to get a person’s attention and courteous phrases to end the conversation with once you’ve gotten directions.

1- Beginning the Conversation

Here’s one common sentence in Urdu to get someone’s attention so you can ask for directions in Urdu.

 معاف کیجئے گا، کیا میں پوچھ سکتا ہوں کہ۔۔۔

 maaf kijiye ga, kia mei pooch sakta hun ky…

 Excuse me, may I ask that…

Now you may add any question you want to ask. An example question is given below.

 یہاں سے ریلوے سٹیشن کتنی دور ہے؟

 yahan say railway station kitni dur hai?

 How far is the railway station from here?

2- Courteous Close

It’s always desirable to conclude your conversation with courtesy. Here’s a common way to politely end the conversation:

 آپ کی مدد کا شکریہ

 aap ki madad ka shukria.

 Thank you for your help. (person facing empty chairs)

9. Conclusion

Being directionless in a strange land could be a nightmare for anyone. However, you need not worry, for has prepared a series of articles and lectures to help you avoid any such untoward situation in real life. Don’t forget to consult this rich source of information while learning the Urdu language. After enough practice and diligence, you’ll be able to confidently visit any Urdu-speaking country.

Are you well-prepared to find your way around using the above-given directional words, phrases, and sentences? Feel free to give us your feedback as it will help us improve by addressing your concerns about learning the Urdu language, without compromising the fun factor.   

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Urdu Nouns: An Easy Guide to 100 Commonly Used Nouns in Urdu


Using nouns in your conversations can prove to be quite handy when it comes to communicating with native Urdu speakers. At times, a single noun in the right context can go a long way toward making your point clear. Therefore, by learning 100 important Urdu nouns, you’ll increase your chances of effective communication with native Urdu speakers.

Before we go on to our Urdu nouns list, however, there’s some basic grammar information you should know.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Urdu Table of Contents
  1. The Usage and Significance of the Noun as a Part of Speech in Urdu
  2. Food & Restaurants
  3. Talking about Time
  4. Transportation
  5. School Essentials
  6. Jobs & Occupations
  7. Family Members
  8. Body Parts
  9. Miscellaneous Nouns in Urdu
  10. Conclusion

1. The Usage and Significance of the Noun as a Part of Speech in Urdu

Nouns 1

In Urdu grammar, nouns may be the most important part of speech. They represent the name of a person, place, thing, idea, etc. “Noun” is translated as اسم (Ism) in Urdu. Becoming familiar with the structural positioning of nouns in Urdu, along with our list of nouns in Urdu, will determine your success as you learn Urdu nouns. 

1- The Place of Nouns in Urdu Sentences

Noun placement in Urdu sentences differs from that in English. It’s a syntactic difference that you should always take into account before proceeding further in learning about nouns in Urdu. In Urdu syntax, the object noun comes before the verb; however, the subject precedes it. Thus, the order will be: Subject -> Object Noun -> Verb.

2- The Simplest Division of Nouns in the Urdu Language

You’ll find two major categories of the noun in Urdu. Ism-e-Aam, or the “common noun,” is the first one, and Ism-e-Khaas, or the “proper noun,” is the other. These two categories function similarly to how they do in English. The name of a particular thing, place, person, etc., is termed to be Ism-e-Khaas (proper noun in Urdu) and the generic name commonly used for a thing, place, person, etc., is defined as Ism-e-Aam (proper noun in Urdu).  

3- How to Differentiate Between Masculine and Feminine Nouns in Urdu

Urdu nouns’ gender are divided into two opposite entities: masculine and feminine. To understand the division of nouns in Urdu grammar rules is an uphill task for a beginner. However, the simplest formula to discern between these two genders of the noun in Urdu is to identify them based on their ending sounds. A noun that ends in –aa is generally masculine. For example:

  • لڑکا



On the other hand, a noun that ends with –ii sound is feminine:

  •  لڑکی



Besides this simple division, a few exceptions in these gender rules also exist. A mastery over Urdu noun grammatical gender can only be achieved through consistent hard work and patience.

4- Important Day-to-Day Categories of Urdu Nouns

As a non-native Urdu speaker, you’ll probably be interested in getting an Urdu nouns list that will maximally benefit you while visiting an Urdu-speaking country. is replete with many lessons in multiple categories pertaining to Urdu learning. 

Below are a few Urdu nouns for you. After a great deal of hard work, these Urdu nouns have been selected from a few different walks of life. If you’re able to master these nouns initially, you’ll be able to establish your comfort zone in communicating with Urdu speakers. 

Let’s start learning these nouns and their proper usage in Urdu sentences right away.

2. Food & Restaurants

Food group pyramid

When you visit an Urdu-speaking country, it’s almost mandatory to learn Urdu nouns that can help you order food. No one can survive without food, so to avoid any inconvenience in Pakistan, you must learn the names of at least a few popular foods.

سبزی (‘Sabzi’) – Vegetable

میں سبزی کھانا چاہتا ہوں۔

‘Mei sabzi khana chahta hun.’

I want to eat a vegetable.

 گوشت (‘gosht’) – Meat

کیا یہاں پر گوشت ملتا ہے؟

‘Kia yahan per gosht milta hai?’

Is meat available here?

دال (‘daal’) – Lentil

مجھے دال پسند ہے۔

‘Mujhay daal pasand hai.’

I like the lentil.

پھل (‘phal’) – Fruit

پھل صحت مند غذا ہے۔

‘Phal sehat mand ghiza hai.’

The fruit is a healthy food.

 مرغی (‘murghi’) Chicken

کیا آپ مرغی کھاتے ہیں؟

‘Kia ap murghi khatay hain?’

Do you eat chicken?

ڈبل روٹی (‘double roti’) – Bread

ایک ڈبل روٹی لے آؤ۔

‘Aik double roti lay aao.’

Bring one piece of bread.

 روٹی (‘roti’) – Loaf

میں مرغی کے ساتھ روٹی کھاؤں گا۔

‘Mei murghi ky sath roti khaon ga.’

I will eat a loaf with chicken.

Nouns 2

ناشتہ (‘nashta’) – Breakfast

آپ ناشتے میں کیا پسند کریں گے؟

‘Ap nashtay mein kia pasand karein gay?’

What would you like for breakfast?

دوپہر کا کھانا (‘dopehar ka khana’) – Lunch

میں دوپہر کا کھانا ایک بجے کھاؤں گا۔

‘Mei dopehar ka khana aik bajay khaon ga.’

I will have my lunch at one o’clock p.m.

 شام کا کھانا (‘sham ka khana’) – Dinner

ہم شام کا کھانا اکٹھے کھائیں گے۔

‘Hum sham ka khana ikathay khain gay.’

