Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

James: Hi everyone, I'm James.
Afrah: And I'm Afrah!
James: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Urdu Vocabulary, Season 1, Lesson 1! In this lesson you'll learn five essential phrases related to daily life. These are the five most important national holidays in Pakistan. Hand-picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at UrduPod101.com.
BODY
James: Afrah, what's our first holiday?
Afrah: عید الفطر (Eid ul Fitr)
James: "Eid ul-Fitr"
Afrah: [SLOW] عید الفطر (Eid ul Fitr) [NORMAL] عید الفطر (Eid ul Fitr)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: عید الفطر (Eid ul Fitr)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: A religious event celebrated by Muslims at the end of the holy month of Ramadan, in which Muslims perform fasts. This event is not celebrated on a specific date because of the Islamic calendar, which relies on the sighting of the moon each month.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this phrase.
Afrah: [NORMAL] .رمضان کے آخر پر عید الفطر منائی جاتی ہے (Ramzan kay akhir per Eid ul Fitr manai jati hai.)
James: "Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan."
Afrah: [SLOW] .رمضان کے آخر پر عید الفطر منائی جاتی ہے (Ramzan kay akhir per Eid ul Fitr manai jati hai.)
James: Okay, what's the next holiday?
Afrah: عید الاضحی (Eid ul Azha)
James: "Eid ul-Adha"
Afrah: [SLOW] عید الاضحی (Eid ul Azha) [NORMAL] عید الاضحی (Eid ul Azha)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: عید الاضحی (Eid ul Azha)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: A religious event in which Muslims celebrate the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim by sharing food with the poor. This holiday is not celebrated on a specific date because of the Islamic calendar, which relies on the sighting of the moon each month.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this phrase.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . مسلمان عید الاضحی پرغریبوں میں گوشت بانٹتے ہیں (Musalman Eid ul Azha per ghareebon mein gosht bantay hain.)
James: "Muslims distribute meat amongst the poor on Eid al-Adha."
Afrah: [SLOW] . مسلمان عید الاضحی پرغریبوں میں گوشت بانٹتے ہیں (Musalman Eid ul Azha per ghareebon mein gosht bantay hain.)
James: Okay, what's the next holiday?
Afrah: یوم آزادی (Youm e azadi)
James: "Independence Day"
Afrah: [SLOW] یوم آزادی (Youm e azadi) [NORMAL] یوم آزادی (Youm e azadi)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: یوم آزادی (Youm e azadi)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: A holiday celebrated on August 14th that marks the independence of Pakistan.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this phrase.
Afrah: [NORMAL] یوم آزادی کے دن عمارتوں کو سجایا جاتا ہے. (Youm e azadi ky din imaraton ko sajaya jata hai.)
James: "Buildings are decorated on Independence day."
Afrah: [SLOW] یوم آزادی کے دن عمارتوں کو سجایا جاتا ہے. (Youm e azadi ky din imaraton ko sajaya jata hai.)
James: Okay, what's the next holiday?
Afrah: یوم کشمیر (Youm e kashmir)
James: "Kashmir Day"
Afrah: [SLOW] یوم کشمیر (Youm e kashmir) [NORMAL] یوم کشمیر (Youm e kashmir)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: یوم کشمیر (Youm e kashmir)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: A holiday celebrated on February 5th to show solidarity for the Muslims of occupied Kashmir.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this phrase.
Afrah: [NORMAL] . یوم کشمیر کے دن پاکستانی مقبوضہ کشمیر کے مسلمانوں کے ساتھ یکجہتی کا اظہار کرتے ہیں (Youm e kashmir ky din pakistani maqbuza kahsmir ky musalmano ky sath yakjehti ka izhar kertay hain.)
James: "On Kashmir Day, the people of Pakistan show their solidarity for the Muslims of occupied Kashmir."
Afrah: [SLOW] . یوم کشمیر کے دن پاکستانی مقبوضہ کشمیر کے مسلمانوں کے ساتھ یکجہتی کا اظہار کرتے ہیں (Youm e kashmir ky din pakistani maqbuza kahsmir ky musalmano ky sath yakjehti ka izhar kertay hain.)
James: Okay, what's the next holiday?
Afrah: قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ (Quaid-e-Azam ki Salgirah)
James: "Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam"
Afrah: [SLOW] قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ (Quaid-e-Azam ki Salgirah) [NORMAL] قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ (Quaid-e-Azam ki Salgirah)
James: Listeners, please repeat:
Afrah: قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ (Quaid-e-Azam ki Salgirah)
[pause - 5 sec.]
James: A holiday celebrated on December 25th for the birth of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.
James: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this phrase.
Afrah: [NORMAL] .قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ جوش کے ساتھ منائی جاتی ہے (Quaid-e-Azam ki salgirah josh ky sath manai jati hai.)
James: "The birth of Quaid-e-Azam is celebrated with zeal."
Afrah: [SLOW] .قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ جوش کے ساتھ منائی جاتی ہے (Quaid-e-Azam ki salgirah josh ky sath manai jati hai.)
QUIZ
James: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the phrases you just learned? Afrah will give you the Urdu - please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Afrah: یوم کشمیر (Youm e kashmir)
[PAUSE] James: "Kashmir Day"
Afrah: عید الاضحی (Eid ul Azha)
[PAUSE] James: "Eid ul-Adha"
Afrah: قائد اعظم کی سالگرہ (Quaid-e-Azam ki Salgirah)
[PAUSE] James: "Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam" (Birth of Quaid-e-Azam)
Afrah: عید الفطر (Eid ul Fitr)
[PAUSE] James: "Eid ul-Fitr"
Afrah: یوم آزادی (Youm e azadi)
[PAUSE] James: "Independence Day"

Outro

James: There you have it - the five most important national holidays in Pakistan! We have more vocab lists available at UrduPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks, everyone! See you next time!
Afrah: خدا حافظ (Khuda Hafiz)

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Do you know of any other Pakistani National Holidays?