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Lesson Transcript

Culture Class: Essential Urdu Vocabulary, Season 1, Lesson 11: Geographical Features

Intro

James: Hi everyone, I'm James.
Afrah: And I'm Afrah!
James: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Urdu Vocabulary, Season 1, Lesson 11! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to geography and nature. These are five geographical features in Pakistan. Hand-picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at UrduPod101.com.
BODY
James: Afrah, what's our first word?
Afrah: پہاڑ (pahar)
James: "mountain"
Afrah: [SLOW] پہاڑ (pahar) [NORMAL] پہاڑ (pahar)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: پہاڑ (pahar)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: Pakistan is blessed with mountains. The Himalayas pass through Pakistan and the world's second highest peak, K-2, is also in Pakistan.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . دوسرا بلند ترین پہاڑ پاکستان میں ہے (Dusra buland tareen pahar Pakistan mein hai.)
James: "The second highest mountain is in Pakistan."
Afrah: [SLOW] . دوسرا بلند ترین پہاڑ پاکستان میں ہے (Dusra buland tareen pahar Pakistan mein hai.)
James: Okay, what's the next word?
Afrah: صحرا (sehra)
James: "desert"
Afrah: [SLOW] صحرا (sehra) [NORMAL] صحرا (sehra)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: صحرا (sehra)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: Pakistan has big deserts in the Punjab and Sindh provinces.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . چولستان صحرا میں ہر سال ایک صحرائی ریلی منعقد کی جاتی ہے (Cholistan sehra mein har saal aik sehrai rally munaqad ki jati hai.)
James: "A desert rally is organized in the Cholistan desert every year."
Afrah: [SLOW] . چولستان صحرا میں ہر سال ایک صحرائی ریلی منعقد کی جاتی ہے (Cholistan sehra mein har saal aik sehrai rally munaqad ki jati hai.)
James: Okay, what's the next word?
Afrah: سمندر (samundar)
James: "sea"
Afrah: [SLOW] سمندر (samundar) [NORMAL] سمندر (samundar)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: سمندر (samundar)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: The city of Karachi has a sea port through which most of the Pakistani trade is carried out.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . کراچی کے لوگ ساحل سمندر پر جانا پسند کرتے ہیں (Karachi ky log sahil e samundar per jana pasand kertay hain.)
James: "People of Karachi like to go to the sea coast."
Afrah: [SLOW] . کراچی کے لوگ ساحل سمندر پر جانا پسند کرتے ہیں (Karachi ky log sahil e samundar per jana pasand kertay hain.)
James: Okay, what's the next word?
Afrah: دریا (darya)
James: "river"
Afrah: [SLOW] دریا (darya) [NORMAL] دریا (darya)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: دریا (darya)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: Five major rivers pass through Pakistan, which provides water to farmers for growing crops.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . دریا راوی پنجاب میں بہتا ہے (Darya e ravi punjab mein behta hai.)
James: "The Ravi river flows through Punjab."
Afrah: [SLOW] . دریا راوی پنجاب میں بہتا ہے (Darya e ravi punjab mein behta hai.)
James: Okay, what's the next word?
Afrah: جنگل (jungle)
James: "forest"
Afrah: [SLOW] جنگل (jungle) [NORMAL] جنگل (jungle)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: جنگل (jungle)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: Pakistan has dense forests that provide wood for fuel and furniture. As the population grows, the demand for land does too, and some of the forests are being cut down. Recently the country started planting trees to keep the environment clean and green.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . ہم جنگل سے لکڑی حاصل کرتے ہیں (Hum jungle say lakri hasil kertay hain.)
James: "We get wood from the forest."
Afrah: [SLOW] . ہم جنگل سے لکڑی حاصل کرتے ہیں (Hum jungle say lakri hasil kertay hain.)
QUIZ
James: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Afrah will give you the Urdu - please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Afrah: دریا (darya)
[PAUSE] James: "river"
Afrah: صحرا (sehra)
[PAUSE] James: "desert"
Afrah: جنگل (jungle)
[PAUSE] James: "forest"
Afrah: پہاڑ (pahar)
[PAUSE] James: "mountain"
Afrah: سمندر (samundar)
[PAUSE] James: "sea"

Outro

James: There you have it - five geographical features in Pakistan! We have more vocab lists available at UrduPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks, everyone! See you next time!
Afrah: خدا حافظ (Khuda Hafiz)

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Do you know any other Pakistani geographical features?