We will have dinner together.

Below are the names of some common fruits and vegetables in Urdu-speaking countries. You will also find their appropriate use in the Urdu sentences.

کیلا (‘kayla’) – Banana

وہ کیلا شوق سے کھاتا ہے۔

‘woh keyla shoq se khaata hai.’

He eats banana eagerly.

سیب (‘saib’) – Apple

مجھے سیب پسند ہے۔

‘mujhay saib pasand hai.’

I like apple.

 آم (‘aam’) – Mango

پاکسان آم کے لئے مشہور ہے۔

‘Pakistan aam ke liye mash-hoor hai.’

Pakistan is famous for its mangoes.

 امرود (‘amrood’) – Guava

میں نےکچھ امرود خریدے۔

‘Mei nay kuch amrrod khareeday.’

I bought some guavas.

انار (‘anaar’) – Pomegranate

ڈاکٹر نے اسے انار کا جوس پینے کی نصیحت کی۔

‘Doctor nay usay anaar ka juice peenay ki naseehat ki.’

Doctor advised him to drink the pomegranate juice.

شملہ مرچ (‘shimla mirch’) – Capsicum

شملہ مرچ چینی کھانوں میں بہت زیادہ استعمال ہوتی ہے۔

‘Shimla mirch cheeni khano mei bohat zyada istemaal hoti hai.’

Capsicum is widely used in the Chinese cuisine.

کدو (‘kadu’) – Pumpkin

کدو ایک زود ہضم غذا ہے۔

‘Kadu ek zood hazam ghiza hai.’

Pumpkin is an easily digestible food.

آلو (‘aaloo’) – Potato

آلو کھانے سے موٹاپا ہوتا ہے۔

‘Aaloo khanay say motapa hota hai.’

Eating potatoes causes obesity.

 ٹماٹر (‘tamatar’) – Tomato

ٹماٹڑ کھانے کو ایک مزیدار ذائقہ بخشتا ہے۔

‘Tamatar khanay ko ek mazedar zayeqa bakhasta hai.’

Tomato gives a tasteful flavour to the food.

پیاز (‘payaaz’) – Onion

کیا آپ گھر میں پیاز استعمال کرتے ہیں؟

‘Kya aap ghar mei payaaz istemaal kartay hain?’

Do you use onion at your home? To enhance your learning, please visit the Food, Utensils, and Tableware and Restaurants vocabulary lists at

3. Talking about Time

Man Multitasking

Everything in this modern era revolves around the clock. You should be able to ask or tell the time in Urdu efficiently. In the near future, is going to bring a full article on this topic for Urdu learners; however, for the time being, below are a few Urdu nouns that you can start using right away.

صبح (‘subha’) – Morning

وہ صبح سیر کو جاتا ہے۔                                             

‘Woh subha sair ko jata hai.’

He goes for a walk in the morning.

دوپہر (‘dopehar’)Noon

میں تمہیں دوپہر کو ملوں گا۔

‘Mei tumhein dopehar ko milun ga.’

I will meet you at noon.

سہ پہر (‘seh pehar’) – Afternoon

وہ سہ پہر میں فٹبال کھیلتے ہیں۔

‘Woh seh pehar meim football khailtay hain.’

They play football in the afternoon.

 شام (‘sham’) – Evening

میچ شام کو شروع ہو گا۔

‘Match sham ko shuru ho ga.’

The match will start in the evening.

 رات (‘raat’) – Night

ہم رات کو مووی دیکھیں گے۔

‘Hum raat ko movie dakhein gay.’

We will watch a movie at night.

 آج (‘aaj’) – Today

میں آج کالج جاؤں گا۔

‘Mei aaj college jaon ga.’

I will go to college today.

 کل (‘kal’) – Tomorrow

کل منگل ہے۔

‘Kal mangal hai.’

Tomorrow is Tuesday.

 پرسوں (‘parso’)Day after tomorrow

پرسوں چھٹی ہے۔

‘Parso chuti hai.’

The day after tomorrow is a holiday.

دن (‘din’) – Day

وہ دن میں کام کرتا ہے۔

‘Woh din mei kam karta hai.’

He works during the day.

 مہینہ (‘mahina’) – Month

اس کام میں دو مہینے لگ سکتے ہیں۔

‘Iss kam mein dou mahinay lag saktay hain.’

This job may take two months.

In addition to these time-specific Urdu nouns, it’s quite helpful if you know the days of the week in Urdu. Following are the names of each day of the week in Urdu, along with a few more significant time-specifying nouns.

 سوموار (‘somwar’) – Monday

 منگل (‘mangal’) – Tuesday

 بدھ (‘budh’) – Wednesday

 جمعرات (‘jumayraat’) – Thursday

جمعہ (‘juma’) – Friday

 ہفتہ (‘hafta’) – Saturday

 اتوار (‘itwar’) – Sunday

 ایک ہفتہ (‘aik hafta’) – A week

وہ ایک ہفتے سے سکول آ رہی ہے۔

‘Woh ek haftay say school aa rahi hai.’

She has been coming to school for a week.

سال (‘saal’) – Year

وہ اس سال کالج جائے گا۔

‘Woh is saal college jaye ga.’

He will go to college this year.

 گھنٹہ (‘ghanta’) – Hour

ایک گھنٹے میں ساٹھ سیکنڈز ہوتے ہیں۔

‘Ek ghantay mei saath seconds hotay hain.’

There are sixty seconds in one hour.

In addition to this list of nouns in Urdu, browsing the fifty most common nouns in Urdu at will enable you to learn more basic nouns in Urdu for telling and asking for the time.

4. Transportation

Traffic light

As a foreigner, one can’t escape from the need to travel and get around. While everyone’s purpose for visiting may vary, every needs to have a way to get from one place to another. Thus, it’s essential to learn about nouns in Urdu that will help you travel efficiently.

 ٹریفک (‘traffic’) – Traffic

اس شہر میں ٹریفک بے قابو ہے۔

‘Iss shehar mein traffic beqabu hai.’

The traffic in this city is uncontrollable.

بائیک (‘bike’) – Bike

کیا آپ بائیک چلا سکتے ہیں؟

‘Kia ap bike chala saktay hain?’

Can you ride a bike?

ہوائی جہاز (‘hawai jahaz’) – Airplane

کیا آپ پاکستان ہوائی جہاز پر آئے ہیں؟

‘Kia ap Pakistan hawai jahaz par aye hain?’

Have you traveled on an airplane to Pakistan?

 سڑک (‘sarak’) – Road

یہ سڑک اسلام آباد کو جاتی ہے۔

‘Yeh sarak Islamabad ko jati hai.’

This road leads to Lahore.

