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Lesson Transcript

Culture Class: Essential Urdu Vocabulary, Season 1, Lesson 25: 5 Natural Disasters

Intro

Kellie: Hi everyone, I'm Kellie.
Hamza: And I'm Hamza!
Kellie: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Urdu Vocabulary, Season 1, Lesson 25! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to health and emergencies. These are the five most common natural disasters in Pakistan. Hand-picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at UrduPod101.com.
BODY
Kellie: Hamza, what's our first word?
Hamza: سیلاب (saylaab)
Kellie: "flood"
Hamza: [SLOW] سیلاب (saylaab) [NORMAL] سیلاب (saylaab)
Kellie: Listeners, please repeat:
Hamza: سیلاب (saylaab)
[pause - 5 sec.]
Kellie: Very common in the Punjab and Sindh provinces. Every other year these provinces usually face floods. In 1950, floods struck the Punjab province and 2900 people lost their lives. The provincial capital Lahore was also very badly affected by these floods.
Kellie: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hamza: [NORMAL]
1950 کے سیلاب میں بہت سے لوگوں نے اپنی زندگی کھو دی.
(1950 ky saylaab mein bohat say logo nay apni zindagi kho di.)
Kellie: "Many people lost their lives in the floods of 1950."
Hamza: [SLOW]
1950 کے سیلاب میں بہت سے لوگوں نے اپنی زندگی کھو دی
(1950 ky saylaab mein bohat say logo nay apni zindagi kho di.)
Kellie: Okay, what's the next word?
Hamza: ہوا کا طوفان (hawa ka toofan)
Kellie: "windstorm"
Hamza: [SLOW] ہوا کا طوفان (hawa ka toofan) [NORMAL] ہوا کا طوفان (hawa ka toofan)
Kellie: Listeners, please repeat:
Hamza: ہوا کا طوفان (hawa ka toofan)
[pause - 5 sec.]
Kellie: "Windstorms are rare in Pakistan. In 1965 a strong windstorm struck Karachi city, damaging its infrastructure and killing 10,000 people."
Kellie: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hamza: [NORMAL]
1965 کا ہوا کا طوفان بہت تیز تھا.
Kellie: "The windstorm of 1965 was very strong."
Hamza: [SLOW]
1965 کا ہوا کا طوفان بہت تیز تھا.
Kellie: Okay, what's the next word?
Hamza: زلزلہ (zalzala)
Kellie: "earthquake"
Hamza: [SLOW] زلزلہ (zalzala) [NORMAL] زلزلہ (zalzala)
Kellie: Listeners, please repeat:
Hamza: زلزلہ (zalzala)
[pause - 5 sec.]
Kellie: Earthquakes are rare in Pakistan. Houses are not made to be earthquake resistant, so even a weak earthquake with a long duration can cause a lot of damage. In 2005, a 7.6 scale earthquake hit the Kashmir region and 73,000 people lost their lives. More than 3 million people were homeless. It is considered to be the region's biggest natural disaster.
Kellie: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hamza: [NORMAL] . کشمیر کے زلزلے میں ایک مکمل گاؤں تباہ ہو گیا (Kashmir kay zalzaly mein aik mukamal gaon tabah ho gaya.)
Kellie: "A whole village was destroyed in the Kashmir earthquake."
Hamza: [SLOW] . کشمیر کے زلزلے میں ایک مکمل گاؤں تباہ ہوگیا (Kashmir kay zalzaly mein aik mukamal gaon tabah ho gaya.)
Kellie: Okay, what's the next word?
Hamza: سائکلون (cyclone)
Kellie: "cyclone"
Hamza: [SLOW] سائکلون (cyclone) [NORMAL] سائکلون (cyclone)
Kellie: Listeners, please repeat:
Hamza: سائکلون (cyclone)
[pause - 5 sec.]
Kellie: Cyclones are not very common in Pakistan. In 2007, Cyclone Yemyin hit the coastal areas, killing 730 people.
Kellie: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hamza: [NORMAL] . سائکلون یمین نے ساحلی علاقوں کو بری طرح متاثر کیا (Cyclone yemyin nay sahili ilaqon ko buri tarah mutasir kia.)
Kellie: "Cyclone Yemyin badly affected the coastal areas."
Hamza: [SLOW] . سائکلون یمین نے ساحلی علاقوں کو بری طرح متاثر کیا (Cyclone yemyin nay sahili ilaqon ko buri tarah mutasir kia.)
Kellie: Okay, what's the next word?
Hamza: خشک سالی (khushq sali)
Kellie: "drought"
Hamza: [SLOW] خشک سالی (khushq sali) [NORMAL] خشک سالی (khushq sali)
Kellie: Listeners, please repeat:
Hamza: خشک سالی (khushq sali)
[pause - 5 sec.]
Kellie: Droughts are not very common, but there have been a few in the past 20 years in the Sindh and Balochistan provinces. In 2000, a drought hit the Balochistan province, affecting 1.2 million people and causing 100 deaths.
Kellie: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Hamza: [NORMAL]
2000 کی خشک سالی نے زراعت کو بری طرح متاثر کیا.
(2000 ki khushq sali nay zaraat ko buri tarah mutasir kia.)
Kellie: "The drought of 2000 affected agriculture badly."
Hamza: [SLOW]
2000 کی خشک سالی نے زراعت کو بری طرح متاثر کیا.
(2000 ki khushq sali nay zaraat ko buri tarah mutasir kia.)
QUIZ
Kellie: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Hamza will give you the Urdu - please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Hamza: سائکلون (cyclone)
[PAUSE] Kellie: "cyclone"
Hamza: ہوا کا طوفان (hawa ka toofan)
[PAUSE] Kellie: "windstorm"
Hamza: خشک سالی (khushq sali)
[PAUSE] Kellie: "drought"
Hamza: سیلاب (saylaab)
[PAUSE] Kellie: "flood"
Hamza: زلزلہ (zalzala)
[PAUSE] Kellie: "earthquake"

Outro

Kellie: There you have it - the five most common natural disasters in Pakistan! We have more vocab lists available at UrduPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks, everyone! See you on another series!
Hamza: خدا حافظ (Khuda Hafiz)

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Do you know of any other common natural disasters in Pakistan?