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Lesson Transcript

Eric: Hi everyone, I am Eric and welcome to Urdupod101.com. This is the Urdu Pronunciation series, lesson 1 - The Pronunciation of Urdu Consonants, Part 1
Afrah:[ السلام علیکم. میرا نام افراح ہے] Hi, Afrah here.
Eric: In this lesson, we are going to start with the basics and slowly work our way up.
Afrah: That’s right. First we’ll talk about what Urdu sounds are made of.
Eric: Before we begin, we recommend that you read the lesson notes as you listen, so you can follow along as we talk about the sounds. So, Urdu has a wide variety of sounds compared with other languages.
Afrah:That’s right – there are 38 consonants in Urdu.
Eric: And there are about 10 vowels. In Urdu, there are no words like the English word “strength” which have clusters of 3 or more consonants. An Urdu syllable is made up of a consonant and a vowel. Afrah, can we hear some examples of what typical Urdu words sound like?
Afrah: Sure. For example, “Daal Chawal" which means curry rice.
Eric: Each one of these words is made up of simple consonants and vowels. Can we have another example?
Afrah: Sure. Another would be “moseeki”. It means “music”.
Eric: So again, this one is made from simple consonants and vowels.

Lesson focus

Afrah: Okay, let’s get back to the consonants. There are many consonants with the same English pronunciation, but many differences also exist.
Eric: As we mentioned before, Urdu has 38 consonants.
Afrah: Some of these consonants come from older languages like Sanskrit.
Eric: I think 38 consonants is a lot. So why don’t we do half and half. Let’s start with the first 18 consonants in this lesson, and we’ll do the rest in the next lesson.
Afrah:Sure. That sounds like a great idea!
Eric: Let’s start with the first consonant, which is...
Afrah:[ ا ] as in aik which means “one.” (ایک)
Eric: So this is the sound [a]?
Afrah: That’s correct, Eric. The next one is [ب] as in [bahar] which means “Spring” [بہار]
Eric: Next is
Afrah: [پ] as in [Pahar] which means a mountain. [پہاڑ]
Eric: And next we have
Afrah: [ت] as in [Talwar] which means a sword[تلوار]
Eric: This is the sound of “t”.
Afrah: Right, and the next one is [ٹ] as in [Tamatar] which means “tomatoes” (ٹماڑر).
Eric: Next is
Afrah:[ث] as in [samar] which means “fruit” [ثمر]
Eric: Next is
Afrah:[ج] as in [Jahaz] which means “airplane” [جہاز].
Eric: And next we have,
Afrah:[چ] as in [Chaiy] [چائے]
Eric: Which means “tea”. Now, the next one is
Afrah:[ح] as in [Hooz][حوظ]
Eric: It means “pond.” The next,
Afrah: The next one is [خ] as in [khargosh] [خرگوش] which means “rabbit”
Eric: Next is
Afrah:[د] as in [Diwaar] [ دیوار]
Eric: which means “wall”. And next?
Afrah: We have [ڈ] as in [Dor] [ڈور]
Eric:And it means “thread”
Afrah: We are halfway through this lesson, listeners!
Eric: You’re doing a great job! Let’s move on.
Afrah:The next one is [ذ] as in [Zakhira][ذخیره]
Eric:Which means “storage.” And next is
Afrah:[ر] as in [Rastah][راستہ].
Eric:And this means a “way” .
Afrah:That’s correct, and next is [ڑ] as in [Thora] [تهوڑا] meaning “less”
Eric:Okay. Next we have...
Afrah:[ز] as in [Zor][زور]
Eric: Which means “strength”. And next we have
Afrah:[ژ] as in [Zalabari] [ژالہ باری]
Eric: Which means “hail storm”
Afrah:Next is [س] as in [Saib][سیب]
Eric:This means “apple”, and finally, the last one for today is
Afrah: [ش] as in [Sheesha] [شیشا]
Eric: Which means “mirror” .
Eric: All right. So now we’ve covered the first 18 Urdu consonants.


Eric: Let’s leave it there for this lesson. Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time!
Afrah: Goodbye [Phr Milenge]