ہوائی اڈہ (‘Hawai adda’) – Airport

اس شہر کا ہوائی اڈہ کدھر ہے؟

‘Iss shehar ka hawai adda kidhar hai?’

Where is the airport of this city situated?

لاری اڈہ (‘lari adda’) – Bus station

میں لاری اڈے پر کھڑا ہوں۔

‘Mei lari adday per kharra hun.’

I am at the bus station.

 چوک (‘chowk’) – Intersection

مجھے کلمہ چوک جانا ہے۔

‘Mujhay kalma chowk jana hai.’

I have to go to Kalma Intersection.

Nouns 3

 پیدل (‘paidal’) – On foot

میں وہاں پیدل پہنچوں گا۔

‘Mei wahan paidal pohanchu ga.’

I will reach there on foot.

ٹیکسی  (‘taxi’) – Taxi

میں ہوٹل ٹیکسی پر جاؤں گا۔

‘Mei hotel taxi per jaon ga.’

I will go to the hotel by taxi.

ریل گاڑی (‘rail gari’) – Train

یہاں پر ریل گاڑی کا سفر محفوظ ترین ہے۔

‘Yahan per rail gari ka safar mahfooz tareen hai.’

The train journey is the safest here.

5. School Essentials

Graduation cap, degree, and books

Education is an important social institution, and a topic of great interest to many visitors to Pakistan. If, as a foreign visitor, you want to take your relationship with the natives to the next level, then learning a few Urdu nouns about education is definitely a great idea. Let us learn some important school-related nouns in Urdu to strengthen your Urdu communication.

 یونیورسٹی (‘university’) – University

آپ کون سی یونیورسٹی میں پڑھتے ہو؟

‘Ap kon si university mein parhtay ho?’

In which university do you study?

طالب علم (‘talib-e-ilm’) – Student

وہ ایک اچھا طالب علم ہے۔

‘Woh aik acha talib-e-ilm hai.’

He is a good student.

 استاد (‘ustaad’) Teacher

میں ایک استاد ہوں۔

‘Mei aik ustaad hun.’

I am a teacher.

 کتاب (‘kitaab’) – Book

آپ کون سی کتاب پڑھ رہے ہو؟

‘Aap kaun si kitaab parh rahay ho?’

Which book are you studying?

نصاب (‘nisaab’) – Curriculum

اس سکول کا نصاب اچھا ہے۔

‘Iss school ka nisaab acha hai.’

The curriculum of this school is good.

 جماعت (‘jamaat’) Class

وہ آٹھویں جماعت میں پڑھتا ہے۔

‘Woh athween jamaat mei parrhta hai.’

He studies in eighth grade.

مضمون (‘mazmoon’) – Subject

آپ کو کون سا مضمون پسند ہے؟

‘Aap ko kaun sa mazmoon pasand hai?’

Which subject do you like?

کمرہ جماعت (‘kamra-e-jamaat’) – Classroom

یہ بی ایس کا کمرہ جماعت ہے۔

‘Yeh bs ka kamra-e-jamaat hai.’

This is the classroom of Bachelor of Science.

 نظام تعلیم (‘nizam-e-taleem’) – Education system

آپ کے ملک کا نظام تعلیم اچھا ہے۔

‘Ap kay mulk ka nizam-e-taleem acha hai.’

The education system of your country is good.

 ڈگری (‘degree’) – Degree

آپ کے پاس کونسی ڈگری ہے؟

‘Ap kay pas kaun si degree hai?’

Which degree do you have?

If you’re a keen learner and want to know more Urdu nouns related to education, our back-to-school essentials vocabulary list is a good page to explore.

6. Jobs & Occupations

People of many occupations

Regardless of why you’re visiting Pakistan, you’re likely to be asked about your job or profession. Therefore, being familiar with some job-related Urdu nouns will give you an added advantage of being more at ease with Urdu speakers. Following is our list of Urdu nouns for some important occupations.

 وکیل (‘wakeel’) Lawyer

وہ ایک وکیل ہے۔

‘Woh aik wakeel hai.’

He is a lawyer.

 کاروبار (‘karobar’) Business

وہ اپنا کاروبار کرتا ہے۔

‘Woh apna karobar karta hai.’

He runs his own business.

تاجر (‘tajir’) – Merchant

وہ کپڑے کا تاجر ہے۔

‘Woh kapray ka tajir hai.’

He is a cloth merchant.

 ڈاکٹر (‘doctor’) – Doctor

اس کا بیٹا ایک ڈاکٹر ہے۔

‘Uss ka beta aik doctor hai.’

His son is a doctor.

 درزی (‘darzi’) – Tailor

مجھے ایک درزی کے پاس جانا ہے۔

‘Mujay aik darzi kay pas jana hai.’

I need to visit a tailor.

انجینئر (‘engineer’) – Engineer

وہ ایک مکینیکل انجینئر ہے۔

‘Woh aik mechanical engineer hai.’

He is a mechanical engineer.

صنعت کار (‘sanat kar’) – Industrialist

میرا بھائی ایک صنعت کا ر ہے۔

‘Mera bhai aik sanat kar hai.’

My brother is an industrialist.

 سیاست دان (‘sayasat daan’) – Politician

وہ ایک نرم دل سیاست دان ہے۔

‘Woh aik naram dil sayasat daan hai.’

He is a kind-hearted politician.

 صحافی (‘sahafi’) – Journalist

میں ایک کامیاب صحافی ببنا چاہتا ہوں۔

‘Mei ek kamyab sahafi ban na chahta hun.’

I want to become a successful journalist.

 فوجی (‘foji’) – Soldier

یہ ایک بہادر فوجی ہے۔

‘Yeh aik bahadur foji hai.

This is a brave soldier.

In the near future, will bring you an interesting article about jobs in Urdu-speaking countries, including how to find and attain one. Keep your eyes open for this one! 

7. Family Members

Family posing for photo

Family is another significant social institution. It’s impossible to survive without it in human society. Therefore, when you’re away from home and in another land, people will be curious to know about your family. Following are a few Urdu nouns that will enable you to talk about your family in Urdu.

 باپ (‘baap) – Father

آپ کے باپ کا کیا نام ہے؟

‘Ap kay baap ka kia nam hai?’

What is your father’s name?

 ماں (‘maa’) – Mother

اس کی ماں ایک ہاؤس وائف ہے۔

‘Uss ki maa aik house wife hai.’

His mother is a housewife.

 بیٹا (‘beta’) – Son

آپ کا بیٹا کہاں ہے؟

‘Ap ka beta kahan hai?’

Where is your son?

 بیٹی (‘beti’) – Daughter

کیا آپ کی بیٹی ایک استاد ہے؟

‘Kia ap ki beti aik ustaad hai?’

Is your daughter a teacher?

 بھائی (‘bhai’) – Brother 

وہ میرا بڑا بھائی ہے۔

‘Woh mera bara bhai hai.’

He is my elder brother.

بہن (‘behan’) – Sister

کیا آپ کی بہن ڈاکٹر ہے؟

‘Kia ap ki behan doctor hai?’

Is your sister a doctor?

 خاوند (‘khawind’) – Husband

آپ کے خاوند کیا کرتے ہیں؟

‘Ap kay khawind kia kartay hain?’

What does your husband do?

 بیوی (‘biwi’) – Wife

میری بیوی ہاؤس وائف ہے۔

‘Meri biwi housewife hai.’

My wife is a housewife.

چچا/ماموں (‘chacha/mamu’) – Uncle

وہ میرا چچا/ماموں ہے۔

‘Woh mera chacha/mamu hai.’

He is my uncle.

 چچی/ممانی (‘chachi/mumani’) – Aunt

کیا وہ آپ کی چچی/ممانی ہے؟

‘Kia woh ap ki chachi/mumani hai?’

Is she your aunt? will soon provide you with a blog post on family in Urdu that will introduce you to even more Urdu nouns about familial relations. 

8. Body Parts

Image of the inside of the body

Knowing the names of different parts of the body is essential anywhere, and Pakistan is no exception. If you know these Urdu nouns, you can refer to them in case of a medical or other emergency. To equip you with this knowledge, we have the following Urdu nouns list.

سر (‘sar’) – Head

میرے سر میں درد پے۔

‘Meray sar mein dard hai.’

I have a headache.

آنکھ (‘aankh’) – Eye

آپ کی آنکھیں کالی ہیں۔

‘Ap ki ankhein kali hain.’

Your eyes are black.

 منہ (‘munh’) – Mouth

آپ کے منہ میں کیا ہے؟

‘Ap kay munh mein kia hai?’

What do you have in your mouth?

دانت (‘dant’) – Tooth

اس کے دانت خوبصورت ہیں۔

‘Uss kay daant khubsurat hain.’

His teeth are beautiful.

گردن (‘gardan’) – Neck

آپ کی گردن لمبی ہے۔

‘Ap ki gardan lambi hai.’

Your neck is long.

گلا (‘gala’) – Throat

کیا آپ کے گلے میں انفیکشن ہے؟

‘Kia aap kay galay mein infection hai?’

Do you have a throat infection?

 بازو (‘bazoo’) – Arm

اس کا بازو زخمی ہے۔

‘Uss ka bazoo zakhmi hai.’

His arm is wounded.

 چھاتی (‘chaati’) – Chest

اس کی چھاتی میں درد ہے۔

‘Uss ki chaati mei dard hai.’

He has chest pain.

 دل (‘dil’) – Heart

وہ ایک صحت مند دل کا مالک ہے۔

‘Woh aik sehat mand dil ka malik hai.’

He has a healthy heart.

 ٹانگ (‘taang’) – Leg

اس کی ٹانگ ٹوٹ گئی ہے۔

‘Uss ki taang toot gai hai.’

He has a broken leg.

9. Miscellaneous Nouns in Urdu

Woman using coupon online

Here are ten miscellaneous Urdu nouns that you can use in your conversations with Urdu speakers. 

 پانی (‘pani’) – Water

مجھے پانی کا گلاس چاہئے۔

‘Muhay pani ka glass chahiye.’

I need a glass of water.

 چائے (‘chai’) – Tea

کیا آپ چائے لیں گے؟

‘Kia ap chai lain gay?’

Will you take tea?

 آدمی (‘aadmi’) – Man

یہ آدمی کون ہے؟

‘Yeh aadmi kon hai?’

Who is this man?

 عورت (‘aurat’) – Woman

یہ عورت کہاں رہتی ہے؟

‘Yeh aurat kahan rehti hai?’

Where does this woman live?

 موسم (‘mausam’) – Weather

آج موسم اچھا ہے۔

‘Aaj mausam acha hai.’

It is pleasant weather today.

 ہوٹل (‘hotel’) – Hotel

آپ کس ہوٹل میں ٹھرے ہوئے ہیں؟

‘Aap kis hotel mein thehray huay hain?’

In which hotel are you staying?

 انٹرنیٹ (‘internet’) – Internet

میں انٹرنیٹ استعمال کرنا چاہتا ہوں۔

‘Mei internet istemal karna chahta hun.’

I want to use the internet.

 پنکھا (‘pankha’) – Fan

مہربانی کر کے پنکھا چلا دیں۔

‘Meharbani kar kay pankha chala dain.’

Please, turn the fan on.

 گھر (‘ghar’) – House

آپ کا گھر کہان ہے؟

‘Ap ka ghar kahan hai?’

Where is your house?

  کمرہ (‘kamra’) – Room 

یہ ایک کُشادہ کمرہ ہے۔

‘Yeh ek kushaada kamra hai.’

This is a spacious room.

Nouns 4

10. Conclusion

Never give up learning and keep trying hard. If you want to explore a few more avenues for learning Urdu nouns, then hit our Urdu core one-hundred word list for more nouns in Urdu. Also, to know the meaning of every word in Urdu, use our Urdu dictionary at

So far, you’ve learned about the role and use of nouns in Urdu vocabulary. If you want to know all about nouns in Urdu, then stay tuned; we’ll soon give you a complete guide to nouns in Urdu.

We look forward to your valuable feedback. So, let us know if this article introduced you to new words. Are there any Urdu nouns you still want to know? We value your responses! 

Very Happy Urdu Learning!

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Essential Vocabulary for Life Events in Urdu


What is the most defining moment you will face this year? From memories that you immortalize in a million photographs, to days you never wish to remember, one thing’s for certain: big life events change you. The great poet, Bukowski, said, “We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well, that death will tremble to take us.” The older I get, the more I agree with him!

Talking about significant events in our lives is part of every person’s journey, regardless of creed or culture. If you’re planning to stay in Pakistan for more than a quick visit, you’re sure to need at least a few ‘life events’ phrases that you can use. After all, many of these are shared experiences, and it’s generally expected that we will show up with good manners and warm wishes.

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Table of Contents

  1. Life Events
  2. Marriage Proposal Lines
  3. Talking About Age
  4. Conclusion

1. Life Events

Do you know how to say “Happy New Year” in Urdu? Well, the New Year is a pretty big deal that the whole world is in on! We celebrate until midnight, make mindful resolutions, and fill the night sky with the same happy words in hundreds of languages. No doubt, then, that you’ll want to know how to say it like a local!

Big life events are not all about fun times, though. Real life happens even when you’re traveling, and certain terminology will be very helpful to know. From talking about your new job to wishing your neighbors “Merry Christmas” in Urdu, here at UrduPod101, we’ve put together just the right vocabulary and phrases for you.

1- Birthday – سالگرہ (saalgirah)

If you’re like me, any excuse to bring out a pen and scribble a note is a good one. When there’s a birthday, even better: hello, handwriting!

Your Pakistani friend will love hearing you wish them a “Happy birthday” in Urdu, but how much more will they appreciate a thoughtful written message? Whether you write it on their Facebook wall or buy a cute card, your effort in Urdu is sure to get them smiling! Write it like this:

سالگرہ مبارک (Salgirah mubarik)

Older Woman Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake Surrounded by Friends.

Now that you know the words, I challenge you to put them to music and sing your own “Happy birthday” song in Urdu! It’s not impossible to figure out even more lyrics, once you start discovering the language from scratch.

2- Buy – خریدنا (khareedna)

If there’s a special occasion, you might want to buy somebody a gift. As long as you’ve checked out Urdu etiquette on gift-giving (do a Google search for this!), it will be a lovely gesture. If you’re not sure what to buy, how about the awesome and universally-appealing gift of language? That’s a gift that won’t stop giving!

Two Women at a Counter in a Bookstore, One Buying a Book

3- Retire – ریٹائر (retire)

If you’re planning to expand your mind and retire in Pakistan, you can use this word to tell people why you seem to be on a perpetual vacation!

Retirement is also a great time to learn a new language, don’t you think? And you don’t have to do it alone! These days it’s possible to connect to a vibrant learning community at the click of a button. The added benefit of a Daily Dose of Language is that it keeps your brain cells alive and curious about the world. After all, it’s never too late to realize those long-ignored dreams of traveling the globe…

4- Graduation – گریجویشن (graduation)

When attending a graduation ceremony in Pakistan, be prepared for a lot of formal language! It will be a great opportunity to listen carefully and see if you can pick up differences from the everyday Urdu you hear.

Lecturer or University Dean Congratulating and Handing Over Graduation Certificate to a Young Man on Graduation Day.

5- Promotion – ترقی (taraqqi)

Next to vacation time, receiving a promotion is the one career highlight almost everyone looks forward to. And why wouldn’t you? Sure, it means more responsibility, but it also means more money and benefits and – the part I love most – a change of scenery! Even something as simple as looking out a new office window would boost my mood.

6- Anniversary – سالانہ تقریب (salana taqreeb)

Some anniversaries we anticipate with excitement, others with apprehension. They are days marking significant events in our lives that can be shared with just one person, or with a whole nation. Whether it’s a special day for you and a loved one, or for someone else you know, this word is crucial to know if you want to wish them a happy anniversary in Urdu.

7- Funeral – جنازہ (janaza)

We tend to be uncomfortable talking about funerals in the west, but it’s an important conversation for families to have. Around the world, there are many different customs and rituals for saying goodbye to deceased loved ones – some vastly different to our own. When traveling in Pakistan, if you happen to find yourself the unwitting observer of a funeral, take a quiet moment to appreciate the cultural ethos; even this can be an enriching experience for you.

8- Travel – سفر کرنا (safar karna)

Travel – my favorite thing to do! Everything about the experience is thrilling and the best cure for boredom, depression, and uncertainty about your future. You will surely be forever changed, fellow traveler! But you already know this, don’t you? Well, now that you’re on the road to total Urdu immersion, I hope you’ve downloaded our IOS apps and have your Nook Book handy to keep yourself entertained on those long bus rides.

Young Female Tourist with a Backpack Taking a Photo of the Arc de Triomphe

9- Graduate – گریجویٹ کرنا (graduate karna)

If you have yet to graduate from university, will you be job-hunting in Pakistan afterward? Forward-looking companies sometimes recruit talented students who are still in their final year. Of course, you could also do your final year abroad as an international student – an amazing experience if you’d love to be intellectually challenged and make a rainbow of foreign friends!

10- Wedding – شادی (shaadi)

One of the most-loved traditions that humans have thought up, which you’ll encounter anywhere in the world, is a wedding. With all that romance in the air and months spent on preparations, a wedding is typically a feel-good affair. Two people pledge their eternal love to each other, ladies cry, single men look around for potential partners, and everybody has a happy day of merrymaking.

Ah, but how diverse we are in our expression of love! You will find more wedding traditions around the world than you can possibly imagine. From reciting love quotes to marrying a tree, the options leave no excuse to be boring!

Married Couple During Reception, Sitting at Their Table While a Young Man Gives a Wedding Speech

11- Move – منتقل ہونا (muntaqil hona)

I love Pakistan, but I’m a nomad and tend to move around a lot, even within one country. What are the biggest emotions you typically feel when moving house? The experts say moving is a highly stressful event, but I think that depends on the circumstances. Transitional periods in our lives are physically and mentally demanding, but changing your environment is also an exciting adventure that promises new tomorrows!

12- Be born – پیدا ہونا (peda hona)

I was not born in 1993, nor was I born in Asia. I was born in the same year as Aishwarya Rai, Akon, and Monica Lewinsky, and on the same continent as Freddy Mercury. When and where were you born? More importantly – can you say it in Urdu?

13- Get a job – ملازمت حاصل ہونا (mulaazmat haasil hona)

The thought of looking for a job in a new country can be daunting, but English speakers are in great demand in Pakistan – you just have to do some research, make a few friends and get out there! Also, arming yourself with a few Urdu introductions that you can both say and write will give you a confidence boost. For example, can you write your name in Urdu?

Group of People in Gear that Represent a Number of Occupations.

14- Die – مرنا (marna)

Death is a universal experience and the final curtain on all other life events. How important is it, then, to fully live before we die? If all you have is a passport, a bucket list, and a willingness to learn some lingo, you can manifest those dreams!

15- Job – کام (kaam)

What job do you do? Does it allow you much time for travel, or for working on this fascinating language that has (so rightfully) grabbed your attention? Whatever your job, you are no doubt contributing to society in a unique way. If you’re doing what you love, you’re already on the road to your dream. If not, just remember that every single task is one more skill to add to your arsenal. With that attitude, your dream job is coming!

16- Birth – پیدائش (pedaaish)

Random question: do you know the birth rate of Pakistan?

If you’re lucky enough to be invited to see a friend’s baby just after they are born, you’ll have all my respect and all my envy. There is nothing cuter! Depending on which part of the country you’re in, you may find yourself bearing witness to some pretty unexpected birth customs. Enjoy this privilege!

Crying Newborn Baby Held By a Doctor or Nurse in a Hospital Theatre

17- Engaged – منگنی کرنا (mangni karna)

EE Cummings said, “Lovers alone wear sunlight,” and I think that’s most true at the moment she says “yes.” Getting engaged is something young girls dream of with stars in their eyes, and it truly is a magical experience – from the proposal, to wearing an engagement ring, to the big reveal!

In the world of Instagram, there’s no end to the antics as imaginative couples try more and more outrageous ways to share their engagement with the world. I love an airport flashmob, myself, but I’d rather be proposed to on a secluded beach – salt, sand, and all!

Engagement customs around the world vary greatly, and Pakistan is no exception when it comes to interesting traditions. Learning their unique romantic ways will inspire you for when your turn comes.

Speaking of romance, do you know how to say “Happy Valentine’s Day” in Urdu?

18- Marry – شادی کرنا (shaadi karna)

The one you marry will be the gem on a shore full of pebbles. They will be the one who truly mirrors your affection, shares your visions for the future, and wants all of you – the good, the bad and the inexplicable.

From thinking up a one-of-a-kind wedding, to having children, to growing old together, finding a twin flame to share life with is quite an accomplishment! Speaking of which…

2. Marriage Proposal Lines

Marriage Proposal Lines

Ah, that heart-stopping moment when your true love gets down on one knee to ask for your hand in marriage, breathlessly hoping that you’ll say “Yes!” If you haven’t experienced that – well, it feels pretty darn good, is all I can say! If you’re the one doing the asking, though, you’ve probably had weeks of insomnia agonizing over the perfect time, location and words to use.

Man on His Knee Proposing to a Woman on a Bridge.

How much more care should be taken if your love is from a different culture to yours? Well, by now you know her so well, that most of it should be easy to figure out. As long as you’ve considered her personal commitment to tradition, all you really need is a few words from the heart. Are you brave enough to say them in Urdu?

3. Talking About Age

Talking about Age

Part of the wonder of learning a new language is having the ability to strike up simple conversations with strangers. Asking about age in this context feels natural, as your intention is to practice friendly phrases – just be mindful of their point of view!

When I was 22, I loved being asked my age. Nowadays, if someone asks, I say, “Well, I’ve just started my fifth cat life.” Let them ponder that for a while.

In Pakistan, it’s generally not desirable to ask an older woman her age for no good reason, but chatting about age with your peers is perfectly normal. Besides, you have to mention your birthday if you want to be thrown a birthday party!

4. Conclusion

Well, there you have it! With so many great new Urdu phrases to wish people with, can you think of someone who has a big event coming up? If you want to get even more creative, UrduPod101 has much to inspire you with – come and check it out! Here’s just some of what we have on offer at UrduPod101:

  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Urdu with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account – for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Urdu dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about UrduPod101…!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Urdu teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to – what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Urdu word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Urdu level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in UrduPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Urdu.

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Talk About the Weather in Urdu Like a Native


Did you know that every minute of the day, one billion tons of rain falls on the earth? Hard to believe, considering the climate crisis! Of course, all that rain is not equally shared across the planet.

So, would you mention this fascinating fact to your new Pakistani acquaintance? Well, small talk about local weather is actually a great conversation-starter. Everyone cares about the weather and you’re sure to hear a few interesting opinions! Seasons can be quite unpredictable these days and nobody knows the peculiarities of a region better than the locals.

UrduPod101 will equip you with all the weather vocabulary you need to plan your next adventure. The weather can even be an important discussion that influences your adventure plans. After all, you wouldn’t want to get caught on an inflatable boat with a two-horsepower motor in Hurricane Horrendous!

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Table of Contents

  1. Talking about the weather in Pakistan
  2. Words for the first day of spring
  3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?
  4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary
  5. Winter
  6. UrduPod101 can prepare you for any season.

1. Talking about the weather in Pakistan

Talking About Weather

If you’re like me, your day’s activity plan is likely to begin with a strong local coffee and a chat about what the sky is doing. After all, being prepared could be the difference between an amazing day and a miserable one! Luckily, it’s not difficult to comment on Pakistani weather – just start with these simple words and phrases.

1- The rain is falling on the street – .بارش سڑک پر گر رہی ہے (Barish sarak par gir rahi hai)

Watercolor artists, take out your paints! You might not be able to venture out on foot today, but just embrace the rain as part of your Pakistani experience. When the rain stops, the air will be clean and colours vibrant.

2- The snow has covered everything – برف نے ہر چیز کو لپیٹ لیا ہے (Baraf ne har cheez ko lapait liya hai).

A fresh blanket of snow is irresistibly beautiful. Pull on your boots and beanie, and leave your tracks in this foreign landscape. Don’t resist the urge to build a snowman – you need this!

3- Fluffy cloud – روئیں جیسا بادل (Ruin jaisa badal).

When you’re waiting for a warm beach day, fluffy white clouds in a blue sky are a good sign. Don’t forget your sunscreen, as clouds will intensify the UV rays hitting your skin.

Fluffy White Cloud in Clear Blue Sky

4- Freeze – جمنا (jamna)

Night temperatures can get chilly and might freeze the condensation on your windows. A good way to clear them up is with warm salt water.

5- Heavy rain – تیز بارش (tez baarish)

If you’re visiting Pakistan in the wet season, it’s important to stay informed when heavy rain sets in, so keep an eye on the weather radar. Avoid river activities and rather spend this time making a home-cooked meal and brushing up on your Urdu weather words.

Heavy Rain in a Park

6- Flood – سیلاب (selaab)

If you do get caught in a flood, your destination should no longer be ‘home’, but the nearest high ground.

7- Typhoon – آندھی (aandhi)

Not all countries experience typhoons, but you need to know when to prepare for one! It will be very scary if you’ve never experienced one before. Your local neighbours are the best people to advise you on where to take shelter, as they’ve been doing it for generations. Be sure to get the low-down at the first sign of rough weather!

8- Weather report – موسم کا حال (mausam ka haal)

When planning an outdoor activity, especially on a body of water, always be prepared for a change in the weather. Ask your hotel receptionist or neighbour where you can get a reliable daily weather report, and don’t forget your sweater!

Two Men on Sailboat

9- Today’s weather is sunny with occasional clouds – .آج کا موسم دھوپ کے ساتھ کبھی کبھار بادلوں والا ہے (Aaj ka mosam dhoop ky sath kabhi kabhar badalo wala hai).

Sunny weather is the dream when traveling in Pakistan! Wake up early, pack the hats and sunblock and go and experience the terrain, sights and beautiful spots. You’ll be rewarded with happy vibes all around.

10- A rainy day – ایک بارش والا دن (Aik barish wala din)

Remember when you said you’d save the Urdu podcasts for a rainy day? Now’s that day!

11- Rainbow – قوس و قزح (qos o qaza)

The best part about the rain is that you can look forward to your first rainbow in Pakistan. There’s magic in that!

12- Lightning – بجلی (bijli)

Lightning is one of the most fascinating weather phenomena you can witness without really being in danger – at least if you’re sensible and stay indoors! Did you know that lightning strikes the earth 40-50 times per second? Fortunately, not all countries experience heavy electric storms!

Electric Storm

13- Celsius – سنٹگریڈ (centigrade)

Asking a local what the outside temperature will be is another useful question for planning your day. It’s easy if you know the Urdu term for ‘degrees Celsius’.

14- Fahrenheit – فارن ہائیٹ (fehrenheit)

Although the Fahrenheit system has been replaced by Celsius in almost all countries, it’s still used in the US and a few other places.

15- Clear sky – صاف مطلع (saaf matlaa)

Clear skies mean you’ll probably want to get the camera out and capture some nature shots – not to mention the great sunsets you’ll have later on. Twilight can lend an especially magical quality to a landscape on a clear sky day, when the light is not filtered through clouds.

Hikers on Mountain with Clear Sky

16- Drizzle – بوندا باندی (boonda baandi)

Days when it’s drizzling are perfect for taking in the cultural offerings of Pakistan. You could go to the mall and watch a Pakistani film, visit museums and art galleries, explore indoor markets or even find the nearest climbing wall. Bring an umbrella!

17- Temperature on a thermometer – درجہ حرارت (darja hararat)

Because of the coronavirus, many airports are conducting temperature screening on passengers. Don’t worry though – it’s just a precaution. Your temperature might be taken with a no-touch thermometer, which measures infrared energy coming off the body.

18- Humid – مرطوب (martoob)

I love humid days, but then I’m also a water baby and I think the two go
together like summer and rain. Find a pool or a stream to cool off in – preferably in the shade!

Humidity in Tropical Forest

19- Humidity – نمی (nami)

Low humidity days are the best days to go walking the hills and vales. Just take at least one Pakistani friend with you so you don’t get lost!

20- Wind – ہوا (hawa)

A strong wind blows away the air pollution and is very healthy in that respect. Just avoid the mountain trails today, unless you fancy being blown across the continent like a hot air balloon.

21- It’s windy outside – .باہر ہوا ہے (Bahir hawa hai).

Wind! My least favourite weather condition. Of course, if you’re a kitesurfer, a windy day is what you’ve been waiting for!

Leaves and Umbrella in the Wind

22- Ice over – برف جمنا (baraf jamna)

The roads will be dangerous in conditions where things ice over, so please don’t take chances. The ice will thaw as soon as the sun comes out, so be patient!

23- Muggy – مرطوب اور گرم مرطوب اور گرم (martoob aur garam)

Muggy days make your skin feel sticky and sap your energy. They’re particular to high humidity. Cold shower, anyone? Ice vest? Whatever it takes to feel relief from the humidity!

24- Fog – دھند دھند (dhund)

Not a great time to be driving, especially in unknown territory, but keep your fog lights on and drive slowly.

Fog on a Pond with Ducks

25- Hurricane – سمندری طوفان (samandari toofaan)

Your new Pakistani friends will know the signs, so grab some food and candles and prepare for a night of staying warm and chatting about wild weather in Pakistan.

Palm Trees in a Hurricane

26- Tornado – طوفان (toofaan)

If you hear these words, it will probably be obvious already that everyone is preparing for the worst! Definitely do whatever your accommodation hosts tell you to do when a tornado is expected.

27- It’s cloudy today – آج موسم ابر آلود ہے۔ (Aaj mosam abar alood hai).

While there won’t be any stargazing tonight, the magnificent clouds over Pakistan will make impressive photographs. Caption them in Urdu to impress your friends back home!

Cloudy Weather on Beach with Beach Huts

28- Below freezing – صفر درجے سے کم (sifar darjay say kum)

When the temperature is below freezing, why not take an Uber and go shopping for some gorgeous Pakistani winter gear?

Woman with Winter Gear in Freezing Weather

29- Wind chill – یخ بستہ ہوا (Yakh basta hawa)

Wind doesn’t change the ambient temperature of the air, it just changes your body temperature, so the air will feel colder to you than it actually is.

Thermometer Below Freezing Point

30- Clear up – موسم صاف ہونا (mausam saaf hona)

Waiting for the weather to clear up so you can go exploring is frustrating, let’s be honest. That’s why you should always travel with two things: a scintillating novel and your Urdu Nook Book.

31- Extreme heat – شدید گرمی (shadeed garmi)

Is the heat trying to kill you? Unless you’re a hardened heatwave hero, definitely avoid activity, stay hydrated and drink electrolytes. Loose cotton or linen garb is the way to go!

Hand Holding a Melting Ice Cream

32- Frost – انجامد (anjaamid)

Frost is water vapour that has turned to ice crystals and it happens when the earth cools so much in the night, that it gets colder than the air above it. Winter is coming!

33- Shower – چھینٹا (cheenta)

Rain showers are typically brief downpours that drench the earth with a good drink of water.

34- Become cloudy – آسمان ابر آلود ہو گیا ہے (aasmaan abar aalood ho gaya hai)

When I hear it will become cloudy on the Urdu weather channel, I buy a bottle of wine (red, of course) and wood for the fireplace. A cold and cloudy evening needs its comforts!

Snow in the Park at Night

35- Thunderstorm – گرز کا طوفان (garaj ka toofaan)

Keep an eye on the Pakistani weather maps if it looks like a big storm is coming, so you’ll be well-informed.

36- Ice has formed on the window – برف (baraf)

You could try this phrase out on the hotel’s helpful cleaning staff, or fix the problem yourself. Just add a scoop or two of salt to a spray bottle of water – that should work!

37- Hail – اولے (olay)

As a kid, I found hail crazy exciting. Not so much now – especially if I’m on the road and large hailstones start pummeling my windscreen!

Large Hailstones on a Wooden Floor

38- Thunder – گرج (garaj)

The rumble of rolling thunder is that low-volume, ominous background sound that goes on for some time. It’s strangely exciting if you’re safely in your hotel room; it could either suddenly clear up, or escalate to a storm.

39- Sleet – ادھ جمی برف (adh jami baraf)

Sleet is tiny hard pieces of ice made from a mixture of rain and melted snow that froze. It can be messy, but doesn’t cause major damage the way hail does. Pretty cool to know this word in Urdu!

2. Words for the first day of spring

You know the feeling: your heart skips a beat when you wake up and spring has sprung! Spring will reward you with new blossoms everywhere, birdsong in the air, kittens being born in the neighborhood and lovely views when you hit the trails. Pack a picnic and ask a new Pakistani friend to show you the more natural sights. Don’t forget a light sweater and a big smile. This is the perfect time to practice some Urdu spring words!

Spring Vocabulary

3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?

Summer! Who doesn’t love that word? It conjures up images of blue skies, tan skin, vacations at the beach and cruising down the coast in an Alfa Romeo, sunglasses on and the breeze in your hair. Of course, in Pakistan there are many ways to enjoy the summer – it all depends on what you love to do. One thing’s for sure: you will have opportunities to make friends, go on picnics, sample delicious local ice-cream and maybe even learn to sing some Urdu songs. It’s up to you! Sail into Pakistani summer with this summer vocab list, and you’ll blend in with ease.

Four Adults Playing on the Beach in the Sand

4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary

Victoria Ericksen said, “If a year was tucked inside of a clock, then autumn would be the magic hour,” and I agree. Who can resist the beauty of fall foliage coloring the Pakistani landscape? Birds prepare to migrate; travelers prepare to arrive for the best weather in Pakistan.

The autumnal equinox marks the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator, making day and night almost equal in length. The cool thing about this event is that the moon gets really bright – the ‘harvest moon’, as it’s traditionally known.

So, as much as the change of season brings more windy and rainy days, it also brings celebration. Whether you honor Thanksgiving, Halloween or the Moon Festival, take some time to color your vocabulary with these Urdu autumn words.

Autumn Phrases

5. Winter

Winter is the time the natural world slows down to rest and regroup. I’m a summer girl, but there are fabulous things about winter that I really look forward to. For one, it’s the only season I get to accessorize with my gorgeous winter gloves and snug down coat!

Then, of course, there’s ice skating, holiday decorations and bonfires. As John Steinbeck said, “What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness?” Get ready for the cold season with our list of essential Winter words!

Skier Sitting in the Snow

6. UrduPod101 can prepare you for any season.

Now that you know how to inquire and comment on the weather in Pakistan, you
can confidently plan your weather-ready travel itinerary. How about this for an idea: the next
time you’re sitting in a Pakistani street café, try asking someone local this question:

“Do you think the weather will stay like this for a few days?” If you loved learning these cool Urdu weather phrases with us, why not take it a step further and add to your repertoire? UrduPod101 is here to help!

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Secret Revealed: The Best Way to Learn a Language on Your Own

Learning A Language on Your Own

Can You Really Learn Urdu Alone?

Learning a language on your own or without traditional classroom instruction may seem quite daunting at first. What if you run into questions? How do you stay motivated and on track to achieving goals?

Don’t worry, not only is it possible to learn Urdu or any language without traditional classroom instruction: UrduPod101 has created the world’s most advanced and extensive online language learning system. Not only is UrduPod101 specifically designed to help you with learning a language on your own, it’s actually faster, more convenient, and less expensive than traditional classroom options!

Let’s look at some of the benefits of learning Urdu or any language alone.

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3 Reasons to Learn a Language Alone

Learning Alone

1. Learn at Your Own Pace and On Your Schedule

In today’s fast-paced world, there just isn’t time for traditional classroom instruction. Between getting to class and studying on some professor or teacher’s schedule, traditional classroom learning is simply impossible to fit in. But when you learn Urdu alone, you can study in bed if you like and whenever suits your schedule best, making it far easier to actually reach your goal of learning and mastering the language.

2. Learning a Language on Your Own Reduces Stress and Anxiety

Speaking in front of a class, pop quizzes, and tests are just a few of the stressors you will encounter when you learn a language in a traditional classroom setting. Specifically, these are external stressors that often derail most people’s dream of learning a new language. But when you learn Urdu alone, there are no external stressors. Without the external stress and anxiety, it becomes much easier and more exciting to study Urdu and reach your very own goals—all on your own!

3. Learning Urdu Alone Helps Improve Cognitive Function and Overall Success

Learning a language on your own is indeed more challenging in some ways than being taught in a traditional classroom setting. In fact, while classroom instruction requires more rote memorization and following instructions, studying a language on your own requires more problem-solving and higher cognitive function to self-teach lessons and hit goals. So while it’s more challenging and requires higher levels of cognition, teaching yourself a language pays dividends throughout life by better preparing you for social/work opportunities that arise.

How to Learn a Language on Your Own with UrduPod101

Learning with UrduPod101

1. Access to the World’s Largest Collection of Urdu Audio & Video Lessons

The best way to learn a language on your own is to study from native speaking instructors. Ideally, you want audio and/or video lessons that teach vocabulary, grammar, and provide actual Urdu conversations and dialogue to help you with pronunciation. UrduPod101 has hundreds of hours of HD audio and video lessons created by real Urdu instructors and every lesson is presented by professional Urdu actors for perfect pronunciation. Plus, all lessons can be accessed 24/7 via any mobile device with Internet access. And, if you download the PDF versions of each lesson, you can even study without Internet access once the lesson is stored on your device!

2. “Learning Paths” with Urdu Courses Based Upon Your Exact Needs & Goals

Although UrduPod101 has more than thousands of video and audio lessons, you need not review each and every one to learn the language. In fact, UrduPod101 has developed a feature called “Learning Paths”. You simply tell us your goals and we will identify the best courses and study plan to help you reach them in the shortest time possible. So even though you are technically learning a language on your own, our team is always here to help and make sure you reach your goals FAST!

3. Advanced Learning Tools Reduce Learning Time and Boost Retention

When you have the right tools and Urdu learning resources, it’s actually easy to teach yourself a language! In the past 10+ years, UrduPod101 has developed, tested, and refined more than 20 advanced learning tools to boost retention and reduce learning time, including:

  • Spaced Repetition Flashcards
  • Line-by-Line Dialogue Breakdown
  • Review Quizzes
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  • Teacher Feedback and Comments for Each Lesson
  • Urdu Dictionary with Pronunciation
  • Free PDF Cheat Sheets
  • And Much More!

Armed with our growing collection of advanced learning tools, it’s truly a breeze to learn Urdu alone and reach your goals!


Learning a language on your own is not only possible, it’s actually easier and more beneficial for you than traditional classroom instruction. In fact, when you learn Urdu on your own you can study at your own pace, eliminate stress, and actually increase cognitive function.

UrduPod101 is the world’s most advanced online language learning system and a great resource to help you teach yourself a new language. With the world’s largest collection of HD audio and video lessons, more than 20 advanced learning tools, and customized “Learning Paths”, UrduPod101 makes learning a new language easier, more convenient, and less expensive than traditional classroom instruction.

And the best part is: With UrduPod101, you can study in bed, your car, or wherever you have a few spare minutes of time. Create your Free Lifetime Account now and get a FREE ebook to help “kickstart” your dream of learning a language on your own below!

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